Old Kentish Sign Language

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Old Kentish Sign Language
OKSL
Native to formerly England
Region Kent
Extinct (date missing)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 okl
Glottolog oldk1238[1]

Old Kentish Sign Language (OKSL, also Old Kent Sign Language), is an extinct village sign language of 17th-century Kent in the United Kingdom, that has since been superseded by British Sign Language.

According to Peter Webster Jackson (2001), OKSL may have been the language used by a deaf boy described by 17th century British writer Samuel Pepys in his Diaries.[2] Pepys was dining with his friend Sir George Downing on November 9, 1666, when the deaf servant had a conversation in sign language with his master, which included news of the Great Fire of London. Downing had been to school near Maidstone, Kent, where he lived in a community where congenital deafness was widespread. This population supported a sign language which was known by many hearing people as well as deaf.[3]

As settlers of the Martha's Vineyard communities of Tisbury and Chilmark migrated from the Kentish Weald, Nora Groce speculates that OKSL may be the origin of Martha's Vineyard Sign Language, which is in turn one of the precursors of American Sign Language (ASL).[4] Others have cautioned against uncritical reception of this claim, "because no deaf people were part of the original migration from Kent, and nothing is known about any specific variety of signing used in Kent."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Old Kentish Sign Language". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Jackson, Peter Webster (2001). A Pictorial History of Deaf Britain.
  3. ^ Jones, Steve (1996). In the Blood – God, Genes & Destiny. ISBN 0-00-255512-3
  4. ^ Groce, Nora Ellen (1985). Everyone here spoke sign language: Hereditary deafness on Martha's Vineyard. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-27040-1.
  5. ^ Bencie Woll, Rachel Sutton-Spence and Frances Elton (2001), Multilingualism: The global approach to sign languages, in "The Sociolinguistics of Sign Languages", Edited by Ceil Lucas, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-79137-5.