Old Lyme, Connecticut

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Old Lyme, Connecticut
Town
Official seal of Old Lyme, Connecticut
Seal
Location within New London County, Connecticut
Location within New London County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°19′N 72°18′W / 41.317°N 72.300°W / 41.317; -72.300Coordinates: 41°19′N 72°18′W / 41.317°N 72.300°W / 41.317; -72.300
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Norwich-New London
Region Connecticut River Estuary
Incorporated 1855
Government
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
 • First selectman Bonnie Reemsnyder
Area
 • Total 28.8 sq mi (74.6 km2)
 • Land 23.1 sq mi (59.8 km2)
 • Water 5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,603
 • Density 260/sq mi (100/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06371
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-57040
GNIS feature ID 0213483
Website www.oldlyme-ct.gov
View of the Connecticut River in Old Lyme near its mouth at Long Island Sound
May Night, painting of the Florence Griswold House by Willard Metcalf, 1906, in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art

Old Lyme is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The Main Street of the town, Lyme Street, is a historic district. The town has long been a popular summer resort and artists' colony. The town is named after Lyme Regis, England.

The US headquarters of Sennheiser is located in Old Lyme, as is Callaway Cars, the Florence Griswold Museum (including the Florence Griswold House), the Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts, and the Lyme Art Association. Old Lyme and its neighboring town Lyme are the namesake for Lyme disease.

The town of Old Lyme contains several villages, including Black Hall, Laysville, Lyme, Soundview, and South Lyme. The total population of the town was 7,603 at the 2010 census.[1]

Church at Old Lyme, oil on canvas, Childe Hassam, 1905

Background and history[edit]

Old Lyme is a community of about 7,600 permanent residents, in addition to several thousand seasonal vacationers who occupy a seaside community of summer residences. It is located on the east bank of the Connecticut River at its confluence with the Long Island Sound, across the river from Old Saybrook on the west bank. Numerous examples of Colonial and Federal architecture can be found throughout the town.

The town of Lyme was set off from Saybrook (now known as Deep River), which is on the west bank of the river mouth, on February 13, 1665. South Lyme was later incorporated from Lyme in 1855, then renamed Old Lyme in 1857 because it contains the oldest-settled portion of the "Lymes".[2] Old Lyme occupies about 27 square miles (70 km2) of shoreline, tidal marsh, inland wetlands and forested hills. Its neighbor to the north is the town of Lyme, and to the east is East Lyme. Other placenames from the same root are Hadlyme (between Lyme and East Haddam) and South Lyme (a beach resort area of Old Lyme). The placename "Lyme" derives from Lyme Regis, a small port on the coast of Dorset, England, from which it is believed the early settlers migrated in the 17th century.[3] The picturesque Old Lyme Cemetery contains the graves of the original settlers. The Duck River flows through the cemetery and into the Connecticut River at Watch Rock Park.

The "Lyme" in Lyme disease was named after the town. It was discovered in 1975 after a mysterious outbreak of what appeared to be juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in children who lived in Lyme and Old Lyme.

Old Lyme Art Colony[edit]

see main page Old Lyme Art Colony

The Florence Griswold House in Old Lyme housed an art colony for many years in the early 20th century to many prominent American Impressionist painters. The Lyme Art Colony included Childe Hassam, Edward Charles Volkert, Willard Metcalf, Wilson Irvine, and Henry Ward Ranger, among many others. These artists made Old Lyme a thriving art community, which still continues today.

The Griswold House was transformed into an art museum, the Florence Griswold Museum, or affectionately called "Flo Gris", by residents of Old Lyme. Many American Impressionist paintings of the era are of subjects in and around the Griswold House and are featured in the museum, along with many other works and personal possessions of the artists who frequented there. The building of the Old Lyme Congregational Church is known for the many paintings that have been made of it, most notably by Childe Hassam.

On the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Notable people, past and present[edit]

Geography[edit]

Barefoot tourists

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.8 square miles (75 km2), of which 23.1 square miles (60 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2), or 19.85%, is water. Old Lyme, along with neighboring Old Saybrook, enjoys a relatively mild humid subtropical climate.

Principal communities[edit]

  • Black Hall
  • Laysville
  • Lyme Station
  • Old Lyme center
  • Sound View
  • South Lyme (06376)
    • Edge Lea, Hatchetts Point, Point O'Woods

Other minor communities and geographic features in the town are Between the Rivers, Black Hall Pond, Brighton Beach, Ferry Road, Flat Rock Hill, Four Mile River, Griswold Point, Hall's Corners, Hawk's Nest Beach, Homestead Circle, Johnnycake Hill, Miami Beach, Mile Creek, Neck Road, Old Colony Beach, Old Lyme Estates, Old Lyme Shores, Rogers Lake, Sill Lane, Smith's Neck, Tantummaheag, Tuttles Sandy Beach, Whippoorwill, and White Sand Beach.

Rogers Lake[edit]

Rogers Lake is located in the towns of Old Lyme and Lyme and is formed by a dam along Town Woods Road in Old Lyme. The lake's surface area is 265 acres (1.07 km2). Grassy Hill Brook and Broad Swamp Brook feed into the lake. The lake's watershed is 4,833 acres (19.56 km2) of woodland. The outlet below the dam is Mill Brook, which is a tributary of the Lieutenant River, a tributary of the Connecticut River.

Rogers Lake is stocked every year with brook and rainbow trout.

A street that runs along the north side of Rogers Lake is called Blood Street; it has lent its name to the town's rowing team, the Blood Street Sculls.

Demographics[edit]

Relaxing behind the Florence Griswold Museum in Old Lyme

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 7,603 people, 2,958 households, and 2,153 families residing in the town. The population density was 320.6 people per square mile (123.8/km²). There were 4,570 housing units at an average density of 197.8 per square mile (76.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.37% White, 0.26% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population.

There were 2,958 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.

Poetically beautiful waterfront

In the town the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $68,386, and the median income for a family was $75,779. Males had a median income of $52,110 versus $39,158 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,386. About 2.2% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005[7]
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage
  Republican 1,931 66 1,997 32.76%
  Democratic 1,384 38 1,422 23.33%
  Unaffiliated 2,546 119 2,665 43.73%
  Minor Parties 10 0 10 0.16%
Total 5,871 223 6094 100%

First Selectman and Board of Selectmen[edit]

  • First Selectwoman; Bonnie Reemsnyder; Democrat
  • Selectwoman; Mary Jo Nosal, Democrat
  • Selectman; Skip Sibley, Republican

Schools[edit]

1,450 children from the towns of Old Lyme and Lyme were enrolled in the five schools of Regional District 18 at the start of the 2011–2012 academic year. The students are enrolled based on age and location. Lyme Consolidated School is for grades pre-k through 5, Mile Creek School is for grades pre-K through 2, Center School is for grades 3 through 5, Lyme-Old Lyme Middle School is for grades 6 through 8, and Lyme-Old Lyme High School is for grades 9 through 12. Regional School District 18 has a 13:1 student to faculty ratio, and spent $17,454 per pupil in the 2007–2008 school year. The district's girls' soccer and boys' basketball teams won the Shoreline Conference Championship during the 2010–2011 school year.

Old Lyme also has a number of students who travel to private schools, including nearby parochial schools such as Xavier High School, Mercy High School, and Saint Bernard School, and some students who go to college preparatory schools such as The Williams School in New London.

Colleges[edit]

Lyme Academy College Academic Center

Founded in 1976 by Elisabeth Gordon Chandler as a figurative art academy for the teaching of sculpture, drawing, illustration and painting, the Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts offers a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in the disciplines of painting and sculpture. The college also offers a post-baccalaureate and a three-year certificate program. It is known for its focus on teaching techniques and the history and tradition of representational art, centered on the study of nature and the figure. According to The New York Times, "many in the art world believe the (Lyme) Academy has contributed to the renaissance of representational art."[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

The Estuary Transit District provides public transportation throughout Old Lyme and the surrounding towns through its 9 Town Transit Service. Services include connections to the Old Saybrook Train Station, served by Amtrak and Shore Line East railroads, as well as the New London Transportation Center, served by train and ferry service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Old Lyme town, New London County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  2. ^ Burton, K. Old Lyme, Lyme, and Hadlyme. Arcadia Publishing,Charleston, SC, 2003 pp. 7-8.
  3. ^ Caulkins, F.M. History of New London, Connecticut. From the first survey of the coast in 1612, to 1852. H.D. Utley, New London, 1895. 696 pp.
  4. ^ Lois Darling, 72, Dies; An Artist and a Writer, New York Times, 21 December 1970, accessed May 2010
  5. ^ Walker Evans: Photographer of America, Thomas Nau, Macmillan, 2007, p. 59
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 

External links[edit]