Old Martin County Courthouse

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Old Martin County Court House
OldMartinCountyFlaCourthouse 012.JPG
Front (north) facade
Old Martin County Courthouse is located in Florida
Old Martin County Courthouse
Location

80 East Ocean Boulevard

Stuart, Florida
Coordinates 27°12′2″N 80°14′44″W / 27.20056°N 80.24556°W / 27.20056; -80.24556Coordinates: 27°12′2″N 80°14′44″W / 27.20056°N 80.24556°W / 27.20056; -80.24556
Area less than one acre
Built 1937
Architect L. Phillips Clarke; builder: Chalker & Lund
Architectural style Modern Movement, Art Deco
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 97001329[1]
Added to NRHP November 07, 1997
Martin County Courthouse in 1969
Front (north)entrance detail
West side facade. In 1954 this side was covered by the construction of a west wing. A corner of the new courthouse is shown in the right center edge
East side facade. In 1954 this side was covered by the construction of an east wing.

The Old Martin County Court House, built in 1937, is an historic Art Deco style courthouse building located at 80 East Ocean Boulevard in Stuart, Martin County, Florida. In 1989, it was listed in A Guide to Florida's Historic Architecture, published by the University of Florida Press.[2] On November 7, 1997, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[1] On March 15, 2007, it was added to the Martin County Historic Register by the Martin County Historic Preservation Board. It is now known as the Courthouse Cultural Center and is the headquarters of the Arts Council, Inc., the designated local arts agency for Martin County.

Building history[edit]

The building was designed by architect L. Phillips Clarke of West Palm Beach and built by Chalker & Lund of poured concrete walls with terrazzo floors in the Art Deco style for the WPA as a northern addition to the first Martin County courthouse, which had been built in 1908 as a Palm Beach County public school building and converted to courthouse use after Martin County was created in 1925.[3] The four words, Martin County Court House, were prominently etched into the front of the addition, where they still remain. Because of this, both the National Register and the Cultural Center have retained the two-word spelling of courthouse even though the one-word version is the preferred one.

In 1954, the county bought a building to the west that had been used as an automobile dealership by Web Ordway Ford and later as an A & P grocery store and converted it into a courthouse annex. At the same time, the county extended the original courthouse and the 1937 addition west to abut the annex and joined their hallways. The county also extended the 1937 addition and the old school house on the east side. Both of these 1954 additions were bland, utilitarian structures of no particular architectural merit.

Later when the county outgrew this assemblage of buildings, it decided to build a new courthouse and constitutional officers complex to the south of the original courthouse and to tear down the original courthouse, all additions and the annex. The City of Stuart, though, with much public support, prevailed on the county commission to save the 1937 addition and to use it as a cultural center. There was some sentiment to save the original schoolhouse building, but this was determined not to be feasible.

Resources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ A Guide to Florida's Historic Architecture, 1989, Gainesville: University of Florida Press, p. 137, ISBN 0-8130-0941-3
  3. ^ Services - Office of Cultural & Historical Programs

External links[edit]