Old South

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This article is about the geographic region. For the orange juice brand, see Old South (orange juice).
Regional definitions vary from source to source. The states shown in dark red are usually included, though their modern boundaries differ from the boundaries of the Thirteen Colonies.

Geographically, the Old South is a subregion of the American South, differentiated from the "Deep South" as being the Southern States represented in the original thirteen American colonies, as well as a way of describing the former lifestyle in the Southern United States. Culturally, the term can be used to describe the antebellum period.[1]

Geographic usage[edit]

The Southern Colonies were Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.

The "Old South" is usually defined in opposition to the Deep South including Alabama, Louisiana, South Carolina and Mississippi, and it is also further differentiated from the inland border states such as Kentucky and West Virginia and the peripheral southern states of Florida and Texas.

The "Old South" also refers to the tradition of Southerners voting the Democratic ticket. During the Reconstruction period after the Civil War, many Democrats lost their ability to vote. This led to a Republican South until 1877, when southern Democrats returned to power. Recently this Democratic dominance has eroded, yet the South maintains its conservative stance. The majority of the Southern population now identifies with the Republican party. The 2014 mid-term elections consist of many competitive tickets, many of which are in the South, such as the United States Senate elections in Kentucky and Georgia, which the Democrats hope to win, leading some to believe that the Democrats' strategy of maintaining their legislative victories, as well as future Presidential elections, is to revive the Old South.

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Scholarly References[edit]

  • Smith, Mark M., "The Old South" (Malden, Mass: Blackwell Publishers, 2001).