Old South Meeting House

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This article is about the museum and historic site in Downtown Crossing. For the United Church of Christ church at Copley Square, see Old South Church.
Old South Meeting House
On a city street, an old brick church with a tall steeple is flanked by modern buildings.
The Old South Meeting House, 1968
Old South Meeting House is located in Massachusetts
Old South Meeting House
Location Boston, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°21′25″N 71°3′31″W / 42.35694°N 71.05861°W / 42.35694; -71.05861Coordinates: 42°21′25″N 71°3′31″W / 42.35694°N 71.05861°W / 42.35694; -71.05861
Built 1729
Architect Twelves,Robert
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 66000778[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL October 9, 1960

The Old South Meeting House is a historic church building at the corner of Milk and Washington Streets in the Downtown Crossing area of Boston, Massachusetts. Built in 1729, it gained fame as the organizing point for the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773. 5,000[2] colonists gathered at the Meeting House, the largest building in Boston at the time.

History[edit]

Church (1729–1872)[edit]

The church, with its 56 m (183 ft) steeple, was completed in 1729. The congregation was gathered in 1669 when it broke off from First Church of Boston, a Congregationalist church founded by John Winthrop in 1630. The site was a gift of Mrs. Norton, widow of John Norton, pastor of the First Church in Boston.[3] The church's first pastor was Rev. Thomas Thatcher, a native of Salisbury, England. Thatcher was also a physician and is known for publishing the first medical tract in Massachusetts.

Interior of Old South, 2010

After the Boston Massacre in 1770, yearly anniversary meetings were held at the church until 1775 featuring speakers such as John Hancock and Dr. Joseph Warren. In 1773 5,000 people met in the Meeting House to debate British taxation, and after the meeting a group raided a nearby tea ship in what became known as the Boston Tea Party.

In 1775 the British occupied the Meeting House due to its association with the Revolutionary cause. The British gutted the building, filled it with dirt and then used the interior to practice horse riding. They destroyed much of the interior and stole various items including William Bradford's Of Plymouth Plantation (1620), a unique Pilgrim manuscript, hidden in Old South's tower.

Old South Meeting House was almost destroyed in the Great Boston Fire of 1872, saved by the timely arrival of a fire engine from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, but the fire caused the city's residential districts to shift toward the Back Bay, away from the church. The congregation then built a new church building (the "New" Old South Church at Copley Square) which remains its home to this day. Once a year, on the Sunday before Thanksgiving, the Old South congregation returns to Old South Meeting House for services in its ancestral home.

Old South Meeting House
Old South Meeting House

Ministers[edit]

  • Thomas Thacher (1620–1678), minister 1670–1678[4]
  • Samuel Willard (1640–1707), minister 1678–1707[5]
  • Ebenezer Pemberton (1672–1717), minister 1700–1717[6]
  • Joseph Sewall (1688–1769), minister 1713–1769[7]
  • Thomas Prince (1687–1758), minister 1718–1758[8]
  • Alexander Cumming (1726–1763), minister 1761–1763[9]
  • Samuel Blair (1741–1818), minister ca.1766[10]
  • John Bacon (b.1737), minister 1772–1775[11]
  • Joseph Eckley (1750–1811), minister 1779–1811[12]
  • Joshua Huntington (1786–1819), minister 1808–1819[13]
  • Benjamin B. Wisner (1794–1835), minister 1821–1832[14]
  • Samuel H. Stearns (1801–1837), minister 1834–1836[15][16]
  • George W. Blagden (1802–1884), minister 1836–1872[17][18]
  • Jacob M. Manning (1824–1882), minister 1857–1872[19]

Notable congregants[edit]

Museum (1877–present)[edit]

Old South Meeting House has been an important gathering place for nearly three centuries. Renowned for the protest meetings held here before the American Revolution when the building was termed a mouth-house, this National Historic Landmark has long served as a platform for the free expression of ideas. Today, the Old South Meeting House is open daily as a museum and continues to provide a place for people to meet, discuss and act on important issues of the day. The stories of the men and women who are part of Old South’s vital heritage reveal why the Old South Meeting House occupies an enduring place in the history of the United States.

The museum and historic site is located at the intersection of Washington and Milk Streets and can be visited for a nominal sum. It is located near the State Street, Downtown Crossing and Park Street MBTA (subway) stations.

The Old South Meeting House is claimed to be the second oldest establishment existent in the United States.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ John Galvin (Three Men of Boston. New York: Thomas Cromwell, 1976. 268.) puts that number as high as 8,000.
  3. ^ Bridgeman, Thomas (1856). The Pilgrims of Boston and their Descendants. New York: D. Appleton and Company. pp. 54–58. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  4. ^ WorldCat. Thacher, Thomas 1620-1678
  5. ^ WorldCat. Willard, Samuel 1640-1707
  6. ^ WorldCat. Pemberton, Ebenezer 1672-1717
  7. ^ WorldCat. Sewall, Joseph 1688-1769
  8. ^ WorldCat. Prince, Thomas 1687-1758
  9. ^ WorldCat. Cumming, A. (Alexander) 1726-1763
  10. ^ Cyclopaedia of Biblical, theological, and ecclesiastical literature. 1894
  11. ^ New England historical & genealogical register, v.26. 1872
  12. ^ WorldCat. Eckley, Joseph 1750-1811
  13. ^ WorldCat. Huntington, Joshua 1786-1819
  14. ^ WorldCat. Wisner, Benjamin B. (Benjamin Blydenburg) 1794-1835
  15. ^ WorldCat. Stearns, Samuel H. (Samuel Horatio) 1801-1837
  16. ^ Bowen's picture of Boston, 3rd ed. 1888.
  17. ^ WorldCat. Blagden, George W. (George Washington) 1802-1884
  18. ^ "Boston Pulpit". Gleasons Pictorial (Boston, Mass.) 5. 1853. 
  19. ^ WorldCat. Manning, Jacob M. (Jacob Merrill) 1824-1882

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Old Corner Bookstore
Locations along Boston's Freedom Trail
Old South Meeting House
Succeeded by
Old State House