Old Street station

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For the Shenzhen Metro's Laojie ('Old Street') Station, see Laojie Station.
Old Street London Underground National Rail
Old Street stn northwest entrance.JPG
Station entrance
Old Street is located in Central London
Old Street
Old Street
Location of Old Street in Central London
Location Old Street
Local authority Islington
Managed by London Underground
Station code OLD
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 20.05 million[1]
2011 Increase 21.04 million[2]
2012 Increase 21.88 million[2]
2013 Decrease 21.86 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2009–10 Increase 1.327 million[3]
2010–11 Increase 1.435 million[3]
2011–12 Decrease 1.337 million[3]
2012–13 Increase 1.396 million[3]
Key dates
1901 Opened (C&SLR)
1904 Opened (GN&CR)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°31′33″N 0°05′14″W / 51.52581°N 0.08709°W / 51.52581; -0.08709

Old Street station is a central London National Rail and London Underground station located at the junction of Old Street and City Road just north of the City of London. It lies close to the border between the boroughs of Islington and Hackney. The station is in Travelcard Zone 1.

The station is on the Bank branch of London Underground's Northern line, between Moorgate and Angel stations. It is also between Moorgate and Essex Road stations on National Rail's Northern City Line, operated by Great Northern. Although a through station on this route, for ticketing purposes it is considered a central London railway terminus.[4]

At the surface, the station is situated under the eastern edge of the busy Old Street roundabout, where Old Street crosses City Road. There is no ground-level station building, access being by ramps and stairs to a modern station entrance which is part of a small shopping parade beneath the roundabout. The original ground-level buildings were removed when the roundabout was constructed. The station has toilets, but they are not open late into the evening. On the Northern line between Old Street and Angel stations is the disused tube station City Road.

There are no National Rail trains on weekends or after 10pm. Trains at these times run to/from London King's Cross instead of Moorgate.

History[edit]

The station was originally opened in November 1901 by the first deep-level tube railway, the City & South London Railway, as part of an extension of its line from Moorgate to Angel. The Northern City Line platforms were opened in February 1904 by the Great Northern & City Railway which built its tunnels to a larger diameter capable of accommodating main line trains in the hope of carrying trains from its northern terminus at the Great Northern Railway's Finsbury Park station to Moorgate. This eventually happened in the 1970s, with the line becoming a BR route, with through services to Hertford and Welwyn Garden City. During the 1920s the station was rebuilt when escalators (1 & 2) replaced the lift shaft in accessing the platform tunnels. Between 1967 and 1969 the station was once again modified, the surface building was replaced with the current sub-surface structure situated in the centre of the roundabout and an additional escalator shaft (3) was added. During the 1990s the effects of corrosion caused by excessive soil acidity[5] required a section of the cast iron running tunnel lining in the Northern line, south of Old Street, to be re-lined with stainless steel tunnel segments.[6]

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 21; 43; 55; 76; 135; 141; 205; 214; 243; 271 and night routes N35, N55, N76 and N205 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  4. ^ "Section A". National Fares Manual 98. Association of Train Operating Companies. Retrieved 2 January 2010. [dead link]
  5. ^ Rainey, T.P. and Rosenbaum, M.S., 1989. The adverse influence of geology and groundwater on the behaviour of London Underground railway tunnels near Old Street station. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 100, 123–134, ISSN 0016 7878.
  6. ^ Northern Line tunnel reconstruction at Old Street; authors: N. Burgess; J. Fagents; J. Paterson: Proceedings of the ICE - Transport, Volume 153, Issue 1, 1 February 2002, pages 1 –11, ISSN: 0965-092X.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
National Rail National Rail
London Moorgate   Great Northern
Northern City Line
Monday-Friday only
  Essex Road
  Former Service  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Euston
Northern line
(1901-22)
towards Kennington
towards Finsbury Park
Northern line
Northern City branch
Terminus
  Abandoned Plans  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Terminus