Old Taiwan dollar

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Old Taiwan dollar
Central bank Bank of Taiwan
 Website www.bot.com.tw
User(s) Taiwan
Symbol TW$
Coins None
Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 100 000 dollars
Printer China Engraving and Printing Works
 Website www.cepp.gov.tw
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

The Old Taiwan dollar was used from 1946 to 1949. Taiwan was at this time a province of Nationalist China. The currency was issued by the Bank of Taiwan. Inflation due the Chinese Civil War made it worthless by 1949, requiring the introduction of the New Taiwan dollar.

History[edit]

Inflation caused by the Chinese Civil War forced authorities to issue bearer's checks denominated at one million dollars in 1948.

Taiwan was under Japanese rule from 1895 to 1945 and the colonial government of Taiwan issued the Taiwan yen during this period through the Bank of Taiwan. In 1945, after the Japanese Empire was defeated in World War II, the Republic of China (ROC) assumed control of Taiwan. Within a year, the Nationalist government assumed control of the Bank of Taiwan and issued Taiwan dollars (also known as Taiwan Nationalist yuan or TWN) as a "provisional" replacement for the Taiwan yen at the rate of one to one. The new banknotes were initially printed in Shanghai, and were shipped to Taipei. After the Nationalists consolidated their control over Taiwan the banknotes were printed in Taipei. The currency was not subdivided, and no coins were issued.

Due to the Chinese Civil War in the late 1940s, Taiwan, like mainland China, suffered hyperinflation. As inflation worsened, the government issued banknotes at higher and higher denominations, up to one million yuan. Because the inflation of the Old Taiwan dollar was only a side effect of the inflation of Chinese yuan of mainland China, it depreciated at a slower rate than the currency used on the mainland.

The Old Taiwan dollar was replaced by the New Taiwan dollar on June 15, 1949, at the rate of 1 new dollar to 40,000 old dollars. The Nationalists were defeated by the Communists in the same year and retreated to Taiwan. After retreating to Taiwan, the Nationalist government was able to manage the currency's inflation, and the severe inflation that had characterized Chinese currencies in the late 1940s ended.

Banknotes[edit]

The denominations of the Old Taiwan dollar in circulation were

Orientation Value Dimensions Main Color Description Date of
Obverse Reverse printing issue
Horizontal Style Banknotes 1 dollar 130 × 70 mm Blue Sun Yat-sen, Bank of Taiwan, map of Taiwan Naval Battle Against the Dutch 1946 May 22, 1946
5 dollars 135 × 73 mm Red
10 dollars 141 × 77 mm Green-Gray
50 dollars 144 × 77 mm Brown September 1, 1946
100 dollars 154 × 82 mm Green
500 dollars 158 × 84 mm Red May 17, 1948
100 dollars 154 × 81 mm Green 1947 February 1, 1948
1000 dollars 158 × 86 mm Blue-Gray 1948 May 17, 1948
1000 dollars Sun Yat-sen, Bank of Taiwan, map of Taiwan, Sugarcane August 17, 1948
10 000 dollars 160 × 86 mm Dark Green December 11, 1948
10 000 dollars 143 × 67 mm Red Sun Yat-sen, map of Taiwan Bank of Taiwan 1949 May 17, 1949
100 000 dollars 146 × 63 mm Red Never
Vertical Style Bearer's Checks 5000 dollars 60 × 147 mm Orange Bank of Taiwan None (unifaced) None May 3, 1948
10 000 dollars 61 × 150 mm Blue June 1, 1948
100 000 dollars Red September 3, 1948
1 000 000 dollars Red-Brown December 1948

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by:
Taiwan yen
Reason: Administration of Taiwan transferred to Republic of China
Ratio: at par
Currency of Taiwan Province, Republic of China
1946 – 1949
Note: Taiwan dollar was initially intended to be a temporary and local currency
Succeeded by:
New Taiwan dollar
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 new dollar = 40,000 old dollars