Old Town Chinatown, Portland, Oregon
|Old Town Chinatown|
|• Association||Old Town Chinatown Neighborhood Association|
|• Total||0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)|
|• Occupancy rate||% occupied|
|• % households renting||% renting|
|• Avg. household size||persons|
Old Town Chinatown is the official Chinatown of the Northwest section of Portland, Oregon. The Willamette River forms its eastern boundary, separating it from the Lloyd District and the Kerns and Buckman neighborhoods. It includes the Portland Skidmore/Old Town Historic District and the Portland New Chinatown/Japantown Historic District, which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In the Northwest section, NW Broadway forms the western boundary, separating it from the Pearl District, and W Burnside St. forms the southern boundary, separating it from Downtown Portland. In the Southwest section, the neighborhood extends from SW 3rd Ave. east to the river and from SW Stark St. north to W Burnside St. (with the exception of areas south of SW Pine St. and west of SW 2nd Ave, and south of SW Oak St. and west of SW 1st Ave., which are part of Downtown).
The neighborhood is well-served by various modes of transportation. Amtrak's Union Station and the Greyhound bus station are located in the northwestern portion of the neighborhood. The Broadway Bridge marks the northern tip, and the ends of the Steel and Burnside bridges are along the area's eastern border.
The MAX Light Rail line turns south into the neighborhood from the Steel Bridge and stops at Old Town/Chinatown, Skidmore Fountain, and Oak Street/Southwest 1st Avenue; the system connects the neighborhood to Northeast and North Portland across the Willamette, and to Downtown Portland to the south and west. The Portland Mall begins at the Greyhound station, providing local bus and light rail service along 5th and 6th Avenues south into downtown.
Portland Skidmore/Old Town Historic District
Skidmore Fountain, and the New Market Block in the background.
|Location||Roughly bounded by Naito Parkway, Everett, 3rd, and Oak streets., Portland, Oregon|
|Area||440 acres (180 ha)|
|Architectural style||Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements, Late Victorian, Italianate|
|NRHP Reference #||75001597|
|Added to NRHP||December 6, 1975|
|Designated NHLD||May 5, 1977
October 6, 2008 (additional NHL documentation approved)
Old Town was the original urban core of Portland. It straddles West Burnside St and includes an area under the Burnside Bridge. The Portland Skidmore/Old Town Historic District, created in 1975 and roughly bounded by Naito Parkway, Everett Street, 3rd Avenue, and Oak Street, is an important part of Old Town Portland. Attractions include the Saturday Market; the Shanghai tunnels; and Ankeny Plaza, site of Portland's oldest public art work, the Skidmore Fountain (dedicated September 22, 1888). The fountain, designed by Olin L. Warner of New York, is named after pioneer druggist Stephen G. Skidmore. Naito Parkway (ex-Front Avenue) is named after the late Bill Naito, a longtime Old Town-based businessman and developer, who with his brother Sam Naito in the 1960s helped to halt the decline of the area—then known as Portland's "Skid Road"—by opening a retail store, buying and restoring old buildings in the area, and convincing others to invest in the district over the next several years. Bill Naito died in 1996.
Businesses located in Old Town include Dan and Louis Oyster Bar (since 1907) and Voodoo Doughnut. The area is the site of the 24 Hour Church of Elvis and formerly of attractions such as the Satyricon nightclub and the X-Ray Cafe.
Portland New Chinatown/Japantown Historic District
The Chinatown Gate over NW Fourth Avenue at W Burnside Street.
|Area||174 acres (70 ha)|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian, Modern Movement, Late 19th And Early 20th Century American Movements|
|NRHP Reference #||89001957|
|Added to NRHP||1989-11-21|
The Chinatown portion of Old Town extends north from West Burnside St. to Union Station. The entrance is marked by a China gate (built in 1986), complete with a pair of lions, at the corner of NW 4th Ave. and W Burnside St. The core of the area, from W Burnside St. to NW Glisan St. and from NW 5th Ave. to NW 3rd Ave., was designated in 1989 the New Chinatown/Japantown Historic District.
When compared to the more well-known West Coast Chinatowns of Oakland and San Francisco in California and Vancouver, British Columbia, Portland's Chinatown is smaller and less active. It has more than two dozen Chinese-owned businesses, including restaurants such as Good Taste which serves Cantonese noodle soups and barbecued meats, gift and import shops, club houses, an herbal medicine store and an Asian food market.
Other major organizations based in Chinatown include the Port of Portland, Oregon Department of Transportation's Portland offices and NW Natural Gas. There is also a parking structure with a helipad on top.
In a step towards revitalization of the area, the Lan Su Chinese Garden opened September 14, 2000. The $12.8 million park covers an entire city block and was built by 65 artisans from Suzhou, China of imported materials (though all plants were grown locally). More recently, NW 3rd and 4th Avenues received streetscape improvements, including plaques describing historical features. Two block-long "festival streets" that can easily be used for street festivals were also created between these streets. In 2008, Uwajimaya anchored a redevelopment proposal, similar to the Uwajimaya Village in Seattle's Chinatown-International District. It would host the store, an underground parking garage, mixed-income apartments, and other small retailers. It was hoped to revitalize the area and bring in more tourists. In August 2011, Uwajimaya decided not to put a store in Chinatown because its stores in downtown Seattle and Renton, Washington are not meeting their potentials.
There are actually very few Chinese people living in Chinatown. A second Chinese area has sprung up around Southeast 82nd Avenue. The Southeast 82nd area has a large number of Asians, mainly Chinese and Vietnamese. There has recently emerged an ideological division separating the established social services and SRO residents from many of the new residents and businesses over how best to accommodate new investments and activities with minimal displacement of current services and residents.
Translation of street names
The street signs in Chinatown are both English and Chinese. The Chinese on the street signs are written in Traditional Chinese and are defined through Cantonese pronunciations.
- W Burnside Street - 西本世街
- NW Couch Street - 西北葛珠街
- NW Davis Street - 西北戴維斯街
- NW Everett Street - 西北愛和烈街
- NW Fifth Avenue - 西北第五街
- NW Flanders Street - 西北芬蘭達士街
- NW Fourth Avenue - 西北第四街
- NW Glisan Street - 西北紀利臣街
- NW Third Avenue - 西北第三街
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skidmore/Old Town Historic District.|
- List of Registered Historic Places in Multnomah County, Oregon
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Oregon
- Demographics (2000)
- "National Register of Historic Places.com". Retrieved 2008-05-11.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Skidmore/Old Town Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- Orloff, Chet. "William Sumio Naito (1925–1996)". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
- Carolyn Pitts (February 19, 1977). PDF (648 KiB). National Park Service. and PDF (1.18 MiB)
- Hottle, Molly (February 2, 2011). "Chinese New Year celebration at Portland Chinatown gate also will celebrate its 25th anniversary". The Oregonian. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
- http://www.pdc.us/ura/dtwf/otctstreetscape.asp pdc.us
- Gunderson, Laura (July 1, 2008). "Sign in to OregonLive.com". The Oregonian.
- "Uwajimaya, citing economy, won't open store in Chinatown: Portland City Hall roundup". The Oregonian. August 1, 2011.
- Old Town/Chinatown information from Old Town Chinatown Neighborhood Association
- Self-Guided Walking Tour of Portland's Chinatown from Travel Portland
- National Historic Landmark Nomination for Skidmore/Old Town Historic District
- Portland's Chinatown History and Resources from Friends of Portland Chinatown