Old Town Square

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The Old Town Hall and the Church of Our Lady before Týn
Jan Hus monument
The Church of St Nicholas

Old Town Square (Czech: About this sound Staroměstské náměstí ) is a historic square in the Old Town quarter of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. It is located between Wenceslas Square and the Charles Bridge.

Buildings[edit]

The square features various architectural styles including the Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn, it has been the main church of this part of the city since the 14th century, the church's towers are 80 m high. Prague Orloj is a medieval astronomical clock located at the Old Town Hall, the clock was first installed in 1410, making it the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world and the oldest one still working.

Among many churches, tourists may find the Baroque St. Nicholas Church, while the tower at the Old Town Hall offers a panoramic view of Old Town. An art museum of the Czech National Gallery is located in Kinský Palace.

Statues and memorials[edit]

The square's center is home to a statue of religious reformer Jan Hus, who for his beliefs was burned at the stake in Constance, this led to the Hussite Wars. The statue known as the Jan Hus Memorial was erected on July 6, 1915 to mark the 500th anniversary of his death. The square is also home to a memorial to martyrs (including Jan Jesenius and Maxmilián Hošťálek) beheaded on that spot during the Old Town Square execution after the Battle of White Mountain. Twenty-seven crosses mark the pavement in their honour. While the installation date of these crosses is uncertain, a nearby plaque which lists the names of all 27 victims dates from 1911.[1]

On November 3, 1918, a Marian Column that had been erected in the square shortly after the Thirty Years' War was demolished in celebration of independence from the Habsburg empire.[2]

Old Town Square

Markets[edit]

Prague Christmas Markets

At the Christmas and Easter are on the square placed markets, resembling medieval markets.

The Christmas Markets on the Old Town Square are the largest Christmas markets in the Czech Republic and are visited by hundreds of thousands of visitors from the Czech Republic and abroad. On the square is annually placed tall decorated tree and a musical stage. Of the foreigners, the markets are mostly visited by Germans, Russians, Italians and Brits.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derek Sayer, "The Language of Nationality and the Nationality of Language: Prague 1780-1920", Past & Present, No. 153 (Nov., 1996), pp. 164-210
  2. ^ Cynthia Paces, "The Fall and Rise of Prague's Marian Column," Radical History Review 79 (2001) 141-155
  3. ^ Prague Experience, Prague Christmas Markets
  4. ^ iDNES.cz - Vánoční trhy na Staroměstském náměstí končí, strom využijí v zoo

See also[edit]

External Links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°05′15″N 14°25′17″E / 50.0875°N 14.4214°E / 50.0875; 14.4214