Old West, Dickinson College

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Old West, Dickinson College
Westcollege1810.jpg
Old West
Old West, Dickinson College is located in Pennsylvania
Old West, Dickinson College
Location Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°12′11″N 77°11′43″W / 40.2030°N 77.1952°W / 40.2030; -77.1952Coordinates: 40°12′11″N 77°11′43″W / 40.2030°N 77.1952°W / 40.2030; -77.1952
Built 1822
Architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Architectural style Other, Federal
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 66000659
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL June 13, 1962[2]

Old West, Dickinson College is a building designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe in 1803 and completed in 1822. It was the original building of Dickinson College. The construction of Old West, known then as 'New College,' was authorized and began in 1798. The effort was in response to the complaints that students could not live at the College. On June 20, 1799, the first cornerstone was laid by John Keen of Carpenters Co., Philadelphia. While in construction in 1803, however, the brick portion of West College burnt down. In an attempt to rebuild a building that would be compatible with that of Princeton University, Judge Breckenridge went to Philadelphia to consult Benjamin Latrobe, who had remodeled Princeton's Nassau Hall and had completed extensive design work on the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

Latrobe was a willing contributor to the new design of West College. In a letter dated May 18, 1803, a copy of which may be seen in the Dickinson archives, Benjamin Henry Latrobe replies to Judge Breckenridge's request for drawings in great detail. Latrobe addresses the aspect of weather in Carlisle because of the extreme temperatures and amounts of moisture it acquires annually in the winter months. He explains that his design of the building allows for optimum light absorption through the windows and explains that the stone provides adequate shielding from the strong, crisp wind. The attention to stone as a weather-proof material was to have a lasting effect.

Old West in 2011

Today, Old West houses the presidential and other administrative offices. Memorial Hall in particular is the home of various distinguished speakers, cultural symposiums, and mass every Sunday night.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1962.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Old West, Dickinson College". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  3. ^ Patricia Heintzelman and Charles E. Shedd, Jr. (August 30, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Old West, Dickinson College PDF (32 KB)". National Park Service.  and Accompanying 3 photos, exterior and interior, from 1974 PDF (32 KB)