Old Wethersfield

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Old Wethersfield Historic District
Joseph Webb and Isaac Stevens Houses
Old Wethersfield is located in Connecticut
Old Wethersfield
Location Bounded by Hartford, railroad tracks, I-91, and Rocky Hill, Wethersfield, Connecticut
Coordinates 41°42′32″N 72°39′23″W / 41.70889°N 72.65639°W / 41.70889; -72.65639Coordinates: 41°42′32″N 72°39′23″W / 41.70889°N 72.65639°W / 41.70889; -72.65639
Area 1,300 acres (530 ha)
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Colonial, Federal
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 70000719[1]
Added to NRHP December 29, 1970

Old Wethersfield, also known as Old Wethersfield Historic District, and historically known as Watertown or Pyquag, is a section of the town of Wethersfield, Connecticut roughly bounded by the borders of the adjacent city of Hartford and town of Rocky Hill, railroad tracks, and I-91.[2] The site of the first permanent European-American settlement in the state of Connecticut,[3] it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970. At 2.3-square-mile (6.0 km2) in size, it is the state's largest historic district."[4]

The land for this colonial settlement was acquired from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Wethersfield served as a transportation hub on the Connecticut River in the early years.

"Wethersfield, founded in 1633–34, has its niche in history, being “Ye Most Ancient Towne” in Connecticut. Over one hundred fifty of our old, beautiful and distinctive Colonial homes stand as a symbol of the rich heritage which has been Wethersfield’s since the early days of its founding more than 350 years ago."[1]

The Old Wethersfield Historic District was established under town statutes in 1962, "to preserve and protect the many architectural phases of a Connecticut River Community in continual growth from 1634 to the present."[5] Eight years later, in 1970, the Old Wethersfield Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The village includes 50 houses that were built before the American Revolutionary War, plus about 250 additional houses built before the 20th century, about 100 of which were built earlier than the American Civil War.[3]

The historic district listed on the National Register includes 1200 structures over 1,300 acres (5.3 km2).[1] Of these 100 date from colonial times. Many of the early frame and brick houses were built by sea captains around the town green.[2]

There are three National Historic Landmarks in Old Wethersfield:

Another prominent historic building in the district is:

The district includes Wethersfield's green, which is "a slender diamond nearly a half-mile long".[2]:2

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