List of the oldest buildings in the United States

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This article attempts to list the oldest extant freestanding buildings constructed in the United States and its territories by Europeans (English, Spanish, Dutch, French, Swedish, Germans), Africans, Native Americans and other immigrants and native born people. The list also includes sites in current states and territories that were not part of the original Thirteen Colonies when the United States of America was founded in 1776. Sites on the list are generally from the First Period of American architecture or earlier.


Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Ancestral Puebloan communities Dark Canyon Ruin.jpg New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Utah NM
AZ
CO
UT
750 - Pueblo construction begins in CE 750 and continues to present Villages Majority of settlements abandoned, but some very well preserved. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Taos Pueblo USA 09669 Taos Pueblo Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg north of the modern city of Taos NM 1000 - Built between 1000 and 1450 CE Residential Said to be the oldest continuously inhabited houses still occupied. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[1]
Acoma Pueblo AcomaPuebloReflection.gif on top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in Cibola County NM 1000 - Built between 1000 and 1200 CE Residential Said to be the oldest continuously inhabited site in the U.S.. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Cathedral of San Juan Bautista San Juan Cathedral.JPG Old San Juan PR 1521 Religious Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest church building in the US and its territories, originally built in its current location (extensive additions and renovations). The Cathedral has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
San José Church San José Catholic Church - San Juan.jpg Old San Juan PR 1532 Religious Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Additions and renovations over the centuries. The church has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
La Fortaleza LA FORTALEZA.jpg Old San Juan PR 1533 Government Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest executive mansion in the New World. Extensive reconstructions took place. Building has been within the U.S. since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Castillo San Felipe del Morro FortElMorro SanJuan PuertoRico.jpg Old San Juan PR 1539 Government Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Construction started in 1539, with extensive additions over the centuries. Building has been within the U.S. since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Porta Coeli Porta Coeli in San Germán (Puerto Rico).jpg San Germán PR 1609 Religious The church has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
Palace of the Governors NewMexicoPalaceSantaFe.jpg Santa Fe NM 1610 Government Oldest seat of colonial government (Spanish). Building has been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[2]
San Miguel Mission Santa Fe San miguel chapel.jpg Santa Fe NM 1610 Government/religious Said to be the oldest church structure built in the US. The original adobe walls and altar were built by the Tlaxcalan Indians from Mexico, but much of the structure was rebuilt in 1710. Building has been within the U.S. since 1848 when New Mexico was annexed.[3]
Broad Bay Manor Virginia Beach VA 1636 c. Residential Purportedly the oldest house built by Europeans in the continental United States (needs reference). Built by the English colonist Thomas Allen in 1636 on land granted to him by Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. The house is primarily constructed from Flemish bond brick. Corroborative dating efforts have not been performed due to the building's relative obscurity and the fact that it is to this day a private residence, walled off from passers-by. It is located in the exclusive Broad Bay Colony residential neighborhood in northeastern Virginia Beach.[4]
Fairbanks House Fairbanks house dedham.jpg Dedham MA 1637 Residential Oldest house in the United States of timber-frame with date verified using dendrochronology.[5]
John Humphreys House Sir John Humphreys House.jpg Swampscott MA 1637 c. Residential Oldest house in Swampscott; moved in 1891 to present site (99 Paradise Road) from Elmwood Road.
C. A. Nothnagle Log House Nothnagle Log House.JPG Gibbstown NJ 1638–43 c. Residential Purportedly the oldest surviving log house in the U.S. and the oldest house in New Jersey.
Henry Whitfield House Henry-whitfield-house-ct.png Guilford CT 1639 Residential Oldest stone American Colonial house;[6] oldest house in Connecticut.
Jamestown Church Jamestown church ruins bw.jpg Jamestown VA 1639-43 Religious Oldest church building in the eastern US (though only the church tower and foundations remain from the original building.)[7]
Loomis Homestead PostcardWindsorCTLoomisHomestead1910.jpg Windsor CT 1640 Residential One of the oldest timber-frame houses in America. The oldest part of the house was built in 1640 by Joseph Loomis, who came to America from England in 1638. Later additions to the Loomis house were made around the turn of the eighteenth century.
Richard Sparrow House Richard Sparrow House in Plymouth Massachusetts.jpg Plymouth MA 1640 Residential Oldest house in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Lower Swedish Cabin LowerSwedishCabin.JPG Drexel Hill PA ca. 1640–50 Residential One of the earliest extant examples of Swedish log construction in the United States.[8]
Comfort Starr House Comfort Starr House.jpg Guilford CT 1645–6 Residential The house, still in its primitive state, is named after its second owner, Comfort Starr.
De Vargas Street House Oldest House in Santa Fe New Mexico.jpg Santa Fe NM 1646 Residential Previously alleged to be oldest house in the US and Santa Fe.
General Israel Putnam House Putnam House, Danvers, Massachusetts - front view.JPG Danvers MA 1648 c. Residential Recorded in the National Register of Historic Places. The house is now operated by the Danvers Historical Society and open by appointment.
Old House The-old-house-cutchogue.jpg Cutchogue NY 1649 Residential One of the oldest houses in the state; moved in 1661 to present site from Southold.
Pickering House Pickering House - Salem, Massachusetts.JPG Salem MA 1651 Residential Located in the Chestnut Street District.
Wyckoff House Wyckoff-house.jpg Brooklyn NY 1652 Residential Oldest house in New York City.[9]
Macy-Colby House Macy-Colby House (front) - Amesbury, Massachusetts.JPG Amesbury MA pre-1654 Residential Built by Thomas Macy, and owned by Anthony Colby and his descendants for 245 years. Now owned by the Bartlett Cemetery Association, and maintained by the Friends of the Macy-Colby House Association.
Block House Block house02.jpg Claymont DE 1654 Residential One of the oldest structures in Delaware, built by the Swedish.
Ryves Holt House Oldestindela.jpg Lewes DE 1655 Residential One of the houses structures in Delaware.
Newman-Fiske-Dodge House Newman-Fiske-Dodge House.jpg Wenham MA 1658 Residential Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Old Halsey House OldHalseyHouseSouthhampton.jpg Southampton NY 1660 Residential Built by Thomas Halsey, an English pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Thomas Lee House Thomas Lee House, East Lyme (New London County, Connecticut).jpg East Lyme CT 1660–4 Residential One of the oldest wood frame houses in Connecticut still in its primitive state.
James Blake House James Blake House, Dorchester, Massachusetts - exterior.JPG Boston MA 1661 c. Residential Oldest house in the city of Boston.
John Bowne House John Bowne House (WTM by official-ly cool 078).jpg Flushing, Queens NY 1661 c. Residential Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Reverend James Keith Parsonage Reverend James Keith Parsonage, West Bridgewater MA.jpg West Bridgewater MA 1662 Residential Preserved and maintained by the Old Bridgewater Historical Society.
Bray House Old Bray House, Kittery Point, ME.jpg Kittery Point ME 1662 c. Residential Oldest house in Maine.
Bronck House Bronck-house.jpg Coxsackie NY 1663 Residential Oldest house in upstate New York.
Richard Jackson House Jackson House, Portsmouth, NH.jpg Portsmouth NH 1664 Residential Oldest house in New Hampshire.[10]
Pickman House PickmanHouse Salem Massachusetts.jpg Salem MA 1664 Residential Located on Charter Street behind the Peabody Essex Museum, the oldest continually operated museum in America. The house abuts the Witch Memorial and is also next to the second oldest burying ground in America. The house is private, owned by the Peabody Essex Museum and not open for tours.
Gedney House Gedney House (exterior) - Salem, Massachusetts.JPG Salem MA 1665 Residential Allegedly the second oldest house in the City of Salem, located in the Chestnut Street District and operated as a non-profit museum by Historic New England. The house is rarely open to the public, though private tours can be arranged.
Bacon's Castle Bacons Castle 2006.jpg Surry VA 1665 Residential Located at 465 Bacon's Castle Trail in Surry, VA, this is perhaps the oldest building with satisfactorily credible age authentication and which is not a ruin or partial building still standing in the Commonwealth of Virginia (needs reference); also one of the oldest brick buildings still standing in the United States. If Broad Bay Manor's (Virginia Beach, VA) age is ever authenticated, it may predate Bacon's Castle by 29 years or more.
Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House Perine-house.JPG Staten Island NY 1665 c. Residential Built by Pierre Billiou, a French Heugenot pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Alexander Standish House Alexander Standish House in Duxbury MA.jpg Duxbury MA 1666 Residential Home of the son of Pilgrim Capt. Miles Standish.
Jabez Howland House Jabez Howland House in Plymouth MA.jpg Plymouth MA 1667 Residential Only extant house in Plymouth occupied by Pilgrims. John Howland and his wife, Elizabeth Tilley Howland, who both came over on the Mayflower, spent their winters here with their son, Jabez, one of their 10 children. Also a National Historic Landmark.[11]
House of the Seven Gables House of the Seven Gables (front angle) - Salem, Massachusetts.jpg Salem MA 1668 Residential National Historic Landmark, setting of the Nathaniel Hawthorne novel.
Chaplin-Clarke House Chaplin-Clarke House, Rowley MA.jpg Rowley MA 1670 Residential Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Stanton-Davis Homestead Museum StantonDavis.JPG Stonington CT 1670–1700 Farmhouse The farm has been worked every year since 1654.
Ephraim Hawley House Ephraim Hawley House Jan 2011.JPG Trumbull CT 1670–90 Residential Oldest house in the historic area of Nichols.
Newport Tower DSCN3887 newporttower e.jpg Newport RI 1670 c. (disputed to be older) Commercial Colonial windmill.[12] No roof or floors since the mid-18th century.
Nehemiah Royce House Nehemiah Royce House, Wallingford, Connecticut.JPG Wallingford CT 1672 Residential A typical saltbox, this house was visited by George Washington in 1775.
Castillo de San Marcos Fort2.jpg St. Augustine FL 1672–95 Government Oldest masonry fortification in the United States.
White Horse Tavern White Horse Tavern Newport.JPG Newport RI 1673 Tavern Oldest tavern in America.[13]
Old Trinity Church, Maryland Maryland Cambridge Old Trinity Church01.jpg Church Creek, Maryland MD 1675 Religious Church building in continuous use; as such, oldest in the US.[14]
Narbonne House Narbonne House - Salem, Massachusetts.JPG Salem MA 1675 Residential On the Waterfront in Salem and owned by the National Park Service.
Conference House Conference-house-staten-island.jpg Staten Island NY 1675 c. Residential Only pre-Revolutionary manor house still surviving in New York City.
Hoxie House Hoxie House, Sandwich, Massachusetts.jpg Sandwich MA 1675 c. Residential One of the oldest houses on Cape Cod.
The Witch House The witch house salem 2009.JPG Salem MA 1675 c. Residential Also called the Jonathan Corwin House, this was the home of Judge Jonathan Corwin [15] and is the only structure still standing in Salem, Massachusetts with direct ties to the Salem witch trials of 1692.[16] Even though Jonathan Corwin's descendants claim the house was built in 1642, most historians now believe the house was built c.1675.[17] The house, located in the Chestnut Street District, is now a museum operated by the City of Salem and is open seasonally.
Harlow Old Fort House Harlow Old Fort House in Plymouth MA.jpg Plymouth MA 1677 Residential Built in 1677 by Sergeant William Harlow, using timbers from the Pilgrims' original fort on Burial Hill.
Edward Searle House Searle.Edward.House.Oaklawn.RI.20110721.jpg Cranston RI 1677 Residential The house was rebuilt in 1677 on the site of the original 1670 structure, destroyed by Native Americans during King Philip's War.
John Whipple House Ipswich 004.jpg Ipswich MA 1677 Residential In 2005 a dendrochronology test determined that the earliest surviving part of the house was actually built in 1677. A major addition of roughly equal size was built in 1690, and there are various later additions.
Smith's Castle Smith's Castle, Wickford, RI.jpg Wickford RI 1678 Residential One of the oldest houses in Rhode Island, now a museum.
Rebecca Nurse Homestead RebeccaNurseHouse.jpg Danvers MA 1678 c. Residential Rebecca Nurse, executed in the Salem witch trials of 1692, was the most notable resident.
Clement Weaver House Clement Weaver House Daniel Howland House in East Greenwich RI.jpg East Greenwich RI 1679 Residential Oldest privately owned house in Rhode Island.[18]
John Balch House John Balch House - Beverly, Massachusetts.JPG Beverly MA 1679 c. Residential John Balch received the deed to the land on which the house sits in 1635; the building was constructed by Balch's son and grandson in 1678/1679,[19] and is one of the oldest continuously privately deeded properties in the United States. The original structure in the front dates to 1679, while the back half addition is dated to 1721;[19] these data have been verified using dendrochronology.
Peak House Peak House, Medfield MA.jpg Medfield, Massachusetts MA 1680 Residential One of the earliest surviving examples of Post-medieval English (Elizabethan) architecture in the United States. Was originally built in 1651 but was reconstructed after it was burned down during King Philip's War.
Paul Revere House Paul Revere House side view.jpg Boston MA 1680 c. Residential Oldest building in downtown Boston.[20]
William Penn Guest House New Castle DE 1680 c. Residential Oldest buildings in New Castle.[citation needed] Purportedly where William Penn lodged after first arrival in America.
Old Ship Church Old Ship Church Postcard.jpg Hingham MA 1681 Religious Oldest church in continuous ecclesiastical use in the United States; only remaining 17th century Puritan meeting house in America.[21]
St. Luke's Church Newport parish west facade.jpg Smithfield VA 1682 Religious Recent dendrochronology studies confirm the 1682 date of this National Historic Landmark.[22]
Wall House Wall house front.JPG Cheltenham Township PA 1682 Residential Possibly the oldest stone house in Pennsylvania. Built for Richard Wall, the founder of Cheltenham Township.
Third Haven Meeting House Thirdhaven.jpg Talbot County MD 1682 Religious Oldest Quaker meeting house in the United States.
Parson Capen House Parson Capen House - Topsfield, Massachusetts.JPG Topsfield MA 1683 Residential The house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[23] The Topsfield Historical Society currently operates it as a historic house museum.[24]
Caleb Pusey House ACalebPuseyHouse.JPG Upland PA 1683 Residential Only extant building known to have been visited by William Penn. Completed in 1696.
Old Indian Meeting House Old Indian Meetinghouse.jpg Mashpee MA 1684 Religious Oldest Native American church.
John Ward House John Ward House.jpg Salem MA 1684 Residential The John Ward House is a National Historic Landmark at 132 Essex Street in Salem, Massachusetts, located in the Downtown Salem District and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.
Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow Old Dutch Church, Sleepy Hollow, NY.jpg Sleepy Hollow NY 1685 Religious Oldest church in the State of New York.
Jethro Coffin House Jethro Coffin House, Sunset Hill, Nantucket (Nantucket County, Massachusetts).jpg Nantucket MA 1686 Residential Oldest house on Nantucket.[25] It was declared a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.[23][26]
William Murray House William Murray House.jpg Salem MA 1688 Residential A historic house at 39 Essex Street.
Wilbor House Wilbor House in Little Compton RI.jpg Little Compton RI 1690 Residential Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, the house serves as the headquarters of the Little Compton Historical Society.
Acadian House Acadian House Northwest View HABS 1936.jpg Guilford CT 1690 c. Residential The house gets its name after the Acadians who resided there following the 1755 Great Expulsion.[27]
Farmar Mill MathersMillPA.JPG Fort Washington PA 1690 c. Mill Oldest surviving mill in Pennsylvania.
Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm (front) - Newbury, Massachusetts.JPG Newbury MA 1690 c. Residential One of the oldest stone buildings in New England, now a nonprofit museum.
Hyland-Wildman House Hylandhouse guilfordct.jpg Guilford CT 1690–1710 c. Residential Open to the public since 1918.[28] Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.
Old Quaker Meeting House Old-quaker-house-flushing.jpg Flushing, Queens NY 1694 Religious The only surviving example in New York State of a typical 17th century ecclesiastical frame structure of medieval design.[29]
Pink House Pink-house-charleston-sc1.jpg Charleston SC 1694–1712 Residential Built by John Breton in the city's French Quarter, the house is one of the oldest buildings in South Carolina and the oldest building in Charleston.
Wren Building Rear view of the Wren Building, College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA (2008-04-23).jpg Williamsburg VA 1695 School Oldest school building in America, original The College of William & Mary structure.[30]
Merion Friends Meeting House Merion Friends Meeting House, 615 Montgomery Avenue (changed from Montgomery Avenue & Meetinghouse Lane), Merion Station (Montgomery County, Pennsylvania).jpg Merion Station PA 1695 Religious One of the oldest Quaker meeting houses in America.
Holy Trinity Church Old Swedes Front.JPG Wilmington DE 1698–9 Religious Oldest Swedish church in the United States. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[23]
Great Friends Meeting House Newport Friends Meetinghouse.JPG Newport RI 1699 Religious Expanded in 1730, 1807, 1857, and 1867 to accommodate the New England Yearly Meeting of Friends.
Hoyt-Barnum House Hoyt-BarnumHouse.jpg Stamford CT 1699 c. Residential The builder was a descendant of one of the original founders of Stamford. The structure is owned and maintained as a museum by the Stamford Historical Society.
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church Gloria Dei Church.jpg Philadelphia PA 1700 Religious Oldest surviving church in Philadelphia.
Edward Morgan Log House Morgan Log House.jpg Towamencin PA 1700 Residential Home to the maternal grandfather of Daniel Boone.
Buttolph-Williams House Buttolph-Williams House.jpg Wethersfield CT 1711 Residential One of the oldest surviving homes in Wethersfield, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1968.[31]
The Powder Magazine PowderMagazine.jpg Charleston SC 1713 Government Oldest public building in South Carolina. The Powder Magazine Museum.
Old State House Old State House Boston Massachusetts2.jpg Boston MA 1713 Government Oldest surviving public building in Boston. The Bostonian Society Museum.
Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy NJ 1714–7 Government Oldest city hall in USA.
Massachusetts Hall Harvard University Old Hall.jpg Cambridge MA 1718–20 School Oldest extant building at Harvard University.
Garretson Forge and Farm PeterGarretsonFarmhouse.jpg Fair Lawn NJ 1720 Residential One of the oldest homes in Bergen County, New Jersey.
Wayside Cottage Scarsdale NY 1720 c. Residential One of the oldest houses in Westchester County, NY. Owned and operated by the Junior League of Central Westchester.
Gonzalez-Alvarez House St Aug NHL Gonzalez-Alvarez01.jpg St. Augustine FL 1723 c. Residential Oldest house in St. Augustine, the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.[32]
Alamo Mission Long Barracks Alamo 1920.jpg San Antonio TX 1724 c. Religious The Alamo Chapel and Priests quarters and convent (Long Barracks) in San Antonio. In the center of the surrounding area are the remains of the "Long Barracks" which were constructed 20 years before the Chapel. Founded in 1718 and moved to present site 1724.
Reuben Brown House ReubenBrownHouse.JPG Concord MA 1725 Residential Built in 1725 by the town saddler, Reuben Brown. There is also a strong tradition that the house was the home of Peter Bulkeley, which is why the house is often referred to as the Peter Bulkeley / Reuben Brown House. The evidence is still unclear whether or not the Bulkeleys did build the house some 300 years ago. What historians can conclude, however, is that the house was either completely updated or built by Reuben Brown in 1725, since most of the house's present features are typical of houses from 1700 to 1730.
Fort Niagara French castle at Fort Niagara 2.JPG Youngstown NY 1726 Fortification Built in 1726 by the French as a "house of peace". Taken by the British in 1759, the fledgling United States regained control by treaty in 1796. It was lost to the British in 1813, but was relinquished as a result of the Treaty of Ghent, and has remained in the hands of the United States ever since.
48 Hudson Avenue 48 Hudson Ave Albany.jpg Albany NY 1728 Oldest stand-alone structure in Albany
Findowrie Albemarle County VA 1730 Residential Claimed as the oldest unaltered residence in Virginia.[citation needed]
Ephrata Cloister Ephrata cloister.jpg Lancaster County PA 1732 Religious Last surviving resident of the Ephrata Cloister religious community died on July 27, 2008, at the age of 98.
Quackenbush House Quackenbush House 2011 1.jpg Albany NY 1736 Until recently considered the oldest house and structure in the city of Albany and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Currently the location of the The Olde English Pub & Pantry.
Oxford Furnace Oxford Furnace.jpg Oxford Township NJ 1741 Furnace First hot blast furnace in the United States.
Fort Matanzas Ft Matanzas 2008.JPG St. Johns County FL 1740–2 Presidio Designated a United States National Monument on October 15, 1924.[33]
Old Ursuline Convent Chartres14Jan2008UrsulineConvent.jpg New Orleans LA 1748 (or 1752) Religious Considered the oldest building in Louisiana.[26]
Presidio La Bahía Presidio La Bahía.jpg Goliad TX 1749 Presidio The best preserved Spanish presidio in the United States.
Mount Holly Firehouse Old firehouse mt holly.jpg Mount Holly NJ 1752 Firehouse Oldest firehouse in the USA, established by what is now the oldest continuously operating volunteer fire department in the USA.[34][35]
Fort de Chartres Powder Magazine Fort de Chartres powder magazine 1-02Aug07.jpg Prairie du Rocher IL 1753–1756 Government Oldest building in Illinois.[36]
Proprietary House ProprietaryHousePerthAmboy.JPG Perth Amboy NJ 1762 Government Oldest remaining colonial proprietary governor's residence in the original Thirteen States.
Touro Synagogue Touro external.png Newport RI 1763 Religious Oldest synagogue building in the United States.[37]
Fort Pitt Blockhouse Bouquet blockhouse.JPG Pittsburgh PA 1764 Government Oldest structure in Pittsburgh. One of the oldest colonial structures west of the Allegheny mountains.
Sandy Hook Light SH Light crop.jpg Sandy Hook NJ 1764 Lighthouse Oldest original lighthouse in USA.
Maryland State House 1Maryland State Capitol Bldg..JPG Annapolis MD 1772 Government Oldest state house in continuous use in the United States.
Mission San Juan Capistrano MSJC by John Gutzon-Borglum.jpg San Juan Capistrano CA 1776 Mission Oldest surviving building in California.
Joel Eddins House Huntsville AL 1808 Residential Possibly the oldest surviving building in Alabama.[38]
Burlington County Prison Burlington County Prison, 128 High Street, Mount Holly (Burlington County, New Jersey).jpg Mount Holly NJ 1811 Prison Possibly oldest prison building, which operated from 1811 to 1965.
Cataldo Mission Cataldo Church.JPG Cataldo ID 1848 Mission Oldest standing building in Idaho.
Louisville Water Tower Louisville water tower.jpg Louisville KY 1856 Public Utility Oldest ornamental water tower in the world.
Fort Misery SHARLOT HALL MUSEUM.jpg Prescott AZ 1865 c. Cabin/Fort

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About - taospueblo.com". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  2. ^ "Old Santa Fe: A Brief Review of History, 1536-1912" by James J. Raciti (2003) pg. 38
  3. ^ "San Miguel Mission". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  4. ^ "Old Donation Church Old Homes". Retrieved 2014-06-25. 
  5. ^ Elsie Lathrop "Historic Houses of Early America" (Kessinger, New York: 2006) pg. 218 (accessed on Google Book Search)". 
  6. ^ [Elsie Lathrop "Historic Houses of Early America" (Kessinger, New York: 2006) pg. 305 (accessed on Google Book Search)]
  7. ^ "Historic Churches of America" - Page 8 by Nellie Urner Wallington (1907)
  8. ^ "National Park Service - Explorers and Settlers (Pennsylvania)". Nps.gov. 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  9. ^ "Guide to New York City Landmarks" - Page 270 by Andrew Dolkart, Matthew A. Postal (2003)
  10. ^ "Directory of Historic House Museums in the United States" Page 209 by Patricia Chambers Walker, Thomas Graham (1999)
  11. ^ "The Pilgrim John Howland Society - The Jabez Howland House". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  12. ^ William F. McNeil, "Visitors to Ancient America" (McFarland: 2004), 78.
  13. ^ Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America - Page 1036 by James D. Kornwolf, Georgiana Wallis Kornwolf (2002)
  14. ^ "Old Trinity Church HABS MD No. 201". Historic American Buildings Survey. US National Park Service. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "The Jonathan Corwin House (1675) | Historic Buildings of Massachusetts". Mass.historicbuildingsct.com. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  16. ^ "The Witch House (Jonathan Corwin House), Salem, Massachusetts". Salemweb.com. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  17. ^ "City of Salem, MA - The Witch House". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  18. ^ "Home". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  19. ^ a b "The Salem News".  Retrieved on December 31, 2011.
  20. ^ "The Paul Revere House". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  21. ^ National Park Service description of Old Ship Church
  22. ^ "Modern Perspectives in Western Art History: An Anthology - Page 315 by W. Eugene Kleinbauer, Medieval Academy of America - 1989
  23. ^ a b c "Parson Capen House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  24. ^ "Parson Capen House". Topsfield Historical Society. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  25. ^ Oldest House of the Nantucket Historical Association
  26. ^ a b Patricia Heintzelman and Charles Snell (January 23, 1975). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Jethro Coffin House PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying five photos, exterior and interior, historic and from 1974 PDF (32 KB)
  27. ^ Acadians-Guilford, Albert Lafreniere website retrieved on 2009-05-13
  28. ^ Hyland House website retrieved on 2009-05-11 Hyland House
  29. ^ National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, 1970
  30. ^ "The Wren Building". College of William & Mary. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  31. ^ "Buttolph-Williams House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  32. ^ "Oldest House Museum". Florida Heritage Tourism Interactive Catalog. Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs. 2007-09-23. 
  33. ^ Luis R. Arana; Jean Parker Waterbury (1999). Defenses and Defenders at St. Augustine: A Collection of Writings. St. Augustine Historial Society. p. 145. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  34. ^ "Mount Holly Fire Department". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  35. ^ "Oldest Operating Department | FireHistory.org". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  36. ^ "Fort de Chartres - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  37. ^ Pencak, William (2005). Jews & Gentiles in Early America: 1654–1800. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press., pg. 92, 95 ISBN 0-472-11454-9.
  38. ^ http://www.burrittonthemountain.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=37&Itemid=124&limitstart=12/

External links[edit]