Oldham County, Texas
|Oldham County, Texas|
Oldham County Courthouse, Vega, Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|• Total||1,501 sq mi (3,888 km2)|
|• Land||1,501 sq mi (3,888 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.06%|
|• Density||3/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Oldham County was formed in 1876 and organized in 1880, and named for Williamson Simpson Oldham, a Texas pioneer and Confederate Senator. At the time of its organization, nearly the entire county was a part of the XIT Ranch. The county seat was originally at the town of Tascosa, which in the 1880s was one of the largest towns in the Panhandle. As the railroads came through the county, however, they bypassed Tascosa; several new towns and farms sprang up along the rail lines, and by 1915 Tascosa had a courthouse and almost no residents; the county seat was moved to Vega, Texas that year.
In 1902, the Matador Ranch acquired the 210,000 acres (850 km2) Alamositas Ranch in Oldham County. At its peak, the Matador owned 90,000 cattle and had title to 879,000 acres (3,560 km2) of land in parts of four Texas counties.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,501.4 square miles (3,888.6 km2), of which 1,500.5 square miles (3,886.3 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) is water. A southern strip of the county, including the county seat Vega, is located on top of the Llano Estacado (Staked Plains). The next approximately 12 miles slope down to the Canadian River. The former county seat of Tascosa is located at a crossing of the Canadian River north of Vega. The terrain then slopes up from the Canadian River, passing the county line at approximately 6 miles and reaching the top of the High Plains a further four miles north.
- Hartley County (north)
- Moore County (northeast)
- Potter County (east)
- Deaf Smith County (south)
- Quay County, New Mexico (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,185 people, 735 households, and 565 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 815 housing units at an average density of 0 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.66% White, 1.88% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 4.62% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 11.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 735 households out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.00% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county, the population was spread out with 35.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 108.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,713, and the median income for a family was $39,091. Males had a median income of $26,845 versus $20,185 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,806. About 10.50% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.
- W. D. Twichell, surveyor and civil engineer
Magnolia Station, a U.S. Route 66 roadside attraction near the Oldham County Courthouse in Vega
Chamber of Commerce office and emblem in Vega
Wildorado Wind Ranch in Oldham County as photographed from Route 385
- List of museums in the Texas Panhandle
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Oldham County, Texas
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Nolan, Frederick. (2007) Tascosa: It's Life and Guady Times. Texas Tech University Press 
- "Matador Ranch," Historical marker, Texas Historical Commission, Motley County, Texas
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Oldham County government's website
- Oldham County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Oldham County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
||Hartley County||Moore County|
|Quay County, New Mexico||Potter County|
|Deaf Smith County|