Oldham by-election, 1911

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A byelection was held in the Oldham constituency in 1911 to fill a vacancy in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Vacancy[edit]

Alfred Emmott had been Liberal MP for dual member Oldham since gaining a seat from the Conservatives in 1899. He was appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies by H. H. Asquith and the following month he was raised to the peerage as Baron Emmott, of Oldham in the County Palatine of Lancaster.[1]

Electoral history[edit]

This was the result at the previous General Election;

General Election December 1910: Oldham[2]

Electorate 34,617

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Alfred Emmott 17,108 28.2
Liberal Andrew William Barton 16,941 27.9
Conservative Arthur Edward Wrigley 13,440 22.1
Conservative Edmund Robert Bartley Denniss 13,281 21.9
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
Bartley-Denniss
Arthur Stanley in 1915

Candidates[edit]

The Liberal candidate chosen to defend the seat was Arthur Stanley. He had been Liberal MP for Eddisbury, Cheshire until losing to the Conservastives in January 1910. He had lost there again in December 1910. His sister, Venetia Stanley, was a close correspondent of the Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal party, H. H. Asquith.[3]

The Conservative candidate was Edmund Bartley-Denniss who had stood here in December 1910. His only connection with the area was the fact that his father-in-law had recently been Mayor of Oldham.[4]

The Labour party, who had never previously stood a candidate here, intervened in the contest, choosing William Cornforth Robinson as their candidate. He was General Secretary of the Amalgamated Association of Beamers, Twisters and Drawers and President of the United Textile Factory Workers Association. His candidature was significant given the large number of textile workers resident in the constituency.[5] Since 1906, most dual member constituencies in industrialised towns had seen one Liberal and one Labour candidate run in harness against two Unionists. Oldham had been an exception to this with two Liberals running. The Labour Party national leadership were therefore keen to see this practice extended to Oldham and were happy to back the locally chosen Labour candidate.

Campaign[edit]

Polling Day was set for the 13th November.

Result[edit]

The Conservatives gained the seat. The Labour intervention had proved crucial in denying the Liberal victory.

Oldham by-election, 1911[6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edmund Robert Bartley Denniss 12,255 40.4
Liberal Hon. Arthur Lyulph Stanley 10,623 35.0
Labour William Cornforth Robinson 7,448 24.6
Majority
Turnout 85.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Aftermath[edit]

A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election. (Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.) Despite Labour finishing third, their candidate had done well enough to support a claim to run in tandem with a Liberal in future, which is why only one Liberal candidate was in place. Robinson was fortunate enough to have his candidacy sponsored by the UTFWA.

General Election 1914/15: Oldham

Electorate 37,953

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Andrew William Barton
Labour William Cornforth Robinson
Unionist Edmund Robert Bartley Denniss
General Election 14 December 1918: Oldham[7]

Electorate 71,378

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 26,586
Liberal 26,254
Labour William Cornforth Robinson 15,178
Liberal Walter Russell Rea 9,323
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
  • Barton and Denniss were the endorsed candidates of the Coalition Government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who's Who: www.ukwhoswho.com
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1974). British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  3. ^ Who's Who: www.ukwhoswho.com
  4. ^ Who's Who: www.ukwhoswho.com
  5. ^ Who's Who: www.ukwhoswho.com
  6. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1974). British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1974). British parliamentary election results 1885-1918