Oldsmobile Curved Dash

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Oldsmobile Runabout
Oldsmobile Curved Dash Runabout 1904 2.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Oldsmobile
Production 1901–1907
About 19000 built
Body and chassis
Class Entry-level car
Body style Runabout
Powertrain
Engine 95 cu in (1,560 cc) horizontal one-cylinder[1]
Transmission Planetary 2-speed
In My Merry Oldsmobile songbook featuring an Oldsmobile Curved Dash automobile

The gasoline powered Curved Dash Oldsmobile is credited as being the first mass-produced automobile, meaning that it was built on an assembly line using interchangeable parts. It was introduced by the Oldsmobile company in 1901 and produced through 1907. 425[2] examples were produced the first year, 2,500 in 1902, with over 19,000 built in all.[3]

It was a runabout model, could seat two passengers, and sold for US$650. While competitive, due to high volume, and below the Ford US$850 "Doctor's Car",[4] Western in 1905 produced the Gale Model A roadster at US$500, the Black went as low as $375,[5] and the Success hit the amazingly low US$250.[6]

The flat-mounted water-cooled single-cylinder engine, situated at the center of the car, produced 5 hp (3.7 kW),[1] relying on a brass gravity feed carburetor. The transmission was a semi-automatic design with two forward speeds and one reverse. The low-speed forward and reverse gear system are a planetary type (epicyclic). The car weighed 850 lb (390 kg) and used Concord springs.[citation needed] It had a top speed of 20 mph (32 km/h).[7]

The car’s success was partially by accident — in 1901 a fire destroyed a number of other models before they were approved for production, leaving the Curved Dash the only one intact.[8]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rogliatti 1973, pp. 270–271.
  2. ^ Posthumus 1977, p. 48.
  3. ^ Georgano 1985, p. [page needed]
  4. ^ Clymer 1950, p. 37.
  5. ^ Clymer 1950, p. 61.
  6. ^ Clymer 1950, p. 32.
  7. ^ Sedgwick 1962, p. 36.
  8. ^ Wright 2000.

References[edit]

  • Clymer, Floyd (1950). Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. New York, NY US: Bonanza Books. 
  • Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly (January, 1904)
  • Georgano, G. N. (1985). Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. London, UK: Grange-Universal. 
  • Posthumus, Cyril (1977) [1977]. "The Motoring Boom". The story of Veteran & Vintage Cars. John Wood, illustrator (Phoebus 1977 ed.). London: Hamlyn / Phoebus. pp. 36–49. ISBN 0-600-39155-8. "The 1901 output was 425 cars, and this figure rose to 2100 in 1902, 3750 in 1903, and 5000 in 1904." 
  • Rogliatti, Gianni (1973). Posthumus, Cyril, ed. Period Cars. Feltham, Middlesex, UK: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-33401-5. 
  • Sedgwick, Michael (1962). Early Cars. Putnam. 
  • Wright, Richard A. (2000-03-08). "detnews.com | Michigan History". Apps.detnews.com. Archived from the original on 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 

External links[edit]