Ole Einar Bjørndalen
|Ole Einar Bjørndalen|
|Full name||Ole Einar Bjørndalen|
27 January 1974 |
Drammen, Buskerud, Norway
|Height||178 cm (5 ft 10 in)|
|Overall titles||6 (1997–98, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2008–09)|
|Updated on 18 February 2014.|
Ole Einar Bjørndalen (born 27 January 1974) is a Norwegian professional biathlete, often referred to by the nickname "The King of Biathlon". He is the most medaled Olympian in the history of the Winter Olympic Games, with 13 medals. He is also the most successful biathlete of all time at the Biathlon World Championships, having won 39 medals, almost double that of any other biathlete. With 94 World Cup wins, Bjørndalen is ranked first all-time for career victories on the Biathlon World Cup tour, more than twice that of anyone else. He has won the Overall World Cup title six times, in 1997–98, in 2002–03, in 2004–05, in 2005–06, in 2007–08 and in 2008–09, more than any other male biathlete and the same as female record holder Magdalena Forsberg.
In 1992, he won his first career medal at the junior world championships. A year later in 1993, after winning a record three junior world championship titles, Bjørndalen made his Biathlon World Cup debut. His breakthrough came in 1994 when he featured on his first World Cup podium in a sprint race held in Bad Gastein, Austria. Bjørndalen first competed in the Olympic Games at the Lillehammer 1994 Winter Olympics, held in his home country of Norway. He obtained his first major victory on 11 January 1996 in an individual competition held in Antholz-Anterselva, Italy. On 20 February 2014, Bjørndalen was elected to an eight-year term at the International Olympic Committee's athlete commission.
- 1 Career
- 2 Personal life
- 3 Awards and honors
- 4 Worldcup Cross Country
- 5 FIS events, Olympic Winter Games, cross country
- 6 Other victories
- 7 Results
- 8 Shooting
- 9 Equipment
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In 1993, at the age of 19, Bjørndalen became the first biathlete ever to win a grand slam by winning all three gold medals on the Junior Biathlon World Championships. As of 19 February 2014, Bjørndalen has won eight Olympic gold medals, four Olympic silver, one Olympic bronze, nineteen World Championship gold medals, eleven silver, and nine bronze, and a record high of 94 individual Biathlon World Cup wins, the most of any biathlete to date. He has won the World Cup six times (1997–98, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2007–08, and 2008–09), finished second six times (1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2003–04, and 2006–07), and third once (2001–02). In his first season (1992–93) he finished 62nd, the season after, 30th and the season after that, 4th. When winning the overall world cup in 1998, at the age of 24, he won every event in biathlon in one season – world championships gold medal, Olympic gold medal and the overall World Cup title. His World Cup podium record is 170 podium finishes, 94 1st places, 49 2nd places, and 27 3rd places in the individual events. Bjørndalen has 1 World Cup victory in the team event. In relay Bjørndalen has won 31 races, he has also 19 2nd places and 12 3rd.places. In total he has 62 podium finishes in the world cup, relay event. OEB has 233 World cup podium finishes, individual, team and relay races combined. He is the only biathlete ever to win all biathlon events in a single Winter Olympics (2002 Salt Lake City Games). This encompassed the sprint, pursuit, individual, and relay events, the latter together with three other participants. Bjørndalen's 94 biathlon World Cup victories and one cross-country victory is four behind of Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann's record of 98 World Cup victories for a winter sport athlete.
Bjørndalen occasionally competes in cross-country skiing, and in 2006 he won an FIS Cross-Country World Cup race in Gällivare, Sweden, to become the first male biathlete to win a cross-country competition. He is also the only biathlete who has won every event during the same Winter Olympic Games (four gold medals). He achieved this feat at the Salt Lake City 2002 Winter Olympics, becoming the most successful athlete there. This makes him one of only three Olympians to win four gold medals during the same Winter Games. He repeated this medal haul at the Biathlon World Championships 2005 in Hochfilzen, Austria and at the Biathlon World Championships 2009 in Pyeongchang, South Korea.
At the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics, Bjørndalen became the most successful biathlete in Winter Olympic history by surpassing the previous record of nine career Olympic medals, which he shared with Uschi Disl of Germany. He then anchored Norway to gold in the 4 × 7.5 km relay. This was the second time that Norway had won a title in this event, with the other being at the 2002 Winter Olympics (also anchored by Bjørndalen). With this victory he became the second most decorated Winter Olympian of all time and one of only two athletes to win 11 medals at the Winter Olympics. With his gold medal in 10 km sprint at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics, he tied fellow Norwegian Bjørn Dæhlie for most Winter Olympic medals, with 12 in total.
As of February 19, 2014, Bjørndalen has won eight Olympic gold medals, four silver and a bronze. He has also won 19 World Championship gold medals, 11 silver and nine bronze (more than anybody in biathlon history), along with a record 94 World Cup victories in Biathlon an 1 World Cup victory in Cross Country skiing, 170 podium finishes in Biathlon and 3 in Cross Country skiing. He also finished in the top three of the Overall World Cup rankings for a record thirteen successive seasons between the 1996–97 and 2008–09 seasons. In total Ole Einar Bjørndalen has won 44 Norwegian Championship gold medals. He has won 30 gold medals in the Norwegian Championship, biathlon, winter event: 20 individual gold medals: individual (4), sprint (6), pursuit (6), mass start (4) and 10 gold medals in relay and the team event: relay (8) and team (2). Bjørndalen has also achieved 14 individual gold medals in the Norwegian Championship, biathlon, summer event: sprint (7) and pursuit (7).
2005–06 World Cup season
|2005–06 World Cup season results|
|No.||World Cup location||Individual||Sprint||Pursuit||Mass start||Relay||Mixed relay|
|Key:"—" denotes discipline not held; DNS—Did not start.|
Bjørndalen finished the 2005–06 International Biathlon Union World Cup season in first place, with Frenchman Raphaël Poirée in second place and German Sven Fischer in third. Bjørndalen lay in third place in the standings going into the last three races of the season in Holmenkollen, with Poirée in first, and Fischer in second. However, Bjørndalen won all three races, giving him six victories in the last eight races, and clinching the crystal globe. He also won the pursuit, and the mass start title, and came second in the individual and the sprint. In the pursuit he finished ahead of Fischer by 54 points, and 29 points ahead of Poirée in the mass start. In the individual he finished 41 points behind Michael Greis, and in the sprint he was 5 points behind Tomasz Sikora. Norway finished fourth in the relay.
Bjørndalen closed out the season by winning all three events (sprint, pursuit, and mass start) at the Holmenkollen ski festival biathlon competition. This put his career victories at the ski events to five, having won once both in 2003 (pursuit) and in 2004 (sprint).
2006–07 World Cup season
|2006–07 World Cup season results|
|No.||World Cup location||Individual||Sprint||Pursuit||Mass start||Relay||Mixed relay|
|*Two sprints were held in Hochfilzen, Bjoerndalen did not enter either.
Key:"—" denotes discipline not held; DNS—Did not start; WCH—World Championships
Bjørndalen made a perfect start to the season, winning all of the first five races in Östersund and Hochfilzen. In the fifth race of the season, the pursuit race in Hochfilzen, he won with one of his largest margins ever, more than 2 minutes. On 30 December 2006 Bjørndalen took part in the Biathlon World Team Challenge in Gelsenkirchen in the Veltins Arena. In front of about 51,000 people he won it for fourth time in a row. His partner for second consecutive time was Linda Grubben. They both left their rivals, the Robert family, more than one minute behind.
In Oberhof, coming down from training in the heights, Bjørndalen performed below standard for the season, and finishing only 30th and 5th in the individual competitions. In Ruhpolding he led his team-mates to victory in the relay event. He won the two following individual competitions. After competing in the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Sapporo 2007, he missed several Biathlon World Cup events; after missing eight competitions altogether Bjørndalen finished second in the overall standings, after German Michael Greis.
2008–09 World Cup season
|2008–09 World Cup season results|
|No.||World Cup location||Individual||Sprint||Pursuit||Mass start||Relay||Mixed relay|
|WCH||Pyeongchang, South Korea||1||1||1||4||1||4|
|Key:"—" denotes discipline not held; DNS—Did not start; WCH—World Championships|
Bjørndalen started off the season suffering from the effects of long-term illness, but still placed second in both of the pursuit events. He missed the Biathlon World Team Challenge in Gelsenkirchen, focusing on training instead. After the break, he returned with victories in both the sprint and pursuit events in Ruhpolding and a third place in the mass start in Oberhof.
At the Biathlon World Championships 2009 in Pyeongchang, during the men's 12.5 km pursuit, Bjørndalen with at least 15 other competitors accidentally skied the wrong way at the start of the first lap due to the bad marking. Just after leaving the start, the athletes skied over a bridge instead of skiing beside it, which was the right way. A jury meeting decided to give all these athletes a one minute time penalty, following a complaint from the Russian team. However, another complaint by seven other member states led to the Appeal Jury reverting to the original result. Along with Bjørndalen's first ever 20 km individual World Championship title, he won four out of six possible gold medals (10 km sprint, 12.5 km pursuit, 20 km individual and the 4 × 7.5 km relay).
After the World Championships Bjørndalen came second in the sprint in Vancouver, he took over the world cup overall lead. He followed up with a second place, and two victories at the events in Granåsen, Trondheim (the latter being a mass start where he shot clean). He secured his sixth overall win in the last sprint of the season, in Khanty-Mansiysk where he placed second. In the following event (a pursuit), he was beaten at the finish line by teammate Emil Hegle Svendsen, but won the pursuit cup.
Bjørndalen resides in the village of Obertilliach, Austria. He also used to live in Toblach, Italy, with Italian-Belgian biathlete Nathalie Santer. They started dating in 1998 and married on 27 May 2006. On 4 October 2012 they filed for divorce on mutual agreement.
Awards and honors
Ole Einar Bjørndalen was named the Norwegian Sportsperson of the Year in 2002. For his accomplishments in biathlon and cross-country skiing, Bjørndalen received the Egebergs Ærespris in 2002. In 2008, a nearly three meter tall bronze statue of Bjørndalen, created by sculptor Kirsten Kokkin, was erected in his hometown of Simostranda, Norway. In March 2011, he, Michael Greis and Andrea Henkel were awarded the Holmenkollen Medal, the first biathletes to receive the medal. In November 2014 Bjørndalen was awarded, the best male athlete at the Olympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi by the Association des Comités Nationaux Olympiques 
Worldcup Cross Country
Bjørndalen first participated in the worldcup cross country in Finland at the 10 kilometer skating event in a smal town called Muonio in November 1998. His position was number 23 in this race. His first podium place in the world cup cross country came in Kuopio 25th of November 2001. OEB came in 2nd place in the 10 km skating event. One month later he once again came in 2nd place, this time he lost to Per Elofsson in the 30 km skating mass-start event in Ramsau, Austria. 18th of November 2006 OEB made history by becoming the first biathlist to win a world cup event in cross country in the Swedish town Gällivare. Bjørndalen won the 15 km skating event. In 2007 his fellow country man, and fellow biathlist Lars Berger won the 15 km, cross country event at the World Championship in 2007. OEB has been on the podium twice in relay in the world cup in cross country for his country, Norway. First time was in Beitostølen in 2003, he became 3rd. Second time he came on the podium was in La Clusaz in France in 2006, he came in 2nd place.
FIS events, Olympic Winter Games, cross country
Ole Einar Bjørndalen has won FIS events in cross country twice. First time in 1997 on the 30 kilometer skating event in Valdres, Norway. The second time he won was in the 10 km skating event in Beitostølen, Norway in 2006. He has also two 2nd places in a FIS-event. First time he came in second place was at the 15 km skating event in Misurina, Italia, 1998. Second time he came in second place was at the 10 km skating event at Beitostølen in 2004. In addition to this, Bjørndalen has one third place in the FIS event at Beitostølen in 2001, 10 km skating. Ole Einar Bjørndalen became 5th in the Olympic Winter Games in the cross country event, 30 km skating in Salt Lake City, the 9th of February 2002.
Ole Einar Bjørndalen won the Beach Volley Ball Championship at Laguna Beach in 2001  Bjørndalen has won 4 times at the show event in Gelsenkirchen (Schalke 04 arena), in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006. Ole Einar Bjørndalen has achieved 2nd place in the 2003 Dobbiaco-Cortina, a longdistance cross country skiing event, (42 km) in Italy in the town Cortina. He won his 2nd place in the 26th edition of this prestigious event. OEB was only beaten by Costantin Pierluigi from Italy. Pierluigi winner time was 1 hour 43 minutes and 16,5 seconds. Ole Einar came halv a second shy of the winner time. Bjørndalen has also won the biathlon show-event in Püttlingen in 2008 together with Kati Wilhelm. OEB has achieved these podium places in the biathlon show-event in Püttlingen: 1st in 2008 (together with Kati Wilhelm), 2nd in 2011 (together with Magdalena Neuner) and 3rd place in 2005 (together with Nathalie Santer, his former wife.) and 2010 (together with Sabrina Buchholz).
13 medals (8 gold, 4 silver, 1 bronze)
|Event||Individual||Sprint||Pursuit||Mass start||Relay||Mixed relay|
|2002 Salt Lake City||Gold||Gold||Gold||N/A||Gold||N/A|
- *Pursuit was first added in 2002, mass start in 2006 and the mixed relay in 2014.
39 medals (19 gold, 11 silver, 9 bronze)
|Event||Individual||Sprint||Pursuit||Mass start||Team||Relay||Mixed relay|
|2013 Nové Město||25th||4th||10th||24th||N/A||Gold||—|
- *Team was removed as an event in 1998, and pursuit was added in 1997 with mass start being added in 1999 and the mixed relay in 2005.
|Result||Individual||Sprint||Pursuit||Mass start||Relay||Mixed relay||Total|
- *Results in all IBU World Cup races.
Junior/Youth World Championships
- *Pursuit was added as an event in the 1996-97 season, and mass start was added in the 1998-99 season.
94 victories (36 Sp, 37 Pu, 7 In, 14 MS)
|11 January 1996||Antholz-Anterselva||20 km individual||Biathlon World Cup|
(2 Sp, 1 Pu)
|4 January 1997||Oberhof||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|5 January 1997||Oberhof||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|11 January 1997||Ruhpolding||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|17 January 1998||Antholz-Anterselva||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|18 February 1998||Nagano-Nozawa Onsen||10 km sprint||Winter Olympic Games|
(1 Sp. 2 Pu)
|11 December 1998||Hochfilzen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|9 January 1999||Oberhof||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|23 January 1999||Antholz-Anterselva||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
(1 Sp, 3 Pu, 1 In)
|2 December 1999||Hochfilzen||20 km individual||Biathlon World Cup|
|4 December 1999||Hochfilzen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|6 January 2000||Oberhof||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|7 January 2000||Oberhof||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|22 January 2000||Antholz-Anterselva||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
(4 Sp, 2 Pu, 1 In, 1 MS)
|1 December 2000||Hochfilzen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|17 December 2000||Brezno-Osrblie||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|12 January 2001||Ruhpolding||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|18 January 2001||Antholz-Anterselva||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|21 January 2001||Antholz-Anterselva||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|28 February 2001||Salt Lake City||20 km individual||Biathlon World Cup|
|2 March 2001||Salt Lake City||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|3 March 2001||Salt Lake City||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
(2 Sp, 2 Pu, 1 In)
|6 December 2001||Hochfilzen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|9 December 2001||Hochfilzen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|11 February 2002||Salt Lake City||20 km individual||Winter Olympic Games|
|13 February 2002||Salt Lake City||10 km sprint||Winter Olympic Games|
|16 February 2002||Salt Lake City||12.5 km pursuit||Winter Olympic Games|
(4 Sp, 4 Pu, 3 MS)
|8 December 2002||Östersund||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|14 December 2002||Pokljuka||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|15 December 2002||Pokljuka||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|9 January 2003||Oberhof||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|12 January 2003||Oberhof||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|18 January 2003||Ruhpolding||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|19 January 2003||Ruhpolding||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|9 February 2003||Lahti||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|16 February 2003||Oslo Holmenkollen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|15 March 2003||Khanty-Mansiysk||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Championships|
|23 March 2003||Khanty-Mansiysk||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Championships|
(1 Sp, 4 Pu)
|4 December 2003||Kontiolahti||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|7 December 2003||Kontiolahti||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|14 December 2003||Hochfilzen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|10 January 2004||Pokljuka||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|18 January 2004||Ruhpolding||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
(5 Sp, 4 Pu, 1 In, 2 MS)
|2 December 2004||Beitostølen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|11 December 2004||Oslo Holmenkollen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|15 January 2005||Ruhpolding||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|16 January 2005||Ruhpolding||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|19 January 2005||Antholz-Anterselva||20 km individual||Biathlon World Cup|
|21 January 2005||Antholz-Anterselva||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|23 January 2005||Antholz-Anterselva||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|20 February 2005||Pokljuka||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|5 March 2005||Hochfilzen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Championships|
|6 March 2005||Hochfilzen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Championships|
|13 March 2005||Hochfilzen||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Championships|
|17 March 2005||Khanty-Mansiysk||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
(2 Sp, 4 Pu, 2 MS)
|27 November 2005||Östersund||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|22 January 2006||Antholz-Anterselva||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|8 March 2006||Pokljuka||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|11 March 2006||Pokljuka||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|18 March 2006||Kontiolahti||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|23 March 2006||Oslo Holmenkollen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|25 March 2006||Oslo Holmenkollen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|26 March 2006||Oslo Holmenkollen||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
(4 Sp, 4 Pu, 1 In, 2 MS)
|30 November 2006||Östersund||20 km individual||Biathlon World Cup|
|2 December 2006||Östersund||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|3 December 2006||Östersund||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|8 December 2006||Hochfilzen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|9 December 2006||Hochfilzen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|13 January 2007||Ruhpolding||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|14 January 2007||Ruhpolding||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|3 February 2007||Antholz-Anterselva||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Championships|
|4 February 2007||Antholz-Anterselva||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Championships|
|10 March 2007||Oslo Holmenkollen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|11 March 2007||Oslo Holmenkollen||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
(3 Sp, 2 Pu, 2 MS)
|1 December 2007||Kontiolahti||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|8 December 2007||Hochfilzen||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|15 December 2007||Pokljuka||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|6 January 2008||Oberhof||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|20 January 2008||Antholz-Anterselva||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|10 February 2008||Östersund||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Championships|
|6 March 2008||Khanty-Mansiysk||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
(2 Sp, 3 Pu, 1 In, 1 MS)
|17 January 2009||Ruhpolding||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|18 January 2009||Ruhpolding||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|14 February 2009||Pyeongchang||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Championships|
|15 February 2009||Pyeongchang||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Championships|
|17 February 2009||Pyeongchang||20 km individual||Biathlon World Championships|
|21 March 2009||Trondheim||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|22 March 2009||Trondheim||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
(2 Sp, 1 MS)
|5 December 2009||Östersund||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|11 December 2009||Hochfilzen||10 km sprint||Biathlon World Cup|
|10 January 2010||Oberhof||15 km mass start||Biathlon World Cup|
|5 December 2010||Östersund||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|12 February 2012||Kontiolahti||12.5 km pursuit||Biathlon World Cup|
|8 February 2014||Sochi||10 km sprint||Winter Olympic Games|
- *Results are from IBU races which include the Biathlon World Cup, Biathlon World Championships and the Winter Olympic Games.
|2006/07||2.||11 + 1|
|Total||6 victories||94 + 1|
Bjørndalen is a solid shooter, but is generally outside the top twenty marksmen. Bjørndalen finished the 2005–06 season with a shooting percentage of 84%, hitting 292 out of 345 possible targets, that placed him in 36th position for shooting accuracy. His shooting record for both prone and standing were practically identical, 146/172 in the prone and 146/173 in the standing position. In the individual disciplines, he shot 92% in the individual, 89% in the sprint, 96% in the pursuit, 93% in the mass start and 96% in the relay.
In the 2004–05 season Bjørndalen was the 16th best shot with an 85% success rate, the second best Norwegian behind Egil Gjelland. He hit 331 targets out of a possible 364. His prone like most biathletes was much better than his standing shoot, he hit 169/180 (92%) in the prone and 163/184 (81%) in the standing. He had an average of 88% in the individual, sprint and relay, a 91% hit rate in the mass start but only 79% in the pursuit. During his career in 1999/00 he averaged 82%, in 2000–01 78%, 2001–02 74%, 2002–03 86% and in 2003–04 he hit 80% of the targets, however in those five years his standing shoot was the same or better than his prone shoot. In comparison his greatest rival Raphaël Poirée averaged 87% in 2004–05 and 86% in 2005–06. Nikolay Kruglov was the best shot in 2004–05 with a 91% success rate, with Ricco Groß in second with 89%, and in 2005 Julien Robert was best with a 93% average and Groß again second with 91%.
Statistics sourced from the International Biathlon Union.
During the off-season in 2006 Bjørndalen was testing a new ski boot that had a high heel in the Torsby ski tunnel with boot manufacturers Madshus. The theory is that it forces the knee more forward for better position and it incorporates the large gluteal muscles.
- Michael Phelps, most successful Olympian in the history of the Summer Games
- List of multiple Winter Olympic medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games
- All placings and results are sourced by the International Biathlon Union's searchable results database: "IBU Datacenter". International Biathlon Union.
- "Biathlon World Cup results". International Biathlon Union. – searchable database of all World Cup race results
- "International Biathlon Union event results". International Biathlon Union. – searchable database of all IBU races
- Agence France-Presse. "Ole Einar Bjoerndalen". espn.go.com. ESPN. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "NM senior". skiskyting.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "NM sommerskiskyting". skiskyting.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "Bjorndalen sets Winter Olympics medal record". UPI. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- "Athletes select two IOC reps". ESPN. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Ole Einar Bjoerndalen". International Biathlon Union. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Kim Nystøl (18 November 2006). "Bjørndalen vant, ble historisk". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation.
- Strauss, Chris (8 February 2014). "Ole Einar Bjoerndalen's not the all-time winter medal king just yet". USA Today. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Salt Lake City 2002 Winter Olympics". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Ole Einar Bjoerndalen wins gold in men's 10km sprint, matching record for most career Olympic medals". NBC. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Sochi 2014: Ole Einar Bjoerndalen makes Winter Olympic history". BBC Sport. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Adelskalender NM". skiskyting.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- WTC Hall of Fame. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Bjorndalen becomes triple biathlon world champion". The New York Times. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- "The divorce of Nathalie Santer and Ole Einer Bjorndalen". Biathlon News. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Ole Einar Bjorndalen". Sochi 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Oslo Awards and Endings". IBU. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Fis-ski.com: Ole Einar Bjørndalens profil
- Hall of Fame – Die bisherigen Sieger der Biathlon-WTC auf Schalke on www.biathlon-aufschalke.de
- Prestvik, Johan (19 October 2006). "Will Bjorndalen Win Gold In High Heels". FasterSkier. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
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