Olea woodiana

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Forest olive
Olea woodiana, KwaZulu-Natal NBT, PMB.jpg
In the KwaZulu-Natal Botanical Garden
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Olea
Species: O. woodiana
Binomial name
Olea woodiana

Olea woodiana, known commonly as the Forest olive or black ironwood (Afrikaans: Bosolienhout), is an African tree species belonging to the olive family (Oleaceae).[1]

The tree grows in lower altitude hill forests from Kenya, Tanzania, Swaziland, and South Africa.[2][3]


Olea woodiana is a medium-sized to tall tree.[4] The axillary or terminal inflorescences carry small white flowers that are fragrant.[5]

Fruit are produced from late summer.[4] They are oval-shaped and ripen to a purple black colour, when they are consumed by birds.[4]


There are two recognized subspecies:[3]

  • Olea woodiana subsp. disjuncta — Kenya, Tanzania
  • Olea woodiana subsp. woodiana — Swaziland, South Africa


External links[edit]