Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov
Oleg Makarov (right) on a 1979 Soviet stamp
|Nationality|| Soviet Union
6 January 1933|
|Died||28 May 2003
Time in space
|20d 17h 20m|
|Selection||Civilian Specialist Group 3|
|Missions||Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a, Soyuz 27, Soyuz 26, Soyuz T-3|
Makarov was born in Udomlya, Tver Oblast, USSR. He graduated from Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1957 and started working at the Special Design Bureau Number One (which is now RSC Energia) as an engineer, working on the Vostok spacecraft. In 1966, he was selected for cosmonaut training.
His first spaceflight was Soyuz 12 in 1973, a test flight to check the changes made to the Soyuz spacecraft after the Soyuz 11 disaster. His second flight was the abortive Soyuz 18a that made an emergency landing in the Altay Mountains, 21 minutes after launch. With his third launch on Soyuz 27 he flew to space station Salyut 6 and landed five days later with the Soyuz 26 spacecraft. His last mission was Soyuz T-3, during which several repairs on Salyut 6 were done. He was also in backup crews for Soyuz 17 and Soyuz T-2. Altogether he spent 20 days, 17 hours, and 44 minutes in space.
He received the following awards:
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
- Twice Hero of the Soviet Union
- Four times the Order of Lenin
- Order "Blue Nile" (Ethiopia)
- Honorary Citizen of: Dzhezkazgan (Kazakhstan), Rivne (Ukraine), Yakutsk (Russia).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov.|
- Макаров Олег Григорьевич. warheroes.ru (in Russian)