Oleh Lyashko

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Oleh Lyashko
Олег Ляшко
Maidan Kiev 2014.04.13 12-09.JPG
Personal details
Born (1972-03-12) 12 March 1972 (age 42)
Chernihiv, Soviet Union
(now Ukraine)
Political party Batkivshchyna (Before 2012)
Radical Party (2012–present)
Alma mater Kharkiv National Pedagogical

Oleh Valeriovich Lyashko is a Ukrainian politician and journalist who is a member of Verkhovna Rada and leader of the Radical Party.[1]

Lyashko was elected as a deputy to the Verkhovna Rada in the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary election for Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko (BYT) and in the 2012 parliamentary election for his Radical Party.[1][2] Prior to this he was a journalist.[1]

In the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election he received 8.32% of the vote.[3]


Lyashko was born in Chernihiv on 12 March 1972.[1] When Lyashko was two years old, his parents separated, and his mother was forced to send him to an orphanage.[4] Lyashko studied in three boarding schools: Yablunivskoy, Komarovskaya and Borznyansky. He worked as a shepherd, and after secondary education he went to college for tractor operator studies.

In 1998 he graduated from the Faculty of Law H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University.[1]

From 1990 till 1992 Lyashko was correspondent and head of the newspaper "Young Guard" (based in Kiev).[1] In 1992 he became editor of "Business news" of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of Ukraine.[1]

On 21 June 1993 Lyashko was arrested and indicted for grand funds embezzlement.[1] On 9 December the Criminal College of the Kiev City Court found Lyashko guilty according to acticles 86-1, 191, and 194 part 3 of the Criminal Code of the Ukraine. The court found Lyashko guilty of embezzlement of 1 300 000 roubles personally, and 1 100 000 roubles collectively with accomplices. Lyashko was sentenced to 6 years' prison term and sequestration of the property. The Supreme Court reduced the time to 4 years imprisonment. Lyashko was released in May 1995 under the amnesty due to the "50th anniversary of the Victory over Nazi Germany". In 1998 Lyashko the criminal case was erased.[4]

In the years 1995 and 1996 Lyashko was editor application "Politika" newspaper "Pravda Ukraine".[1] In August 1996 he became Chief Editor of the newspaper "Politika".[1] In 1999, the publication was closed decision of the Moscow District Court in Kiev for "divulging state secrets".[1] From 2000 till 2006 Lyashkov was chief editor of "Freedom" (for "Newspaper "Policy").[1]

Lyashko was elected as a deputy to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) in the 2006 parliamentary election for Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko (BYT) (№ 26 in the list).[1] Chairman of the Subcommittee on the organization of the Supreme Council of the Parliamentary Committee on Rules, Ethics and maintenance of the parliament.[1]

In the 2007 parliamentary election he was re-elected into the Verkhovna Rada for BYT (№ 29 on the list).[1] Deputy Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Budget.[1]

Early October 2010 a 17-year old video was leaked to the Internet in which Lyashko talked about sexual relations with another man, a certain high-ranking official.[2][5] Lyashko had been rumored to be gay for a long time before the video appeared.[5] The day after the video was leaked he issued a statement accusing political opponents of doctoring the video using “modern technologies”.[5] And he stated “Personally, I have a traditional sexual orientation".[5]

On 18 October 2010 he was expelled from the BYT faction "for cooperating with the majority coalition".[2] BYT had assured that video leaked a week before would not be a reason for an exclusion of Lyashko from the faction.[2]

Kiev, meeting at the Maidan main stage initialized by Right Sector activists[citation needed]

On 8 August 2011, during its third party congress, Lyashko was elected the new party leader of the Ukrainian Radical Democratic Party.[6] The same day the party changed its name to Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko (shortened "Radical Party").[7]

In an October 2012 interview Lyashko was told by a spoof interviewer that the reporter's friend believed Lyashko represented sexual minorities in parliament. Lyashko was handed a mobile phone, spoke to the supposed friend and then promised to beat his face in while being filmed on camera.[8] Lyashko had stressed in May 2011 he had nothing against sexual minorities.[9]

In the 2012 parliamentary election he was re-elected into the Verkhovna Rada after winning single-member constituency number 208 in the Chernigov Oblast (as candidate of the Radical Party) with 55.57% of the votes.[1][10] Deputy Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Finance and Banking.[1] He did not join any faction in parliament.[1]

During the 2014 Crimean crisis he introduced a bill which proposed to consider the participants of "separatist rallies for joining Russia" - as well as those who obstruct the movement of soldiers and military equipment - saboteurs and accomplices of the occupiers. At the time of "military aggression" to them should be applied the death penalty. The bill provides the introduction of a visa regime with Russia, denunciation of the agreements with this country, the prohibition of the Communist Party of Ukraine and the Party of Regions, the call for the EU to ban the entry of Crimean residents with Russian passports and other events.[11][12][nb 1]

During the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine and 2 days before the 25 May 2014 presidential election Lyashko claimed responsibility for the storming of a local government building in Torez (by "Soldiers from the Lyashko Battalion 'Ukraine'") that killed a pro-Russian separatist and supporter of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic while critically wounding another.[15] Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have condemned the activities of the Lyashko Battalion 'Ukraine' and Lyashko's vigilante actions in Eastern Ukraine (published as videos on his website).[16][4][17] According to Lyashko his vigilante actions should be seen as citizen's arrests and he accused Amnesty International of being "obviously biased".[18]

Percentage of the vote obtained by Lyashko in the 2014 presidential election by oblast

Lyashko was the candidate of Radical Party in the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election.[19] In the election he received 8.32% of the vote; ranking him in 3rd place.[3]

Lyashko was elected into the Kiev City Council since his party won 3 seats and he headed its party list in the 2014 Kiev local election.[20][21] But he decided not to become a deputy in the Kiev City Council.[22]

Family and personal life[edit]

Lyashko is married to a woman named Rosita and the couple have a daughter.[23]

Lyashko's private life is surrounded by rumours that he is gay, something Lyashko has always firmly denied.[5][4]


  1. ^ The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities.[13][14]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s (Russian) Ляшко Олег Валерьевич, Информационно-аналитический центр "ЛІГА"
  2. ^ a b c d Yulia Tymoshenko bloc expels two deputies from parliament faction, Kyiv Post (19 October 2010)
  3. ^ a b "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC". Radio Ukraine International. 29 May 2014. 
    (Russian) Results election of Ukrainian president, Телеграф (29 May 2014)
  4. ^ a b c d 'Vigilante' Ukrainian lawmaker Lyashko gets slammed by Amnesty International report, Kyiv Post (Aug. 6, 2014)
  5. ^ a b c d e Fearing scandal for being different, politicians keep themselves, nation in closet, Kyiv Post (14 October 2010)
  6. ^ (Ukrainian) Радикальна партія Олега Ляшка, RBK Ukraine
  7. ^ (Ukrainian) Олег Ляшко офіційно перейменував свою партію, 24 News (14 december 2011)
  8. ^ http://www.kyivpost.com/content/politics/fake-reporter-trolls-unsuspecting-parliament-members-316381.html
  9. ^ A. Lyashko: each of us a role to play, Ukrainian National News (19 May 2011)
  10. ^ (Ukrainian) Constituency № 208, RBC Ukraine
  11. ^ Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України
  12. ^ В Верховной раде предлагают казнить участников пророссийских митингов. Мир 24.
  13. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  14. ^ Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
  15. ^ Militia backed by presidential candidate Lyashko takes credit for assassination of Russian-backed separatist (VIDEO), Kyiv Post (23 May 2014)
  16. ^ Poroshenko Declares Victory in Ukraine Presidential Election, The Wall Street Journal (25 May 2014)
  17. ^ Impunity reigns for abductions and ill-treatment by pro-Kyiv vigilantes in eastern Ukraine
  18. ^ (Ukrainian) Open response Ukrainian representation Amnesty International, Oleh Lyashko's official website (27 August 2014)
  19. ^ Twenty-three candidates to run for Ukraine's presidency, Interfax-Ukraine (3 April 2014)
  20. ^ (Ukrainian) In Kyivrada are 9 parties - official results, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 June 2014)
    (Ukrainian) 60% of the new Kyivrada is filled by UDAR, Ukrayinska Pravda (4 June 2014)
  21. ^ (Ukrainian) UDAR has 75% of the constituencies in Kyivrada, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 June 2014)
    (Ukrainian) 60% of the new Kyivrada is filled by UDAR, Ukrayinska Pravda (4 June 2014)
  22. ^ (Ukrainian) Orobets & Lyashko did not want to go down to the level of Kyiv City Council, Ukrayinska Pravda (4 June 2014)
  23. ^ (Ukrainian) On Valentine's Day Lyashko's present to his wife is shopping, Tablo ID (14 February 2013)

External links[edit]