|People's Deputy of Ukraine|
15 December 2012
|Leader of the All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda"|
February 14, 2004 – December 4, 2007
|Preceded by||Yaroslav Andruschkiv|
|Born||Oleh Yaroslavovych Tyahnybok
November 7, 1968
Lviv, Ukrainian SSR,
|Political party||All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom"|
|Spouse(s)||Olha Tyahnybok (née Demchyschyn)|
|Religion||Ukrainian Greek Catholicism|
Oleh Yaroslavovych Tyahnybok (Ukrainian: Оле́г Яросла́вович Тягнибо́к, born November 7, 1968) is a Ukrainian far-right politician and a member of the Verkhovna Rada; the leader of the nationalist All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda". Previously he was elected a councilman of the Lviv Oblast Council for several convocations. His political party has been criticized for its anti-Semitic and anti-Polish demonstrations.
Tyahnybok was born in the city of Lviv to a family of doctors, he is also a former doctor himself. His father, Yaroslav Tyahnybok, a Merited Doctor of Ukraine, was a distinguished sports doctor, chief physician of the Soviet national boxing team, and a former boxer himself who achieved the title of the Master of Sports of the USSR. Oleh's great-grandfather was a brother of Lonhyn Tsehelsky, a politician in the West Ukrainian People's Republic. Tyahnybok claims he remembers from when he was younger the searches that were conducted by the agents of the KGB in the apartment of his family.
After school Tyahnybok enrolled into the Lviv Medical Institute and received part-time medical jobs as a corpsman and nurse, but after the second year was drafted to the army. After the return to the Institute he initiated the creation of the Med Institute Student Brotherhood - the first step in his life of a civil activist. Tyahnybok graduated from the institute in 1993 as a qualified surgeon (as he sometimes mentions, majoring in urology). In 1994 25-year-old Tyahnybok was elected to the Lviv Oblast Council and in 1998 he was elected to the Verkhovna Rada.
In October 1991 Tyahnybok became a member of the Social-National Party of Ukraine. He is characterised as representative of Ukraine's far right. From 1994 till 1998, Tyahnybok served as a member of the Lviv Regional Council. In 1998, Tyahnybok was first elected to the Ukrainian Parliament as a member of Social-National Party of Ukraine, in the parliament he became a member of the People's Movement of Ukraine fraction. In 2002, Tyahnybok was reelected to the Ukrainian parliament as a member of Victor Yushchenko’s Our Ukraine bloc. In parliament he submitted 36 motions for debate, but the parliament adopted only four of them. In the majority of his motions he opposed the introduction of the Russian language as the second official state language, proposed recognition of the fighting role of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and Ukrainian Insurgent Army during World War II, called for the lustration of former communist officials, security service officers and undercover agents, and demanded the prohibition of communist ideology. None of these motions were adopted.
On July 20, 2004, Tyahnybok was expelled from the Our Ukraine parliamentary faction after he made a speech in the Carpathian Mountains at the gravesite of a commander of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. In the speech, which was aired on television in the summer of 2004, he made comments like:
"They were not afraid and we should not be afraid. They took their automatic guns on their necks and went into the woods, and fought against the Moskali, Germans, Kikes and other scum who wanted to take away our Ukrainian state."
In his defence Tyahnybok said he had not offended Russians by calling them an occupying force as this was based on historical fact. He also denied that he was anti-Semitic, saying he was rather pro-Ukrainian. The head of the State Committee of National Migration (Derzhkomnatsmihratsia) Hennadiy Moskal published an open letter with insulting content towards the head of the AU Freedom. The Prosecutor's office filed criminal charges of inciting ethnic hatred, but later closed the case for lack of offense. Since that time Mr. Tyahnybok has won nine court cases in that regard. By the decisions of courts it was recognized that the criminal case was raised unlawfully, and the actions of TV-channel "Inter" that showed the footage of the Tyanybok's speech as well as the Head of the Derzhkomnatsmihratsia H. Moskal were recognized as ones that insult the honor and dignity Oleh Tyahnybok and caused him a moral damage. The actions around that issue led to creation of the "Program in defense of Ukrainians". Tyahnybok stated in 2012 "this speech is relevant even today" and "All I said then, I can also repeat now".
Tyahnybok stood as a candidate for the post of Mayor of Kiev during the Kiev local election in 2008. In the elections Leonid Chernovetskyi was reelected with 37.7% of the vote, while Tyahnybok received 1.37% of the vote.
Tyahnybok was a candidate for President of Ukraine in the 2010 presidential election for the All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom". He received 352,282 votes, or 1.43% of the total. Most of his votes he received in the historic Halychyna oblasts - Lviv oblast, Ternopil oblast and Ivano-Frankivsk oblast accounted to 5% of the vote. In the second round, Tyahnybok did not endorse a candidate. He did presente a list of some 20 demands second round candidate Yulia Tymoshenko had to fulfil first before gaining his endorsement - which included publicizing alleged secret deals Tymoshenko had with Vladimir Putin and ridding herself of what he called Ukraine-haters in her close circles.
During the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election Tyahnybok was (re-)elected (he was top candidate on his party list) into the Ukrainian parliament; when his party won 38 seats. Tyahnybok was elected leader of the party's parliamentary faction.
Tyahnybok regards Russia as Ukraine's biggest threat. He has accused the Medvedev presidency of "waging virtual war on Ukraine along many fronts – in the information sphere and the diplomatic sector, within the energy trade and throughout the world of international PR spin.". He is pro-NATO and critical of the European Union, but supports a Europe of free nations. According to polls both stances put him at odds with the majority of Ukrainians. Tyahnybok also wants to deprive Crimea of its autonomous status and Sevastopol of its special status.
Cultural and political image
During a visit of Tyahnybok to Sevastopol on January 6, 2010 some 1,500 activists of parties and public movements picketed the Business and Culture Center where Tyahnybok had a meeting with voters.
Tyahnybok was voted Person of the Year for 2012 by readers of the country's leading news magazine, Korrespondent. Tyahnybok was ranked #43 in the 2012 list of "Top 100 Most influential Ukrainians" by Korrespondent.
In an opinion poll conducted on December 7–17, 2013, respondents showed that in a hypothetical presidential election between Viktor Yanukovych and Tyahnybok, results found that Tyahnybok would win with 28.8% of the popular vote, versus Yanukovych's 27.1%. Another poll taken on January 42–February 2, 2014 across all regions of Ukraine showed that in a presidential race between Tyahnybok and incumbent Yanukovych, 54.% of the population would vote for Tyahnybok.
- You Scratch My Back, and I’ll Scratch Yours, The Ukrainian Week (26 September 2012)
- Tiahnybok reelected Svoboda party head, Kyiv Post (8 December 2012)
- , a former candidate for President of Ukraine Kyiv Post. November 22, 2012. ''Svoboda tames radicals to get into parliament'' Article written by Katya Gorchinskaya
- Svoboda: The rise of Ukraine's ultra-nationalists, BBC News (26 December 2012)
- Ukrainian nationalist leader thriving in hard times, Business Ukraine (January 20, 2011)
- Gorchinskaya, Katya. "Svoboda tames radicals to get into parliament". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "1984: радянський фільм про батька Тягнибока". Ukrayinska Pravda. December 13, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2013.(Ukrainian)
- (Ukrainian) Олег Тягнибок, Ukrinform
- Political Pulse: Presidential field takes shape, Kyiv Post (November 11, 2009)
- Shekhovtsov, Anton (2011)."The Creeping Resurgence of the Ukrainian Radical Right? The Case of the Freedom Party". Europe-Asia Studies Volume 63, Issue 2. pp. 203-228. doi:10.1080/09668136.2011.547696 (source also available here)
- Yushchenko Finally Gets Tough On Nationalists, The Jamestown Foundation (August 3, 2004)
- Tyahnybok: Nationalist, fearful of Russia, favors NATO, Kyiv Post (29 October 2008)
- Interview published in the Ukrainian newspaper Silski Visti on 13 August 2004, source: Ukrainian MP denies inciting racial hatred., accessmylibrary.com (17 August 2004)
- Ukrainian party picks xenophobic candidate, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (May 25, 2009)
- http://www.ncsj.org/AuxPages/042005Ukr_letter.shtml Ukraine Notables Sign Anti-Semitic Letter, Anti-Semitism in Ukraine, NCSJ, 04.20.2005
- Liang, Yan (May 29, 2008). "Ukraine's Kiev mayor wins re-election". www.chinaview.cn (Xinhua). Retrieved 2008-06-16.
- (Ukrainian) ЦВК оприлюднила офіційні результати 1-го туру виборів, Gazeta.ua (January 25, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Election results and map by region, Ukrainska Pravda (4 February 2010)
- Tymoshenko’s Looming Defeat: How Did She Make It Inevitable?, Serhiy Kudelia (January 29, 2010)
- Local government elections in Ukraine: last stage in the Party of Regions’ takeover of power, Centre for Eastern Studies (October 4, 2010)
- Q&A:Ukrainian parliamentary election, BBC News (23 October 2012)
- Ukraine election:President Yanukovych party claims win, BBC News (29 October 2012)
- Parties spend over Hr 600 million on elections, according to report, Kyiv Post (16 November 2012)
- Five factions, including Communist Party, registered in parliament, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)
- Tyahnybok: Crimean autonomy should be cancelled, Inter~Media (August 12, 2008)
- Nationalist presidential candidate in Ukraine calls for downgrading Crimea status, Kyiv Post (January 7, 2010)
- Tiahnybok’s virulent brand of nationalism shows no strength, Kyiv Post (January 14, 2010)
- 1,500 activists of over 10 parties protest arrival of nationalist leader in Sevastopol, Kyiv Post (January 6, 2010)
- "43 место Олег Тягнибок". Korrespondent. Retrieved May 20, 2013.(Russian)
- Interfax-Ukraine (Dec. 25, 2013). "Poll: Yanukovych to lose to opposition candidates in second round of presidential elections". Kyiv Post.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oleh Tyahnybok.|
- Official personal website (Ukrainian)
- Oleh Tyahnybok: “The three opposition parties should not be required to act completely in sync”, The Ukrainian Week (31 March 2013)