The Communist Party of Workers and Peasants (Ukrainian: Комуністична партія робітників і селян, Komunistychna Partiya Robitnykiv i Selyan) is a political party in Ukraine, formed in 2001 following a split from the Communist Party of Ukraine (KPU). The first chairman of the party was Oleksander Mykolayovych Yakovenko. At the legislative 2002 elections the party won 0.41% of the popular vote and no seats. Since then it has not taken part in any nationwide election yet. In 2011, the current Chairman of KPRS Leonid Grach wa elected as the head of the party in February 2011; at the time he was member of the Ukrainian parliament. Grach did not return to parliament after the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election after losing as an independent candidate in single-member districts number 2 (first-past-the-post wins a parliament seat) located in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.