|First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine|
18 December 2007 – 11 March 2010
|Prime Minister||Yulia Tymoshenko|
|Preceded by||Mykola Azarov|
|Succeeded by||Andriy Klyuyev|
|Director of the Security Service|
4 February 2005 – 8 September 2005
|Preceded by||Ihor Smeshko|
|Succeeded by||Ihor Drizhchanyi|
31 March 1964 |
Dnipropetrovsk, Soviet Union
|Political party||Hromada (Before 1999)
All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" (1999–present)
Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc (2001–present)
|Alma mater||National Mining University of Ukraine|
Oleksandr Valentynovych Turchynov (Ukrainian: Олександр Валентинович Турчинов) (born March 31, 1964) is a Ukrainian politician, a screenwriter, a Doctor of Economic Sciences. Turchynov is the first deputy chairman of the political party All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland". Turchynov was acting Prime Minister (ex officio being the First Vice Prime Minister) after former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko's government was dismissed on 3 March 2010; till the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) appointed Mykola Azarov as Prime Minister on 11 March 2010.
Oleksandr Turchynov was born in Dnipropetrovsk. He graduated from the Dnipropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute in 1986, after which he worked for worked at Kryvorizhstal. He is an old ally of Yulia Tymoshenko. They used to have a common business in Dnipropetrovsk. In 1993 he was appointed advisor in economy issues to then PM Leonid Kuchma. In December 1993 he co-founded and became Vice President of Ukrainian Union of Industrialist and Entrepreneurs. In 1994 he created the political party Hromada together with Pavlo Lazarenko. He was also director of the Economic Reforms Institute from January 1994 to March 1998 and was head of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences’ Laboratory of Shadow Economy Research.
In 1998, he was elected to parliament as a member of Hromada but after the scandal around Lazarenko, he left the faction and party (during May 1999) together with Yulia Tymoshenko’s All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland". He was reelected to parliament in 2002 and 2006 as part of the BYuT.
On 4 February 2005, Turchynov was appointed and served as the first‐ever civilian head of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU). In February 2006 state prosecutors opened a criminal case against Turchynov and his SBU deputy Andriy Kozhemyakin for destroying a file about FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive Semyon Mogilevich from the SBU archive. The case was dismissed four months later.
In the spring of 2008 he was the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc and the Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc candidate for the Mayor of Kiev election he placed second at the election with 218,600 votes (19.13% of total vote).
In December 2009 during the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election-campaign Turchynov accused President Viktor Yushchenko and opposition leader Viktor Yanukovych of coordinating their actions in their attempts to topple the Second Tymoshenko Government.
On March 4, 2010, after the fall of the second Tymoshenko Government, former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko resigned from that post on March 4, 2010 and Turchynov was empowered to fulfill the Prime Minister's duties until a new government was formed. On 11 March 2010 the Azarov Government was elected and Mykola Azarov was appointed Prime Minister the same day.
Stance on same-sex marriage
In August 2007, Turchynov replied to the accusation that his stance on same-sex marriage is typically conservative, "I do not agree. If a man has normal views, then you label him a conservative, but those who use drugs or promote sodomy – you label them a progressive person. All of these are perversions.”
In 2004 Turchynov published a book "Illusion of fear". In 2005 he also wrote a script to the same name movie that is based on the book. The movie was released in Ukraine in September 2008 and was the 2008 Ukrainian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Married. Wife Turchynov Hanna (1970) — Ph.D., Head of Foreign Languages National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Son Kyrylo (1994) — student.
- Turchynov is summoned for interrogation to SBU today – BYUT, UNIAN (September 20, 2010)
- Batkivschyna to nominate Tymoshenko for presidency, Yatseniuk heads party’s political council, Interfax-Ukraine (14 June 2013)
- BYT-Batkivschyna replaces its leader, Kyiv Post (7 December 2011)
- Press secretary: Tymoshenko vacates premier's post, Kyiv Post (March 4, 2010)
- Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych forms coalition, BBC News, 11 March 2010
- "Azarov became Prime Minister". UNIAN. 11 March 2010.
- Turchynov campaign draws scrutiny, Kyiv Post (24 April 2008)
- Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko members biography's, Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko official website
- Who Is Who in Tymoshenko’s Government? 23.12.2007, Ukrayinska Pravda
- New and conflicting details emerge over Mogilevich’s alleged involvement in nation, Kyiv Post (December 10, 2010)
- "Tymoshenko and Lutsenko announced Turchynov the only candidate from the coalition". Korrespondent (in Russian). May 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
- UNIAN News Agency
- Western Information Agency: Yushchenko and Yanukovych are playing ball, Kyiv Post (December 4, 2009)
- Cabinet: Turchynov will fulfill premier's duties until new government is formed, Kyiv Post (March 4, 2010)
- Ukraine's new government puts final nail in coffin of the Orange Revolution, The Guardian (March 11, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda (11 November 2012)
- Overview of Lesbian and Gay rights in Eastern Europe The Lesbian & Gay Foundation
- “Illusion of Fear” from Turchynov, Kyiv Post (22 May 2008)
- Ukraine submits 'Illusion' for Oscar race, UNIAN (16 October 2008)
|Director of the Security Service
|First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine