|People's Deputy of Ukraine|
December 12, 2012 – November 27, 2014
November 23, 2007 – December 12, 2012
25 May 2006 – 23 November 2007
|4th Governor of Luhansk Oblast|
April, 1998 – 26 January 2006
|Preceded by||Hennady Fomenko|
|Succeeded by||Oleksiy Danilov|
August 22, 1954 |
Voroshylovhrad, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Party of Regions|
|Alma mater||East Ukraine Volodymyr Dahl National University|
Oleksandr Yefremov or Aleksandr Efremov (Ukrainian: Олександр Сергійович Єфремов, Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Ефре́мов) is a Ukrainian parliamentary and statesman. A former governor of the Luhansk Oblast, since 2010 he is a Party of Regions faction leader in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament). On 14 February 2015 Yefremov was detained on suspicion of "abuse of power under aggravating circumstances".
Yefremov was born in Voroshylovhrad on August 22, 1954 to an ethnic Russian family of Sergei Serafimovich Yefremov and Nadezhda Stepanovna. In 1973-78 he studied and successfully graduated from the Voloshylovhrad Machine-building Institute (today the East Ukraine Volodymyr Dahl National University) as engineer-mechanic. After graduating Yefremov became employed as an engineer-technologist at the Lenin Machine-building Plant in Luhansk. From October 1978 to April 1980 he served at the Kiev Military District military site #68302, the 692nd Communication Unit of Civil Defense Headquarters (Pereyaslav-Khmelnytsky, Ukrainian SSR).
In 1980-87 Yefremov worked as a Komsomol activist, until 1983 as the 1st secretary of the Leninsky Raion of Luhansk and then of the whole city. In 1987-91 he was on managerial positions at the Lenin Machine-building Plant, deputy chief of department, sectary of party committee. During this time in 1990-92 Yefremov studied and graduated from the Kiev Institute of Political Science and Social Administration as a political scientist. The institute was officially liquidated in March 1992.
In 1991-96 Yefremov worked as a director of a local company "MSP Mega LTD". In 1996-97 he was a chairman of the Board of Commercial Bank "Ukrainian Communal Bank" where his wife, Larysa, and son, Ihor, work. In 1997-98 Yefremov works as a deputy governor and from April 7, 1998 to January 27, 2005 as a governor of Luhansk Oblast as a member of the People's Democratic Party. During that time he also gained a magisterial diploma from the East Ukraine Volodymyr Dahl National University in 2000.
In 2005 Yefremov changed his political affiliation by the end of year headed the regional center of the Party of Regions. In 2006 he ran for seat in the Supreme Council of Ukraine as a member of the Party of Regions, while at the time being a director of regional administration of the Ukrainian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs. Yefremov after being elected to the national parliament also was elected to the regional council as well. Since then he was a People's Deputy of Ukraine and was reelected to the parliament on two more occasions. From 2010 Yefremov heads the parliamentary faction of the Party of Regions changing on the post Viktor Yanukovych.
In 2011 Yefremov said in a televised comment "I even have information that Soros has allocated certain funds in order to prepare a certain group of young boys here in Ukraine who could launch any existing projects based on the North Africa examples."
On 14 September 2014, the Party of Regions choose not to participate in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election; it deemed the election lacking legitimacy because the residents of the Donbass could not vote in the election. Although members of the Party of Regions took part in these elections on the election list of Opposition Bloc, Yefremov did not do so.
On 14 February 2015 Yefremov was detained on suspicion of "abuse of power under aggravating circumstances". Since 17 January 2015 (during the War in Donbass) Yefremov was part of an investigating into alleged involvement in funding separatism. Yefremov is suspected of putting pressure on state coal company Luganskugol to make it conclude contracts with service providers controlled by him for excessive prices. On 18 February 2015 (after being released on bail) Yefremov stated that the authorities had fabricated the criminal case against him because “They just need someone to blame for the February 20 events" (on 20 February 2014 more than 100 Euromaidan participants and policemen were shot dead). On 25 February 2015 Yefremov was released on a $2,794 bail.
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (2010)
- Order of Merit (III degree in 2001), (II - 2003), (I - 2004)
- "CEC registers 357 newly elected deputies of 422". National Radio Company of Ukraine. 25 November 2014.
"Parliament to form leadership and coalition on November 27". UNIAN. 26 November 2014.
- Ex-head of Regions Party faction Yefremov detained on suspicion of abuse of power under aggravating circumstances, Interfax-Ukraine (14 February 2015)
- Information about the unit at the website of Ministry of Emergencies
- Resolution of the Government of Ukraine #160 "on liquidation of the Kiev Institute of Political Science and Social Administration". March 31, 1992
- "Leading party says Soros prepares “Libyan scenario” for Ukraine". RT. April 14, 2011.
- (Ukrainian) What distinguishes the "opposition bloc" of the Party of Regions?, BBC Ukrainian (23 September 2014)
- Ukraine's Party of Regions Refuses to Participate in Rada Elections, RIA Novosti (23 September 2014)
- Opposition Bloc chooses top ten candidates for parliamentary elections, Interfax Ukraine (23 September 2014)
Allies of Yanukovych trying for parliament, Kyiv Post (21 September 2014)
Party Of Regions Will Not Contest Snap Parliamentary Elections Independently, Ukrainian News Agency (14 September 2014)
- Opposition Bloc boosts rating by distancing itself from Yanukovych era, Kyiv Post (Oct. 24, 2014)
Development party of Ukraine, 'Ukraine - Forward!' and four more political forces team up in Opposition Bloc, Kyiv Post (Sept. 15, 2014)
Ukraine’s Elections: The Battle of the Billionaires, The Daily Beast (10.25.14)
(Ukrainian) Non-Maidan parties united into the Opposition Bloc. Radio Liberty. 14 September 2014
- Alphabetical Index of candidates in 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Central Election Commission of Ukraine.
- PGO investigates Korolevska and Yefremov for allegedly funding separatism, Interfax-Ukraine (17.01.2015)
- Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
- New prosecutor general announces reshuffle, pledges progress on high-profile cases, Kyiv Post (Feb. 16, 2015)
- Yefremov gets bailed out, accused of new crimes, Kyiv Post (Feb. 18, 2015)
- Big Yanukovych ally released on small bail, Kyiv Post (Feb. 25, 2015)
- Information on Oleksandr Yefremov
- If you will steal 10 percent, I will understand you. "Hazeta po-ukrayinsky". #1162. 2011-1-21.
- Political Ukraine today