Oleksiivska Line

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Green Line 3 Oleksiivska Line
Metro Charkiw.svg
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Kharkiv Metro
Status Operational
Locale Kharkiv, Ukraine
Termini Oleksiivska
Metrobudivnykiv
Stations 8
Daily ridership 141,150 (daily)[1]
Operation
Opening May 6, 1995
Operator(s) Kharkivskyi metropoliten
Rolling stock 81-717/714, 81-718/719
Technical
Line length 9.9 kilometres (6.2 mi)[2]
Track gauge 5 ft (1,524 mm)
Route diagram
Depot-3 "Oleksiivske"
Peremoha
Oleksiivska
Oleksiivska River
23 Serpnia
Botanichyni Sad
Sarzhynka River
Naukova
Derzhprom(Line 2 at Universytet)
Arkhitektora Beketova
Kharkiv River
Ploshcha Povstannia
Metrobudivnykiv(Line 1 at Sportyvna)
Service tunnel to Proskept Haharina
Derzhavinska
Kashtanova
Odeska
Motel Druzhba
Aeroport

The Oleksiivska Line (Ukrainian: Олексіївська лінія, Russian: Алексеевская линия) is the third and newest line of the Kharkiv Metro that was opened in 1995. The Oleksiivska Line is the second longest in the system at 9.9 kilometres (6.2 mi)[2] and contains a total of eight stations, with one more station scheduled to open on August 23, 2012.

The line cuts the city of Kharkiv, the second largest city in Ukraine, on a north-east—south-west axis. The Oleksiivska Line is third behind the Saltivska Line with a daily ridership of 141,150 passengers.[1] There are current proposals that would expand the Oleksiivska Line past its southern terminus at Metrobudivnykiv imeni H.I. Vashchenka, although these are only in the planning stage and they are not scheduled to be completed until 2016 at the least.

History[edit]

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Stations Length[3]
Metrobudivnykiv imeni H.I. VashchenkaNaukova May 6, 1995 5 5.2 km
Botanichnyi Sad23 Serpnia August 21, 2004 2 2.5 km
Oleksiivska station December 21, 2010 1 2.4 km
Peremoha station August 2014 1 -
Total: 8 stations 9.9 km[2]

Name changes[edit]

There has been only one name change on the Oleksiivska Line after the station was opened: Metrobudivelnyky (1995–2000) →Metrobudivnykiv imeni H.I. Vashchenka, named after H.I. Vashchenko. The Peremoha station project was originally named Prospekt Peremohy during the early planning stages until the name was decided upon the current one.

Stations[edit]

The 23 Serpnia station commemorates the liberation of Kharkiv during World War II.
The Arkhitektora Beketova station's platform.

Six of the Oleksiivska Line stations were built close to the surface, with only the Derzhprom and Arkhitektora Beketova stations constructed deep underground. Five of the shallow stations consist of a central platform and vaulted ceiling supported by columns, with another one being a single-vault station, having a vaulted roof with no ceiling support. The two deep stations are both pylon stations, in which the central hall is separated by arcades leading to the station platforms.

Transfers[edit]

Following the traditional Soviet metro planning, the third line (Oleksiivska Line) is crossed by two other line segments at high traffic locations. Currently, the Oleksiivska Line has two transfer stations with the Kholodnohirsko–Zavodska Line (red line) and the Saltivska Line (blue line):

# Transfer to At Opened
Kiev Metro Line 1.svg Sportyvna (Kholodnohirsko–Zavodska Line) Metrobudivnykiv imeni H.I. Vashchenka May 6, 1995
Kiev Metro Line 2.svg Universytet (Saltivska Line) Derzhprom May 6, 1995

Technical specifications[edit]

Just like with the Kiev Metro, government planning agencies allowed for a maximum of five carriage trains that would fit on the 100 metres (330 ft) station platforms without any modification to the station structure.[4] Specifically, 12 five-carriage trains are assigned to serve the Oleksiivska Line, served by the Depot-2 "Saltivske" from the Saltivska Line.[2] After the Peremoha station becomes operational in mid-2012, a new depot will be constructed specifically for the Oleksiivska Line, located immediately north of the Peremoha station.

Future extension[edit]

Since the 2010 opening of the Oleksiivska station, the Oleksiivska Line became the second longest line segment of the system. The Peremoha station is currently under active construction, with a scheduled completion date of August 23, 2012 after being set back numerous times.[5] A perspective extension towards the Kharkiv International Airport to the south would add the Derzhavinska, Odeska, Motel Druzhba, and Aeroport stations.[6]

However, only two of the stations, Derzhavinska and Odeska, respectively, were outlined in the "Oblast Program of Construction and the Expansion of the Kharkiv Metropoliten, 2007-2012."[7] Construction work on the two planned stations has yet to begin and they would not be completed until 2016 at the least.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alekseevskaya liniya". Commercial holding "Megapolis" (in Russian). Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Butkovsky, Andrey (2010). "Metro. Alekseevskaya Line". Kharkov transportny (in Russian). Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  3. ^ Approximate length, includes only operational passenger track length, does not include service track length.
  4. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "KHARKIV Metro (Kharkiv)". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Fedosenko, Pavel. "During EURO 2012, Kharkiv may be left without the "Peremoha" station". Segodnya (in Russian). Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "News. Kernes promises 4 metro stations in the airport's direction". MOST-Kharkov (in Russian). Kharkov transportny. August 25, 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Program of the construction of the metro". Official site of the KP "Kharkivskyi metropoliten" (in Ukrainian). metro.kharkov.ua. Retrieved 2 June 2011.