Oleksiy Fedorov

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Oleksiy Fedorov
Fyodorov 1977.JPG
Oleksiy Fedorov during 1977 war commemoration ceremony in Bryansk
Born 30 March 1901
Russian Empire
Died 9 September 1989(1989-09-09) (aged 88)
Kiev
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Years of service 1941 - 1944
Rank Major General
Awards

Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin (6)

Oleksiy Fedorovych Fedorov (Ukrainian: Ukrainian: Олексій Федорович Федоров, Russian: Алексей Фёдоров, Aleksey Fyodorovich Fyodorov; March 30, 1901 - September 9, 1989), one of the leaders of Soviet partisan movement during the World War II. He was twice Hero of the Soviet Union, and only one of two partisan leaders to receive the double honour (the other being fellow Ukrainian Sydir Kovpak).

Biography[edit]

Oleksiy Fedorov was born near Dnipropetrovsk in a Ukrainian peasant family. In 1920 he joined the Red Army and fought in the Russian Civil War.

In 1927 he joined Communist Party of the Soviet Union and by 1938 became a first secretary of the regional party committee in Chernihiv Oblast.

After the Nazi Germany invasion of the Soviet Union, Fedorov became a prominent organizer of the underground resistance in occupied Ukraine. During the winter of 1941-1942 he commanded Chernigov partisan unit which by March 1942 had sixteen engagements with the enemy and killed over a thousand German troops. In May 1942 Oleksiy Fedorov was awarded a title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin with a golden star. During the spring and summer of 1943 Fedorov's partisan units expanded guerrilla activities into other occupied regions of USSR outside north-east Ukraine including the Volyn, Belarus, Bryansk and Oryol regions. During the legendary Kovel railway hub operation in the autumn of 1943 and the following winter, the partisans of Fedorov liquidated over 500 German supply trains full of ammunition, fuel, military equipment and army personnel.

Oleksiy Fedorov was promoted to the rank of major general and in January 1944 awarded Gold Star medal.

After the liberation of Ukraine, Oleksiy Fedorov headed Communist party committees in several Ukrainian regions including Kherson (1944–1949) Izmail (1950–1952) and Zhytomyr (1952–1957) oblasts. In 1957 he became a Minister of Welfare in the government of Ukrainian SSR and until 1979 he served as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Oleksiy Fedorov died on September 9, 1989 in Kiev, a monument was built to honour partisan hero of anti-Nazi struggle in his native Dnipropetrovsk.

Awards[edit]

Oleksiy Fedorov was awarded:

References[edit]

External links[edit]