||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (February 2013)|
Oleksiy Fedorov during 1977 war commemoration ceremony in Bryansk
|Born||30 March 1901
|Died||9 September 1989
|Years of service||1941 - 1944|
Oleksiy Fedorovych Fedorov (Ukrainian: Ukrainian: Олексій Федорович Федоров, Russian: Алексей Фёдоров, Aleksey Fyodorovich Fyodorov; March 30, 1901 - September 9, 1989), one of the leaders of Soviet partisan movement during the second world war. He was twice Hero of the Soviet Union, and only one of two partisan leaders to receive the double honour (the other being fellow Ukrainian Sydir Kovpak).
After the Nazi Germany invasion of the Soviet Union, Fedorov became a prominent organizer of the underground resistance in occupied Ukraine. During the winter of 1941-1942 he commanded Chernigov partisan unit which by March 1942 had sixteen engagements with the enemy and killed over a thousand German troops. In May 1942 Oleksiy Fedorov was awarded a title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin with a golden star. During the spring and summer of 1943 Fedorov's partisan units expanded guerrilla activities into other occupied regions of USSR outside north-east Ukraine including the Volyn, Belarus, Bryansk and Oryol regions. During the legendary Kovel railway hub operation in the autumn of 1943 and the following winter, the partisans of Fedorov liquidated over 500 German supply trains full of ammunition, fuel, military equipment and army personnel.
After the liberation of Ukraine, Oleksiy Fedorov headed Communist party committees in several Ukrainian regions including Kherson (1944–1949) Izmail (1950–1952) and Zhytomyr (1952–1957) oblasts. In 1957 he became a Minister of Welfare in the government of Ukrainian SSR and until 1979 he served as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
Oleksiy Fedorov died on September 9, 1989 in Kiev, a monument was built to honour partisan hero of anti-Nazi struggle in his native Dnipropetrovsk.
Oleksiy Fedorov was awarded:
- Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1942 and 1944)
- Six Orders of Lenin (1939, 1942, 1961, 1981)
- Order of Suvorov 1st class (1945)
- Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 1st class (1944)
- Order of the Red Banner
- Order of the Patriotic War 1st class (1945)
- Order of the Patriotic War 2nd class (1945)
- Order of the Red Star
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War" 1st class
- Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- War Hero Aleksey Fyodorov - in Russian.