"Oleo" is a hard bop composition by Sonny Rollins, written in 1954. It is one of the most popular pieces to feature rhythm changes, one of many contrafacts of George Gershwin's I Got Rhythm. The performer is expected to improvise the B section, as only the A section is transcribed.
An early version of it, featuring Rollins, was recorded by Miles Davis in 1954 on the album Bags' Groove, and again in 1956 on Relaxin'. A live version recorded in 1958, with John Coltrane instead of Rollins on saxophone, appears on two separate Davis albums: 1958 Miles, which was released in late 1958, and the same recording appears again on Davis' 1973 release, Jazz at the Plaza.
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