Olevano di Lomellina
|Olevano di Lomellina|
|Comune di Olevano di Lomellina|
|Frazioni||Cascine Vallazza, Cascina Melegnana, Cascina Battaglia, Cascina Bianca, Cascina Paronina|
|• Mayor||Luca Mondin|
|• Total||15.4 km2 (5.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||105 m (344 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2007)|
|• Density||54/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Economy is mostly based on agriculture, the main cultivation being that of rice.
Located centrally in Lomellina, near the right bank of the Agogna, the village belonged to the Counts of Lomello. Some of them took up residence here and therefore received a title from the place. The feudal vassals, named thus Counts of Olevano, settled in an imposing, multi-towered castle probably built in the twelfth century, as we know that it was destroyed for the first time by Frederick Barbarossa. A second fortress was razed to the ground in 1404 by Facino Cane. A third reconstruction was finished in 1420.
Part of the feud was given to the Attendolo-Bologninis by emperor Frederick III in 1469. In 1551 it passed down to the Beccarias for a short time. In 1557 the castle was once more nearly destroyed by the French troops, but a new fortified building sprang up from those ruins and was attacked for the last time in 1745 by the Austrian army. The first drastic changes followed and the edifice was transformed in appearance and lay-out. More alterations from the following century, and the first decades of the present one, have given the building its final appearance, which can be observed nowadays.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.