Olga Bogoslovskaya (Ольга Богословская; born May 20, 1964) is a retired Russian athlete who competed mainly in the 100 metres. Today she is a sports journalist.
She competed for the Unified Team at the age of 28 in the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona, Spain in the 4 x 100 metres with her team mates Galina Malchugina, Marina Trandenkova and Irina Privalova who had finished third in the 100 metres. Her record was a time of 42.16, and she received a silver medal- second only to the United States team of Evelyn Ashford, Esther Jones, Carlette Guidry, Gwen Torrence, and Michelle Finn, who received a time of 42.11. Her medal contributed to the other 111 medals that the Unified Team received, making them the highest earning team in the 1992 Olympics.