Oligotrich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oligotrichs
Halteria.jpg
Halteria sp.
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Alveolata
Phylum: Ciliophora
Class: Spirotrichea
Subclass: Oligotrichia
Bütschli 1887
Typical orders

Halteriida
Strombidiida

The oligotrichs are a group of ciliate protozoa, included among the spirotrichs. They have prominent oral cilia, which are arranged as a collar and lapel, in contrast to the choreotrichs where they form a complete circle. The body cilia are reduced to a girdle and ventral cilia. In Halteria and its relatives, they form bristles or cirri; however these forms may be closer relatives of the stichotrichs than of other oligotrichs. These organisms are very common in plankton communities, especially in marine systems. Usually found in concentrations of about 1 per ml, they are the most important herbivores in the sea, the first link in the food chain.