|Autonomous community||Valencian Community|
|• Mayor||Chelo Escrivá (PP)|
|• Total||59.93 km2 (23.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Oliva (Valencian pronunciation: [oˈliva], locally: [oˈlivɛ]) is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain. To its east lie 10 kilometres (6 miles) of coastline and beaches fronting the Mediterranean Sea.
The Passeig (promenade) runs through the centre of the town, and features a market each Friday. On the left side of the Marina beach is Kiko beach. The blue flagged beaches of Oliva stretch for 7 kilometres (4 miles); many contain sand dunes
Oliva has one of the province's biggest and most colourful Moors and Christians Festivals (Festes de Moros i Cristians, in Valencian language) in the area. In the old town there are two churches, Sant Roc and Santa Maria la Major. Sant Roc dates from the 18th-19th centuries, and Santa Maria from the 17th-18th centuries. At the top of the hill in the old town is Santa Anna Castle, built in the 16th century.
In the centre of the village is a Roman kiln situated below one of the blocks of apartments on Santíssim street.
Oliva's Old Town has historical streets which see various "fiestas" celebrated throughout the year: the falles "Fiesta" in March, the Moors and Christians in July and Setmana Santa (Holy Week). People may be seen strolling the Paseig, sampling tapas, drinking coffee or wine and simply relaxing with family and friends. Every Friday there is a market with a plethora of fresh, local produce and wares.
Oliva is also a well-known town for cyclists, especially from Estonia. At the beginning of March, they gather there for the spring training camp. The Estonian national junior team trains there in spring too.
About 80% of the economy of Oliva is based on the tertiary sector, especially in commerce, shops, banks and tourism, currently there are more than 30 banks in Oliva.
The secondary sector makes up about 15% of the economy, with an extended industrial area, located outside of the city, in the south-east of Oliva.
In 2011, Oliva had a population of 28,400 inhabitants, of which, 7466 (26.29%) of the population were immigrants, with the majority coming from Bolivia, Ecuador, Morocco, United Kingdom and Romania. In Oliva there are citizens of more than 50 different countries, especially from South America, Europe, Africa and Asia
In 2011 the unemployment rate in the city was 9.7%
Oliva has a Mediterranean-Subtropical climate, with more than 230 days above 20 °C (68 °F). The winters are mild and temperate whilst summers are hot and dry. The average annual temperature is 18.5 °C (65 °F). In winter the temperature rarely falls below 5 °C (41 °F) whilst in summer the average day-time temperature ranges from 29 to 36 °C (84 to 97 °F). Temperatures may vary, however: during the heat wave of August 2010, the highest recorded temperature was 45.5 °C (113.9 °F) and the minimum 33.5 °C (92.3 °F). During a polar cold wave in February 2012 the maximum temperature was only 10 °C (50 °F) and the minimum 3 °C (37 °F). Snow and ice are almost unknown in Oliva. Oliva enjoys many hours of annual sunshine, having more than 300 days in a year with clear skies.
Temperature and Precipitation:
|MAX.||17 °||19 °||20 °||22 °||25 °||30 °||32 °||34 °||30 °||25 °||20 °||18 °|
|MIN.||7 °||9 °||11 °||13 °||16 °||21 °||22 °||23 °||21 °||15 °||11 °||8 °|