Olive (color)

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OliveHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #808000
sRGBB  (rgb) (128, 128, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 0, 100, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v) (60°, 100%, 50[1]%)
Source X11 color names
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Olive is a dark yellowish-green color,[2] like that of unripe or green olives. As a color word in the English language, it appears in late Middle English. Shaded toward gray, it becomes olive drab.


Green olives

Variations[edit]

Olivine[edit]

Green sand is actually olivine crystals, which has been eroded from lava rocks
OlivineHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #9AB973
sRGBB  (rgb) (154, 185, 115)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (17, 0, 38, 27)
HSV       (h, s, v) (87°, 38%, 73%)
Source [1]/Maerz & Paul[3]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Olivine is the typical color of the mineral olivine.

The first recorded use of Olivine as a color name in English was in 1912.[4]

Olive drab[edit]

Olive DrabHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6B8E23
sRGBB  (rgb) (107, 142, 35)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (25, 0, 75, 44)
HSV       (h, s, v) (80°, 75%, 56%)
Source X11 color names
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Olive drab is a grayish olive to dark olive brown or olive gray.[5][6] The color box at right shows one shade of the color; the pictures below show U.S. and Israeli military versions.[7]

The first recorded use of olive drab as a color name in English was in 1892.[8] Drab is an older color name, from the middle of the 16th century. It refers to a dull light brown color, the color of cloth made from undyed homespun wool. It took its name from the old French word for cloth, drap.[9]

Olive drab was the color of the standard fighting uniform for US GIs and military vehicles during World War II. US soldiers often referred to their uniforms as "OD's" due to the color. The color used at the beginning of the war by the US Army was officially called Olive Drab #3, which was replaced by the darker Olive Drab #7 by 1944, and which was again replaced by Olive Green 107 or OG-107 in 1952 and continued as the official uniform color for combat fatigues through the Vietnam War, until replaced by Engineer Research & Development Laboratories (ERDL) camouflage uniforms. The ERDL uniforms were then replaced by M81 woodland camo fatigues as the primary US uniform scheme in the 1980s, and still retain olive drab as one of the color swatches in the pattern.

As a solid color, it is not as effective for camouflage as multiple-color camo schemes (i.e., US Army Combat Uniform, Tigerstripe, MARPAT, Multicam, etc.), though it is still used by the US military to color webbing and accessories. The military refers to the color as Olive Green 107, or more commonly OG 107.[10] There are very few countries still issuing uni-color Olive Drab uniforms, Israel, India, Cuba, Venezuela, and Austria being the exceptions.

In the American novel A Separate Peace, Finny says to Gene, "...and in these times of war, we all see olive drab, and we all know it is the patriotic color. All others aren't about the war; they aren't patriotic."

There are many shades and variations of olive drab; one common version is defined by the FS-595 paint standard.[11]

Dark olive green[edit]

Dark Olive GreenHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #556B2F
sRGBB  (rgb) (85, 107, 47)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (20, 0, 56, 58)
HSV       (h, s, v) (82°, 56%, 42[12]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color dark olive green.

Black olive[edit]

An example of black olives
Olive (RAL)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #3B3C36
sRGBB  (rgb) (59, 60, 54)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (2, 9, 10, 77)
HSV       (h, s, v) (70°, 10%, 24[13]%)
Source RAL
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Black olive is a color in the RAL color matching system. It is designated as RAL 6015.

The color "black olive" is a representation of the color of black olives, the variety of olives sold in cans in supermarkets.

This is one of the colors in the RAL color matching system, a color system widely used in Europe. The RAL color list first originated in 1927, and it reached its present form in 1961.

Olive in human culture[edit]

Ethnography
  • Sometimes people of what in the early 20th century was called the Mediterranean subrace of the Caucasian race are metaphorically described as being "olive-skinned", to denote shades of medium toned white skin that is darker than the average color for Caucasians, such as many people from southern Italy. (There are many varieties of olives—some olives are colored a pale brown color.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #808000 (Olive):
  2. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/olive
  3. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called olivine in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color olivine is displayed on page 59, Plate 18, Color Sample C6.
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930—McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Olivine: Page 59, Plate 18, Color Sample C6
  5. ^ American Heritage Dictionary of the American Language, 4th edition.
  6. ^ "A dull but fairly strong greyish olive colour." Collins English Dictionary
  7. ^ "Any of various shades of greenish brown, much used as a camouflage color in the armed forces." Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition.
  8. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Olive Drab: Page 53 Plate 15 Color Sample J5
  9. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1982
  10. ^ "Soldier'S Barracks Bag". Olive-drab.com. 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  11. ^ "What Does Olive Drab Mean?". Olive-drab.com. 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  12. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #556B2F (Dark Olive Green):
  13. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color # 3B3C36 (Black Olive):