Olive Hill, Kentucky

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Olive Hill, Kentucky
City
Railroad Street
Railroad Street
Location of Olive Hill, Kentucky
Location of Olive Hill, Kentucky
Coordinates: 38°18′4″N 83°10′27″W / 38.30111°N 83.17417°W / 38.30111; -83.17417Coordinates: 38°18′4″N 83°10′27″W / 38.30111°N 83.17417°W / 38.30111; -83.17417
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Carter
Incorporated March 24, 1884[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Kenny Fankell
Area
 • Total 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)
 • Land 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 748 ft (228 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,599
 • Density 799.5/sq mi (307.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 41164
Area code(s) 606
FIPS code 21-57918
GNIS feature ID 0499923
Website olivehill.ky.gov
olive-hill.org

Olive Hill is a 4th-class city along Tygarts Creek in Carter County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 1,599 during the year 2010 U.S. Census.

History[edit]

Olive Hill began as a rural trading post established by the Henderson brothers in the first part of the 19th century. Although Olive Hill was allegedly named by Elias P. Davis for his friend Thomas Oliver, there is no evidence to support this popular contention. In 1881, the town was moved from a hillside location to the current location in the Tygarts Creek valley, where the Elizabethtown, Lexington and Big Sandy Railroad had laid tracks. The C&O served Olive Hill and many other places on the railroad's Lexington Subdivision (running from Ashland to Lexington, KY); C&O merged into the Chessie System which CSX Transportation later bought out and after that CSX pulled up the railroad in the mid 1980s. Olive Hill retained and restored a passenger depot as well as a caboose ("John Hop Brown" Memorial Park).[2]

The hillside location become known as Old Olive Hill and now serves as the city's residential area. On March 24, 1884, Olive Hill incorporated as a city and served as the county seat of the short-lived Beckham County from February 9 to April 29, 1904.[3]

Geography[edit]

Olive Hill is located at 38°18′4″N 83°10′27″W / 38.30111°N 83.17417°W / 38.30111; -83.17417 (38.301007, -83.174091)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,813 people, 791 households, and 488 families residing in the city. The population density was 904.1 people per square mile (348.3/km²). There were 886 housing units at an average density of 441.8 per square mile (170.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.73% White, 0.17% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.11% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 186
1900 291 56.5%
1910 1,132 289.0%
1920 1,395 23.2%
1930 1,484 6.4%
1940 1,491 0.5%
1950 1,351 −9.4%
1960 1,398 3.5%
1970 1,197 −14.4%
1980 2,539 112.1%
1990 1,809 −28.8%
2000 1,813 0.2%
2010 1,599 −11.8%
Est. 2013 1,616 [6] 1.1%
U.S. Census Bureau[7]

There were 791 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,958, and the median income for a family was $31,071. Males had a median income of $24,063 versus $19,191 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,628. About 16.7% of families and 24.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.1% of those under age 18 and 23.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Carter County School District

Notable people[edit]

Olive Hill is the birthplace of country music singer Tom T. Hall, a fact that is noted on the "Welcome to Olive Hill" signs on the edges of town. Paul Salyers (1929-2010), a Kentucky Poet Laureate, called Olive Hill home. Bobby McCoy Jr (1961-1984) world famous for Tennessee Walking Horses had his farm just outside the City Limits. Merle "Joe" Dixon (1957 - 2014), famous story teller and French harp player, also called Olive Hill home.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Olive Hill, Kentucky". Accessed 18 September 2013.
  2. ^ http://www.olivehill.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/2CB4FB65-428B-4452-B5BB-13EF4FF8928A/0/OliveHillLongTermRecoveryPlan.pdf
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1988). "Place Names". Kentucky Place Names. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-0179-4.  Retrieved on 2010-11-05
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-23
  7. ^ Historical Census Data Retrieved on 2010-11-05

External links[edit]