|Born||April 22, 1839
Elmira, New York
|Died||April 27, 1909|
|Occupation||Stage actress, writer|
|Parents||Cornelius Ambrosius Logan|
She was born in Elmira, New York, and after being educated in Paris and London with a view to the stage, became an actress and subsequently a journalist and lecturer. Her acting career was short beginning with her debut at the Arch Street Theatre in Philadelphia in 1854 as 'Mrs. Bobtail' in Bobtail and Wagtail and ending in 1857 when she married journalist Henry A. Delisle and went to Europe. While in Europe she became a journalist herself; her first book, Photographs of Paris Life (1861), was a collection of pieces on Paris life written for American periodicals. Olive was divorced from Delisle in 1869. Olive was influenced by Artemis Ward to take up public speaking where she spoke on social and political topics. She returned briefly to the stage from 1864 until 1867. In 1864 she appeared at Wallack's Theatre in New York City in her own play of Eveleen. She corresponded for many periodicals and wrote, besides plays (including a metrical rendering of Coppée's La Pasant), a dramatization of Wilkie Collins's Armadale, and several books on theatrical matters, such as Before the Footlights and Behind the Scenes (1870). Her novel Get Thee Behind Me Satan! was published in 1872 by Smith, Victor & Company of New York.
Family and personal life
Olive was the fifth of the eight children of Irish-American actor and playwright Cornelius Ambrosius Logan. Her older siblings were stage actress Eliza Logan (1827–1872), prominent Cincinnati lawyer Thomas A. Logan (1829–1906), physician/writer/diplomat Cornelius Ambrose Logan (1832–1899), and actress and writer Celia Logan (1837–1904). Her younger sisters Alice (1844–1917), Grace, and Kate (1847–1872) also appeared on the stage; notably Alice and Grace performed in the American debut of Lydia Thompson, considered the first burlesque performance in America, at Wood's Museum in New York in September 1868; the theater was owned by George Wood, Eliza's husband.
Olive was married three times; first in 1857 to journalist Henry De Lille; they were divorced in 1869. They had at least one son, John Douglass De Lille, who was the US consul in Bristol, England when he died of a cold in 1890. Her second marriage was to journalist and diplomat William Wirt Sikes on December 19, 1871. Sikes was appointed US Consul in Cardiff in 1876, and they lived there until his death in 1883. Logan married her secretary, James O'Neill in London in 1892. They moved back to New York, but by 1906 he was an alcoholic, employed only as a watchman at Ellis Island, and, mostly deaf and destitute, Logan moved to England. Logan was aided in her time of need by her friend suffragist Tennessee Claflin. She died in an insane asylum there.
Mark Twain's opinion
Mark Twain evidently had a low opinion of Olive Logan; referring to her career as a lecturer, he said of her in his autobiography, "Olive Logan's notoriety grew out of -- only the initiated knew what. Apparently it was a manufactured notoriety, not an earned one. She did write and publish little things in newspapers and obscure periodicals, but there was no talent in them, and nothing resembling it. In a century they would not have made her known. Her name was really built up out of newspaper paragraphs set afloat by her husband, who was a small-salaried minor journalist."
|Library resources about
|By Olive Logan|
- Boston Evening Transcript, April 28, 1909, "Famous American Journalist", p. 5
- Janesville (WI) Gazette, July 6, 1872, page 4.
- A History of the New York Stage , T. Allston Brown, New York: Dodd, Mead, 1903, Vol. 2, p. 524
- New York Dramatic Mirror, "London Dramatic Echoes", Nov. 1890, p. 7
- bio of Logan
- New York Times, May 1, 1909, "Olive Logan Left Effects to Friends"
- Etext version of 1924 edition of Twain's autobiography; quote from text written about 1898,
- "Logan, Olive." American Authors 1600–1900. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1938.
- Logan, Olive, The Mimic World, and Public Exhibitions: Their history, their morals, and effects. Philadelphia, PA and Cincinnati, OH: New-World Publishing Company, 1871. googlebooks Retrieved November 15, 2009
- Logan, Olive. Before the Footlights & Behind the Scenes: a book about the Show Business in all its branches: from Puppet Shows to Grand Opera; from Mountebanks to Menageries; from Learned Pigs to Lecturers; from Burlesque Blondes to Actors and Actresses. Philadelphia: Parmelee Bancroft, 1870. googlebooks Retrieved April 15, 2008
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.