Olive skin describes a skin color spectrum that originates and frequents among populations from the Mediterranean, Southern Europe, Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, parts of East Asia, and parts of South Asia.
Skin scale 
Named for its green and gold undertones (the color of an olive), it refers to an earthy skin tone which can be warm, neutral, cool, or anything in between. Typically olive skin is a darker complexion that is naturally tanned, however can be lighter in color as well. Fair olive-skinned people have light skin that in cold weather may seem "fair" or "pale", but a slight but usually noticeable olive hue remains. This distinguishing aspect of the skin type is what contributes to its name and differentiates it from other skin types.
See also 
- Arthur Kean Spears, Race and Ideology: Language, Symbolism, and Popular Culture, Wayne State University Press, 1999, p.18.