Oliver is a neighborhood in the Eastern district of Baltimore, Maryland. Its boundaries are the south side of North Avenue, the east side of Ensor Street, the west side of Broadway, and the north side of Biddle Street. This neighborhood, adjacent to Johns Hopkins Medical Campus and minutes from the Inner Harbor, lies east of the historic Greenmount Cemetery. The neighborhood is accessible by several bus lines, Johns Hopkins metro station, Charm City Circulator, Pennsylvania Station (Baltimore) and freeway.
In the past, Oliver has experienced economic depression, housing abandonment, and racial rioting. In recent years, a steadily increasing number of diverse families and young professionals have returned to the Oliver community. In hand with long term homeowners, new homeowners are experiencing a transforming community.
The neighborhood was a filming location for the Baltimore based HBO drama The Wire, and was the home of the Baltimore chapter of the Black Panther Party. Neighborhood attractions include the National Great Blacks in Wax Museum.
According to the 2010 census, the neighborhood had a total population of 4,153 people; 96.7% African-American, 1.3% White, 0.3% Asian, and 2.5% from some other or multiple ethnicities.
Though the area was once considered middle-class, it has in the last century experienced economic depression and housing abandonment. As of 2000, 25.0% of all housing units were vacant. Recently, this neighborhood has begun to rebuild new, affordable, energy efficient townhomes.
Several organizations are revitalizing the area, including the Oliver Community Association, Operation Oliver: The 6th Branch and the Oliver Economic Development Corporation.
- Great Blacks in Wax Museum
- St. Francis Xavier Church (Baltimore, Maryland)
- Dawson murder case
- Black Panther Party
- Bea Gaddy Maryland Women's Hall of Fame
- Demographics from Baltimore City Government Census 2010
- Map of Eastern District neighborhoods from Baltimore City Website
- Operation Oliver: The 6th Branch
- St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church
- Come Home Baltimore
- Preston Place Homes
- List of Resources from the Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance
- "Fighting the Power The Black Panther Party in Baltimore: The First of a Two-Part Series"., City Paper (February 2nd, 2007)
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