Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize

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The Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize is an annual award given by the American Physical Society "to recognize and encourage outstanding theoretical or experimental contributions to condensed matter physics." It was endowed by AT&T Bell Laboratories as a means of recognizing outstanding scientific work. The prize is named in honor of Oliver Ellsworth Buckley, a former president of Bell Labs.

The prize is normally awarded to one person but may be shared if multiple recipients contributed to the same accomplishments. Nominations are active for three years. The prize was endowed in 1952 and first awarded in 1953.

Year Name Institution Citation
1953 William Shockley Bell Labs
1954 John Bardeen Bell Labs
1955 LeRoy Apker General Electric Research Laboratory
1956 Clifford G. Shull Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1957 Charles Kittel University of California, Berkeley
1958 Nicolaas Bloembergen Harvard University
1959 Conyers Herring Stanford University
1960 Benjamin Lax Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1961 Walter Kohn University of California, San Diego
1962 Bertram N. Brockhouse McMaster University
1963 William M. Fairbank Stanford University
1964 Philip W. Anderson Princeton University
1965 Ivar Giaever General Electric Research Laboratory
1966 Theodore H. Maiman Hughes Research Laboratories
1967 Harry G. Drickamer University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
1968 J. Robert Schrieffer University of Pennsylvania
1969 J. J. Hopfield Princeton University
D. G. Thomas Bell Labs
1970 Theodore H. Geballe Stanford University For experiments that challenged theoretical understanding and opened up the technology of high-field superconductors.[1]
Bernd T. Matthias University of California, San Diego
1971 Erwin Hahn University of California, Berkeley
1972 James C. Phillips Bell Labs
1973 Gen Shirane Brookhaven National Laboratory
1974 Michael Tinkham Harvard University
1975 Albert W. Overhauser Purdue University
1976 George Feher University of California, San Diego
1977 Leo P. Kadanoff Brown University
1978 George D. Watkins Lehigh University
1979 Marvin Cohen University of California, Berkeley
1980 William E. Spicer Stanford University
Dean E. Eastman IBM Research
1981 David M. Lee Cornell University
Robert Coleman Richardson
Douglas D. Osheroff Bell Labs
1982 Bertrand I. Halperin Harvard University
1983 Alan J. Heeger University of California, Santa Barbara
1984 Daniel C. Tsui Princeton University
Horst L. Stormer Bell Labs
Arthur C. Gossard
1985 Robert O. Pohl Cornell University
1986 Robert B. Laughlin Stanford University For his contribution to our understanding of the quantum Hall effect.
1987 Robert J. Birgeneau Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1988 Frank F. Fang IBM Research
Alan B. Fowler
Phillip J. Stiles Brown University
1989 Hellmut Fritzsche University of Chicago
1990 David Edwards Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
1991 Patrick A. Lee Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1992 Richard A. Webb IBM Research
1993 F. Duncan M. Haldane Princeton University For his contribution to the theory of low-dimensional quantum systems.
1994 Aron Pinczuk Bell Labs
1995 Rolf Landauer IBM Research For his invention of the scattering theory approach to the analysis and modeling of electronic transport.
1996 Charles Pence Slichter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign For his original and creative applications of the magnetic resonance techniques to elucidate the microscopic properties of condensed matter systems including, especially, superconductors.
1997 James S. Langer University of California, Santa Barbara For contributions to the theory of the kinetics of phase transitions particularly as applied to nucleation and dendritic growth.
1998 Dale J. van Harlingen University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign For using phase-sensitive experiments in the elucidation of the orbital symmetry of the pairing function in high-Tc superconductors.
Donald M. Ginsberg
John R. Kirtley IBM Research
Chang C. Tsuei
1999 Sidney R. Nagel University of Chicago For his innovative studies of disordered systems ranging from structural glasses to granular materials.
2000 Gerald. J. Dolan Immunicon Corporation For pioneering contributions to single electron effects in mesoscopic systems.
Theodore. A. Fulton Bell Labs
Marc A. Kastner Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2001 Alan Harald Luther Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics For fundamental contribution to the theory of interacting electrons in one dimension.
Victor John Emery Brookhaven National Laboratory
2002 Jainendra Jain Pennsylvania State University For theoretical and experimental work establishing the composite fermion model for the half-filled Landau level and other quantized Hall systems.
Nicholas Read Yale University
Robert Willett Bell Labs
2003 Boris Altshuler Princeton University For seminal contributions to the theory of condensed matter systems including the prediction and elucidation of the properties of new, partially ordered phases of complex materials.
2004 Tom C. Lubensky University of Pennsylvania For seminal contributions to the theory of condensed matter systems including the prediction and elucidation of the properties of new, partially ordered phases of complex materials.
David R. Nelson Harvard University
2005 David Awschalom University of California, Santa Barbara For fundamental contributions to experimental studies of quantum spin dynamics and spin coherence in condensed matter systems.
Myriam Sarachik City University of New York
Gabriel Aeppli London Center for Nanotechnology
2006 Noel A. Clark University of Colorado, Boulder For groundbreaking experimental and theoretical contributions to the fundamental science and applications of liquid crystals, particularly their ferroelectric and chiral properties.
Robert Meyer Brandeis University
2007 James P. Eisenstein California Institute of Technology For fundamental experimental and theoretical research on correlated many-electron states in low-dimensional systems.
Steven M. Girvin Yale University
Allan H. MacDonald University of Texas, Austin
2008 Mildred Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology For pioneering contributions to the understanding of electronic properties of materials, especially novel forms of carbon.
2009 Jagadeesh Moodera Massachusetts Institute of Technology For pioneering work in the field of spin-dependent tunneling and for the application of these phenomena to the field of magnetoelectronics.
Paul Tedrow
Robert Meservey
Terunobu Miyazaki Tohoku University
2010 Alan Mackay Birkbeck College, University of London For pioneering contributions to the theory of quasicrystals, including the prediction of their diffraction pattern.
Dov Levine Technion University
Paul Steinhardt Princeton University
2011 Juan Carlos Campuzano Argonne National Laboratory For innovations in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, which advanced the understanding of the cuprate superconductors, and transformed the study of strongly-correlated electronic systems.
Peter Johnson Brookhaven National Laboratory
Zhi-Xun Shen Stanford University
2012 Charles L. Kane University of Pennsylvania For the theoretical prediction and experimental observation of the quantum spin Hall effect, opening the field of topological insulators.
Laurens W. Molenkamp University of Würzburg
Shoucheng Zhang Stanford University
2013 John Slonczewski IBM Research For predicting spin-transfer torque and opening the field of current-induced control over magnetic nanostructures.
Luc Berger Carnegie Mellon University
2014 Philip Kim Columbia University For his discoveries of unconventional electronic properties of graphene.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Levy, Dawn. "New advanced materials laboratory dedicated in Geballe's honor". Stanford University. Retrieved 17 August 2013.