Oliver Filley House
Capt. Oliver Filley House
South profile, 2010
|Area||144.4 acres (58.4 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Governing body||Town of Bloomfield|
|NRHP Reference #||07000420|
|Added to NRHP||May 15, 2007|
The Oliver Filley House is a historic Greek Revival house at 130 Mountain Avenue in Bloomfield, Connecticut, United States. It was occupied by Captain Oliver Filley and his family, a tinsmith who served as a captain in the Connecticut militia during the War of 1812.
Oliver Filley Senior and Junior
Shortly after the end of the Revolutionary War, Oliver Filley Sr. purchased land and a house in Wintonbury.  He died at the age of 39 in 1796, leaving a part of the family farm to his 12-year-old son Oliver Jr. Filley received only nine acres (3.6 ha) at the time of his father's death, but would add to his holdings, and eventually built up the farm to include the original holdings. He started a tinsmith business in 1806, a year after marrying Annis Humphrey from nearby Simsbury. His business grew, and he expanded his operations with manufacturing and warehousing in Elizabethtown, New Jersey.
Filley operated out of the New Jersey location, until the War of 1812 forced him to return to Connecticut. The Federalists of New England were not in favor of the war; as a consequence, the Connecticut troops were not placed under federal control. Filley was appointed captain in 1812, and put in charge of forty militiamen, but he did not see any combat as the British did not reach this far north.
Filley built the house for his son Jay in 1834. It is a stone building, built in a Greek Revival style. The walls are made of rubblestone and multi-colored traprock. The floor plan is unusual, consisting of two intersecting wings. The primary living quarters were in the west wing. Filley's decision to build a stone house was partly motivated by the desire of his son, but he was also aware that a stone house was becoming a status symbol in the area. It would become the third stone house in Bloomfield, following a house built two year earlier by David Grant, and one built a year earlier by Francis Gillette.
The house is now owned by the town of Bloomfield, which is planning a restoration project.
- "National Register Information System" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-04-02.and Accompanying exterior photos from April 2006
- Southerton, p. 54.
- Southerton, p. 55.
- Southerton, p. 60.
- Southerton, p. 62.
- "The Captain Oliver Filley House" (PDF). The Wintonbury Historical Society. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- "Filley House". Wintonbury Historical Society, Inc. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- Donald G. Southerton (10 June 2005). The Filleys: 350 Years of American Entrepreneurial Spirit. iUniverse. ISBN 978-0-595-35462-7. Retrieved 21 October 2010.