Oliver S. Glisson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oliver Spencer Glisson
RearAdmiralOliverSGlisson.jpg
Circa 1868-1870 sepia albumen photo
Born (1809-01-18)January 18, 1809
Mount Pleasant, Ohio
Died November 20, 1890(1890-11-20) (aged 81)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Place of burial The Woodlands Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1826-1871
Rank USN Rear Admiral rank insignia.jpg Rear Admiral
Commands held

USS Reefer
USS Powhatan
USS John P. Kennedy
USS Ice Boat
USS Mount Vernon
USS Iroquois
USS Mohican
USS Santiago de Cuba

European Squadron
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
American Civil War

Oliver Spencer Glisson (January 18, 1809 – November 20, 1890), was a rear admiral of the United States Navy who served during the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War.[1][2]:136

Childhood[edit]

Glisson was born to Thomas Glisson [(1783-03-08)March 8, 1783 – October 17, 1849(1849-10-17) (aged 66)] and Rebecca Runyan Glisson [(1785-04-24)April 24, 1785 – October 21, 1843(1843-10-21) (aged 58)] near Mount Pleasant, Ohio, (Mount Healthy since 1850) in Hamilton County, the second of ten children.[3]

  • Spencer Glisson [(1807-05-07)May 7, 1807 – December 11, 1828(1828-12-11) (aged 21)].
  • Oliver Spencer Glisson
  • Caleb Glisson [(1811-11-09)November 9, 1811 – January 1, 1840(1840-01-01) (aged 28)].
  • Sarah Wiggans Glisson [(1813-01-27)January 27, 1813 – January 1, 1850(1850-01-01) (aged 36)].
  • Thomas Runyan Glisson [(1816-01-29)January 29, 1816 – January 8, 1901(1901-01-08) (aged 84)].
  • Mary Ann Glisson [(1817-01-09)January 9, 1817 – September 14, 1895(1895-09-14) (aged 78)].[4]
  • John Scott Glisson [(1819-04-04)April 4, 1819 – November 16, 1858(1858-11-16) (aged 39)].[5]
  • Harriet Hannah Glisson [(1821-03-26)March 26, 1821 – February 13, 1842(1842-02-13) (aged 20)].
  • Edward Johnston Glisson [(1823-08-16)August 16, 1823 – January 1, 1850(1850-01-01) (aged 26)].
  • Martha Matilda Glisson [(1827-04-18)April 18, 1827 – April 14, 1848(1848-04-14) (aged 20)].

The family relocated to a farm east of Brookville, Indiana, in neighboring Franklin county around 1817. To attend school, Glisson lived at the Brookville home of Dr. David Oliver. After Glisson entered the U.S. Navy, his family moved back to Hamilton County on a farm located in Colerain Township around 1828.[6]:556

Naval career (1826–1844)[edit]

USS Grampus

Glisson was recruited from Indiana as a midshipman on November 1, 1826. Among his sponsors were Senator James Noble, Governor James Ray, Judge John Test and Indiana Supreme Court Judge John T. McKinney.[6]:557[7]:250

Glisson's first cruise was aboard the corvette USS John Adams in the West Indies Squadron during 1827–28. He transferred within the squadron to the sloop-of-war USS Falmouth 1829–30 and then the schooner USS Grampus 1831–32.[8]:3[9]:56

Promoted to passed midshipman on June 4, 1832, Glisson was assigned to the Mediterranean Squadron 1832–35 aboard the ship of the line USS Delaware. Launching from Hampton Roads on July 30, 1833, the first port of call was New York Harbor to pick up Edward Livingston, minister plenipotentiary to France. After landing Livingston at Cherbourg Harbour, the ship proceeded to the Mediterranean Sea. Two crew members published a book detailing the ports which the ship called until their arrival at Port Mahon on October 9, 1835.[10]:26[11]:60–61

In 1836 while performing land duty in the Norfolk Navy Yard, Glisson married Pamela Parker and took up residence. On February 9, 1837, he was promoted to lieutenant and served as a recruiter during the Norfolk Rendezvous 1837–38.[12]:30

Glisson was sent to the Brazil Squadron aboard the sloop-of-war USS Fairfield 1839–42. Returned to the West India Squadron, he sailed on the sloop-of-war USS Marion 1843–44.[8]:3–4[13]:466

The sloop-of-war USS Saratoga carried him during patrol of the South American coast for another tour in the Brazil Squadron 1845–46.[14]:(3)

Naval career (1845–1860)[edit]

USS Powhatan

During the Mexican–American War he was given his first command, the pilot schooner USS Reefer in the Home Squadron. For the duration of the war, Glisson sailed the Gulf of Mexico off Mexico's east coast. At the end of naval fighting in June 1847, Reefer and her sister ships settled down to blockade duty and maintained both water lines of supply and communication for the Army.[15]:58[16]:7–

After the war from 1848 through 1850, he served in the Norfolk Navy Yard again and then was granted permission to take special duty between 1851 and 1852.[8]:4

Glisson was attached to the steam frigate USS Powhatan in 1853 for a tour with the East India Squadron. Until 1855, he participated in the Japan Expedition and was in Japan when the first treaty was signed by Commodore Matthew Perry. Promoted to commander on September 14, 1855, he remained with the East India Squadron commanding the store ship USS John P. Kennedy through 1856.[17]

Returning to the United States for land assignment, Glisson spent 1857–60 based at the Philadelphia Naval Asylum.[12]:30

Naval career (1861–1865)[edit]

USS Mount Vernon

At the commencement of the American Civil War, Glisson was assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron in which he remained until the close of the war. On April 23, 1861, he took charge of the borrowed USS Ice Boat, monitoring the Aquia Creek vicinity to intercept trade across the Potomac River between Virginia and Maryland. Next, Glisson received command of the steamer USS Mount Vernon to patrol the Atlantic coast in and off the Rappahannock River.[18]:257

On July 15, 1861, Glisson rescued six refugee slaves found hiding on Stingray Point Light. The slaves had escaped the Confederate Army which was forcing them to the front as human shields during battles. Glisson requested authorization from Silas Stringham, the commander of the Atlantic Blocking Squadron, who in turn relayed the request to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles. Even before Stringham wrote Welles, Glisson reported on July 17 he had picked up three more slaves, claiming they would be killed if they were returned. Welles responded July 22 "It is not the policy of the Government to invite or encourage this class of desertions, and yet, under the circumstances, no other course than that pursued by Commander Glisson could be adopted without violating every principle of humanity."[19]:7-10[20]:7-8

Under the cover of night on December 31, 1861, Glisson approached an unmanned light-boat, which had previously been stationed as a beacon off of Frying Pan Shoals. It was anchored under the guns of Fort Caswell to be outfitted with armaments for its new function to defend the fort. A detachment of volunteers from the crew set the light-boat afire and suffered no casualties despite heavy gunfire from the fort during their withdrawal.[21]:249–250[22]:175

The transport USS Mississippi, which was bound for the offensive to capture New Orleans with General Benjamin Butler's expedition of 1,500 men, was run up onto the Frying Pan Shoals the morning of February 26, 1862. Dropping achor confirmed the Mississippi, with a draft of 18 feet (5.5 m), was in 14 feet (4.3 m) of water. Meanwhile the ship forged onto a fluke of the anchor punching a hole through the hull about 5 inches (0.13 m) square. Although the sea was calm and the fore compartment was sealed, danger of break up or capsize was imminent. It would have taken days to land the troops using the ship's boats and the shore was hostile territory. Glisson, in the Mount Vernon, happened upon the ship and began rescue operations by tying off a hawser to pull the ship free. 300 troops were offloaded onto the Mount Vernon, munitions and food were thrown overboard, pumps were manned, the engines worked at full speed and troops ran back and forth between stern and bow to rock the boat free. But the Mississippi remained fast until just after sundown as the high tide finally lifted the ship enough to pull free, preventing a catastrophe and allowing the Mississippi to resume its course after repairs to the hull.[8]:4–5[23]:337-351

Glisson took command of steam sloops of war, the USS Iroquois in the West Gulf Blockading Squadron and then the USS Mohican from the latter part of 1862 through 1864. He was promoted to captain December 26, 1862. The Mohican, stationed at the Cape de Verde Islands for six months, took part in the chase of the CSS Alabama. Relocating to Bahia, Glisson learned they had just missed the Alabama by twenty–four hours. While at the island of Fernando de Noronha Glisson saved the crew of a French vessel, for which he received the thanks of the French government.[8]:6

Glisson helmed the steamer USS Santiago de Cuba from 1864 through 1865.[24] His actions in the first and second attacks on Fort Fisher earned him a promotion recommendation from Admiral David Porter.[25]:697–698

Naval career (1866–1871)[edit]

USS Franklin circa 1880

On July 25, 1866, Glisson was commissioned as commodore and oversaw the station at League Island, Philadelphia from 1867–69. He was appointed rear admiral June 10, 1870 and ordered to the command of the European Squadron just as the Franco-Prussian War had commenced.[18] :80[26]:58–60

Arriving at Flushing, Netherlands with his wife, Glisson relieved his predecessor, Rear Admiral William Radford and hoisted his pennant above his flag ship, the steam frigate USS Franklin. From Flushing, the Franklin was compelled to sail to Portsmouth, England for repairs upon her propeller.[8]:142

After repairs were completed, the Franklin set course to Lisbon, Portugal for coal. While there, Glisson was asked to participate in the wedding of Charles Allen Perkins, attaché for the American Legation. The bride was the Princess Dona Maria Isabella Francoise de Bourbon, granddaughter of King Charles IV of Spain and exiled in Portugal. Glisson escorted the bride and gave her away instead of her father, diplomat Ignacio Gurowski, who was unable to attend. The wedding was performed twice: once in the Church of St. Louis of the French and again on board the Franklin.[6]:144–45

Leaving Lisbon, the Franklin next dropped anchor in Naples, Italy and then at Nice, France. After slightly over seven months in Europe, Glisson was placed on the retired list January 18, 1871 as he approached the mandatory age of 62. He relinquished squadron command to Rear Admiral Charles S. Boggs and returned with his wife to the United States.[27]:692

Marriage and family[edit]

Glisson married Pamela A. Parker [c. 1816 – June 5, 1890(1890-06-05) (aged 73)] in Norfolk, Virginia April 24, 1835. She was the daughter of Copeland Parker [1777 - 1830 (aged 50)] and his second wife Diana Robinson Hall [1780 - 1856 (aged 75)]. The Glissons had four sons, all born in Norfolk, Virginia:

  • Oliver Spencer Glisson, Jr. [(1845-05-27)May 27, 1845 – August 31, 1929(1929-08-31) (aged 84)]
    • Married Millicent VanKeuren [c. 1877 – c. 1935 (aged 58)] in Long Branch, New Jersey September 16, 1893, no children.
  • Copeland Parker Glisson [(1847-11-25)November 25, 1847 – February 25, 1851(1851-02-25) (aged 3)][28]
  • William Everard Glisson [c. (1849-07-01)July 1, 1849 – November 18, 1857(1857-11-18) (aged 8)][29]
  • Jacob Haffner Glisson [c.1853 – c. 1935]
    • Married Ella P. Irwin [(1853-05-14)May 14, 1853 – c. 1942 (aged 90)] in Camden, New Jersey April 23, 1894, no children.[30]

After the Civil War, Glisson moved his family to 1630 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He spent the rest of his life there with a vacation home in Long Branch, New Jersey.[31]:77

Legacy[edit]

The biography To the Loving Memory of Rear Admiral Oliver S. Glisson, U.S.N. was published by Glisson's sons, Oliver Jr. and Jacob, in 1891. Most of the 146 page book is devoted to Glisson's Civil War engagements via contemporary first-hand newspaper accounts written by A.F. and C.C. Fulton, editors and proprietors of the Baltimore American.

Glisson House at 405 Duke Street, Norfolk, Virginia is a Greek Revival home that Glisson had built circa 1840. The three story home is located in the West Freemason Street Historic District and Hunter House Victorian Museum includes the house in its walking and guided tours.[32][33]

In 1850, Glisson retained attorney Thomas S. Yeatman to map plats on the farm of his recently deceased father, Thomas Glisson. Glisson Subdivision is situated south of the village of Dunlap, Ohio which had formed in 1849.[34]:384

A storm near Smithfield, Virginia in 1884 caused the roof of the Old Brick Church to fall, collapsing a portion of the eastern wall also. Glisson contributed to the restoration effort, sponsoring the pulpit and sounding board. The relatives of Glisson's wife Pamela dwelt in the Smithfield area and the donation was made in her name.[35]:50–53

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oliver S. Glisson". Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Find A Grave. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States. Washington, District of Columbia: Government Printing Office. 1891. 
  3. ^ Glisson, Phillip L. "References for Glisson's in Ohio". Glisson Families in America. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Harrell-Sesniak, Mary. "Grave Site of Mary Ann Glisson Ticer". Find A Grave. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Partlow, Marc. "John Scott Glisson Grave Site". Find A Grave. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Reifel, August (1915). History of Franklin County, Indiana. Indianapolis, Indiana: B.F. Bowen & Company, Inc. 
  7. ^ Cottman, George S. (1915). Centennial History and Handbook of Indiana. Indianapolis, Indiana: Max R. Hyman. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Fulton, C.C. and A.F. (1891). To the Loving Memory of Rear Admiral Oliver S. Glisson. Baltimore, Maryland: The American Book and Job Printing Office. 
  9. ^ Stewart, Reverend O.S. (1836). The Naval Magazine, Volume 1, Number 1. New York, New York: John S. Taylor. 
  10. ^ Israel, John and Henry Lundt (1835). Journal of a Cruize in the U.S. Ship Delaware 74, in the Mediterranean, in the years 1833 and 1834. Port Mahon, Spain: The Widow Serra and Son, Printers. 
  11. ^ Homans, Benjamin (1834). The Military and Naval Magazine of the United States, Volume II. Washington, District of Columbia: William Greer, Printer. 
  12. ^ a b Hamersly, Lewis R. (1870). The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J.B. Lippincott & Company. 
  13. ^ The National Cyclopædia of American Biography, Volume XIII. New York, New York: James T. White & Company. 1906. 
  14. ^ McKinley, Jr., William, Samuel Taylor and James C. Howe (1893). Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866. Akron, Ohio: The Werner Company. 
  15. ^ Moody, James L. (1976). Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Volume VI. Defense Dept., Navy, Naval History Division. 
  16. ^ Conner, Philip Syng Physick (1896). The Home Squadron under Commodore Conner in the War with Mexico. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (?): Privately Published. 
  17. ^ Johnson, Rossiter (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Volume IV. Boston, Massachusetts: The Biographical Society. 
  18. ^ a b Eicher, John and David (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 
  19. ^ United States Naval War Records Office (1897). Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Series I - Volume 6: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Washington, District of Columbia: Government Printing Office. 
  20. ^ Tomblin, Barbara Brooks (2009). Bluejackets and Contrabands: African Americans and the Union Navy. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2554-1. 
  21. ^ Maclay, Edgar Stanton (1894). A History of the United States Navy from 1775 to 1894, Volume II. New York, New York: D. Appleton and Company. 
  22. ^ Ammen, Daniel (1883). The Navy in The Civil War, Volume II - The Atlantic Coast. New York, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  23. ^ Butler, Benjamin F. (1892). Butler's Book. Boston, Massachusetts: A.M. Thayer and Company. 
  24. ^ Barnes, James (1911). The Photographic History of the Civil War, Volume 6: The Navies. New York, New York: The Review of Reviews. 
  25. ^ Porter, Admiral David D. (1886). The Naval History of the Civil War. New York, New York: The Sherman Publishing Company. 
  26. ^ Still, William N. (1980). American Sea Power in the Old World. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. 
  27. ^ Wilson, James Grant and Fiske, John (1887). Appletons' Clopædia of American Biography. New York, New York: D. Appleton and Company. 
  28. ^ "Copeland Parker Glisson". Block 2ND A W, Lot 29, Space 5-6, Cedar Grove Cemetery, Norfolk, Virginia. Find A Grave. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "William Everard Glisson". Block 2ND A W, Lot 29, Space 11-12-13, Cedar Grove Cemetery, Norfolk, Virginia. Find A Grave. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  30. ^ Passmore, John Andrew Moore (1897). Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Moore, Volume I. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Wickersham Printing Company. 
  31. ^ Boyd, Sibbald Fred (1890). Boyd's Philadelphia Blue Book. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: C.E. Howe Company. 
  32. ^ "Hunter House Victorian Museum Tours". Hunter House Victorian Museum. Hunter House Victorian Museum. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  33. ^ Wilson, Richard Guy (2001). Buildings of Virginia. New York, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515206-9. 
  34. ^ History of Cincinnati and Hamilton County, Ohio. Cincinnati, Ohio: S. B. Nelson & Company, Publishers. 1894. 
  35. ^ Thomas, R.S., et al. (1907). Colonial Churches: A Series of Sketches of Churches in the Original Colony of Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Southern Churchman Company.