Oliver St John, 1st Baron St John of Bletso

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Oliver St John
Baron St John of Bletso
Oliver St John, 1st Baron St John of Bletso.jpg
Oliver St John, 1st Baron St John of Bletso by Arnold Bronckorst, 1578
Agnes Fisher
Elizabeth Chamber
John St John, 2nd Baron St John of Bletso
Oliver St John, 3rd Baron St John of Bletso
Thomas St John
Francis St John
Martha St John
Judith St John
Margaret St John
Anne St John
Margery St John
Agnes St John
Father Sir John St John
Mother Margaret Waldegrave
Born c. 1522
Bletsoe, Bedfordshire
Died 21 April 1582(1582-04-21) (aged 59–60)
Occupation English peer
Arms of St John: Argent, on a chief gules two mullets or

Oliver St John of Bletsoe, 1st Baron St John of Bletso (c. 1522 – 21 April 1582)[1] was an English peer. He was the son of Sir John St John (born 1498) of Bletsoe and Spelsbury and his first wife Margaret, the daughter of Sir William Waldegrave.[2] His paternal great-great-great-grandfather Sir Oliver St John of Bletsoe, Spelsbury and Lydiard Tregoze (d. 1437) was the husband of Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, great-great-granddaughter of Roger de Beauchamp, who was summoned to Parliament as Baron Beauchamp of Bletso from 1363 to 1379. Since then that title had not been assumed although St John was considered to be the line of heir. On 13 January 1559 he was raised to the peerage himself as Baron St John of Bletso, in the county of Bedfordshire. [1]


He served in the household of Prince Edward and on his master's accession as Edward VI in 1547, he entered the royal household.[1] He was elected as knight of the shire (MP) for Bedfordshire in 1547.[1] He served as High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1551 and from 1560 to 1569 was Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire.[3]

The offices he held during his career included:[1]

Marriages and issue[edit]

Lord St John of Bletso married twice. He married firstly, before 8 February 1542, Agnes, the daughter of Sir John Fisher,[1] and by her had four sons and six daughters:[4]

  • John St John, 2nd Baron St John of Bletso
  • Oliver St John, 3rd Baron St John of Bletso
  • Thomas St John, of Thurley, Bed. (inherited when St. John of Thurley went extinct; Thomas St. John of Thurley was named as brother to Judith St. John Pelham); married Anne Bourne, widow of Thomas Chicheley and daughter of Sir John Bourne. Thomas St. John was buried 27 Dec 1621. Had at least two children: Oliver St. John and Anne St. John. He also had several step-children. His daughter Anne is believed to have married Richard Ferris and had a son, Jeffrey Ferris b. 1610 Fairfield, Connecticut.
  • Francis St John
  • Martha St John married firstly, John Cheney and secondly, James Colbrond
  • Judith St John married Sir John Pelham
  • Margaret St John married Nicholas Luke
  • Anne St John married firstly, Robert Corbet and secondly, Sir Robert Lytton
  • Margery St Johny
  • Agnes St John

He married, before 28 August 1572, Elizabeth, the daughter of Geoffrey Chamber, and widow of SirWalter Stonor (died 1551), Reginald Conyers (died 1560) and Edward Griffin (died 1569).[5]


He died 21 April 1582 and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son John.[1]



External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron St John of Bletso
Succeeded by
John St John