Olmeca

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For the ancient people, see Olmec.
For the tequila brand, see Olmeca Tequila.
Guadua
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Guaduinae
Genus: Olmeca
Soderstr. 1982
Type species
Olmeca reflexa
Soderstr. 1982
Synonyms[1]
  • Olmeca Soderstr. 1981, not validly published

Olmeca is a genus of Mesoamerican bamboo in the grass family.[2][1]

Olmeca is the only known New World bamboo having large fleshy fruits. It also has rhizomes with long necks and very open clumps.[3]

The genus is named for the Olmec peoples of southern Mexico, who thrived in southern Mexico in the First Millenium BCE.[2][4]

Species[5][6][7]
  1. Olmeca clarkiae (Davidse & R.W.Pohl) Ruiz-Sanchez, Sosa & Mejía-Saulés - Chiapas, Honduras
  2. Olmeca fulgor (Soderstr.) Ruiz-Sanchez - Oaxaca
  3. Olmeca recta Soderstr. - Veracruz
  4. Olmeca reflexa Soderstr. - Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas
  5. Olmeca zapotecorum Ruiz-Sanchez, Sosa & Mejía-Saulés - Oaxaca

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tropicos, Olmeca Soderstr.
  2. ^ a b Soderstrom, Thomas Robert. 1982. Phytologia 51(2): 161.
  3. ^ Soderstrom, Thomas Robert. 1981. American Journal of Botany 68: 1361-1373
  4. ^ Diehl, Richard (2004). The Olmecs: America's First Civilization. Ancient peoples and places series. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-02119-8. OCLC 56746987. 
  5. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  6. ^ Ruiz-Sanchez, Eduardo, Sosa, Victoria, & Mejía-Saules, M. Teresa. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of the Mesoamerican bamboo Olmeca (Poaceae, Bambuseae): Implications for taxonomy. Taxon 60(1): 89–98.
  7. ^ Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contributions from the United States National Herbarium vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone (eds.), Internet Catalogue of New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis