Olrat is a moribund Oceanic language spoken on Gaua island in Vanuatu.
The three remaining speakers of Olrat live on the middle-west coast of Gaua.
They merged into the larger village of Jōlap where [2 ] Lakon is dominant, after they left their inland hamlet of Olrat in the first half of the 20th century. [1 ]
Alexandre François identifies Olrat as a distinct language from its immediate neighbor Lakon, on phonological, grammatical, [3 ] and lexical [4 ] grounds. [5 ]
Phonology [ edit ]
Olrat has 14
phonemic vowels. These include 7 short /i ɪ ɛ a ɔ ʊ u/ and 7 long vowels /iː ɪː ɛː aː ɔː ʊː uː/. [6 ]
Historically, the phonologization of vowel length originates in the
compensatory lengthening of short vowels when the voiced velar fricative / ɣ/ was lost syllable-finally. [7 ]
References [ edit ]
Bibliography [ edit ]
François, Alexandre (2005), "Unraveling the History of the Vowels of Seventeen Northern Vanuatu Languages", Oceanic Linguistics 44 (2): 443–504, doi: 10.1353/ol.2005.0034
François, Alexandre (2007), "Noun articles in Torres and Banks languages: Conservation and innovation", in Siegel, Jeff; Lynch, John; Eades, Diana, Language Description, History and Development: Linguistic indulgence in memory of Terry Crowley, Creole Language Library 30, Amsterdam: Benjamins, pp. 313–326
François, Alexandre (2011), "Social ecology and language history in the northern Vanuatu linkage: A tale of divergence and convergence", Journal of Historical Linguistics 1 (2): 175–246, doi: 10.1075/jhl.1.2.03fra .
François, Alexandre (2012), "The dynamics of linguistic diversity: Egalitarian multilingualism and power imbalance among northern Vanuatu languages", International Journal of the Sociology of Language 214: 85–110, doi: 10.1515/ijsl-2012-0022
External links [ edit ]