Olson House (Cushing, Maine)
Olson House in 1995
|Nearest city||Hathorne Point Road, Cushing, Maine|
|Governing body||Farnsworth Art Museum|
|NRHP Reference #||93001114|
|Added to NRHP||August 31, 1995|
|Designated NHL||June 23, 2011|
Olson House is a 14-room Colonial farmhouse in Cushing, Maine. The house was made famous by its depiction in Andrew Wyeth's Christina's World. The house and its occupants, Christina and Alvaro Olson, were depicted in numerous paintings and sketches by Wyeth from 1939 to 1968. The house was designated as a National Historic Landmark in June 2011. It is now a museum property owned by the Farnsworth Art Museum, and is open to the public.
The Hathorn-Olson House was built in the late 1700s by Captain Samuel Hathorn II (b abt. 1750). The house was substantially altered in 1871 by Captain Samuel Hathorn IV (1822-1892). The 1871 alterations included the addition of several bedrooms on the third floor and the construction of a steeply pitched roof. The property was inherited in 1929 from their mother Kathe Hathorn (b. abt. 1858) by Christina Olson and Alvaro Olson, descendants of the Captain Hathorn who first built on the site.
Association with Wyeth
Between 1939 and 1968, the house was depicted in paintings and sketches by the American artist Andrew Wyeth, including his 1948 masterpiece, Christina's World. Wyeth was inspired to paint Christina's World by the story of Christina Olson, who had lost the use of her legs to polio. Wyeth befriended the Olsons and maintained a studio in the house. Wyeth later recalled, "I just couldn't stay away from there. I did other pictures while I knew them but I'd always seem to gravitate back to the house." Christina and Alvaro Olson lived at the house until they died in 1968 and 1967, respectively. Christina and Alvaro Olson and Andrew Wyeth are buried in the Olson family cemetery on the property.
After Christina's death, the house was purchased in 1968 by movie director Joseph E. Levine, who was an admirer of Wyeth's work. Levine operated the house as a museum for two years starting in 1971 but the operation met with opposition from local residents. In 1974, Levine announced that he would give the property to the State of Maine, but Levine withdrew the offer in 1975 over concerns that the state lacked funding to maintain the property. The house was purchased by Apple Inc. CEO John Sculley, who put the house up for sale in 1989. Sculley eventually donated the house to the Farnsworth Art Museum in 1991.
The Olson House remains under the ownership of the Farnsworth Art Museum, which maintains it as a facility that is open for public visitation. Farnsworth executive director Christopher Brownawell noted, "This nondescript saltwater farmhouse and its connecting structure has become one of the most recognized images in American art."
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Knox County, Maine
- "Olson House: An historic site at the Farnsworth Art Museum". Farnsworth Art Museum.
- Aislinn Sarnacki (July 29, 2011). "Andrew Wyeth's Olson House paintings return to Maine". Bangor Daily News.
- Brian MacQuarrie (July 5, 2011). "Wyeth touch puts site in pantheon: Maine house in 'Christina's World' now a landmark". Boston Globe.
- Jean Sanford (August 6, 1972). "And the House that Wyeth Painted Too". The New York Times.
- Iver Peterson (July 21, 1973). "Tourists Lose Place in Christina's World". The New York Times.
- "Tourists Crowd Cushing, Me; Art Museum Closes". The Telegraph. August 1, 1973.
- "Olson House Given To Maine". Daytona Beach Morning Journal (AP story). July 19, 1974.
- "Levine Reclaims Olson House". The Lewiston Daily Sun. July 22, 1975.
- "Grassy Olson field at issue". Bangor Daily News. June 2, 1975.
- "House in Wyeth's 'Christina's World' For Sale in Maine". The Washington Post. August 10, 1989.
- "Olson house of Wyeth fame goes up for sale". Bangor Daily News. August 9, 1989.
- "In an old Maine farmhouse, see the real 'Christina's World' as Andrew Wyeth experienced it". The Washington Post (Associated Press). July 15, 2011.