Thurston County, Washington
|Thurston County, Washington|
Former Thurston County Courthouse
Location in the state of Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 12, 1852|
|Named for||Samuel Thurston|
|• Total||774 sq mi (2,005 km2)|
|• Land||722 sq mi (1,870 km2)|
|• Water||52 sq mi (135 km2), 6.7%|
|• Density||347/sq mi (133.9/km²)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 10th|
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC-8/-7|
Thurston County was created out of Lewis County by the government of Oregon Territory on January 12, 1852. At that time, it covered all of the Puget Sound region and the Olympic Peninsula. On December 22 of the same year, Pierce, King, Island, and Jefferson counties were split off from Thurston County. It is named after Samuel R. Thurston, the Oregon Territory's first delegate to Congress.
Major watersheds: Black River, Budd/Deschutes, Chehalis River, Eld Inlet, Henderson Inlet, Nisqually River, Skookumchuck River, Totten Inlet and West Capitol Forest.
- Alder Lake
- Bald Hill Lake
- Barnes Lake
- Bass Lake
- Bigelow Lake
- Black Lake
- Black River
- Budd Inlet
- Capitol Lake
- Capitol Peak
- Capitol State Forest
- Chambers Lake
- Chehalis River
- Clear Lake
- Coopers Pothole
- Deep Lake
- Deschutes River
- Elbow Lake
- Eld Inlet
- Fifteen Lake
- Gehrke Lake
- Grass Lake
- Henderson Inlet
- Hewitt Lake
- Hicks Lake
- Lake Lawrence
- Lois Lake
- Long Lake
- McIntosh Lake
- Mima Mounds
- Munn Lake
- Nisqually River
- Offut Lake
- Patterson Lake
- Puget Sound
- Reichel Lake
- Saint Clair Lake
- Scott Lake
- Simmons Lake
- Skookumchuck River
- Smith Lake
- Southwick Lake
- Springer Lake
- Summit Lake
- Susan Lake
- Totten Inlet
- Trails End Lake
- Trosper Lake
- Ward Lake
- Pierce County, Washington - northeast
- Lewis County, Washington - south
- Grays Harbor County, Washington - west
- Mason County, Washington - north/northwest
||Mason County||Pierce County|
|Grays Harbor County|
National protected areas
As of the census of 2000, there were 207,355 people, 81,625 households and 54,933 families residing in the county. The population density was 285 per square mile (110/km²). There were 86,652 housing units at an average density of 119 per square mile (46/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.66% White, 2.35% Black or African American, 1.52% Native American, 4.41% Asian, 0.52% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. 4.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.1% were of German, 10.2% English, 9.8% Irish, 6.9% United States or American and 5.5% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 81,625 households of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.
Age distribution was 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.
The median household income was $46,975, and the median family income was $55,027. Males had a median income of $40,521 versus $30,368 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,415. About 5.80% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.
- The Olympian, founded in 1889, is the newspaper of record for Thurston County.
- The Weekly Volcano has covered Thurston County entertainment since 2001.
Cities and towns
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Reinartz, Kay. "History of King County Government 1853–2002" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-29.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Newspapers: The Olympian, McClatchy Company, retrieved 2013-02-13
- Thurston County, official county site
- Thurton County Chamber of Commerce
- OlympiaCommunitySchool.org - Independent K-3 Education
- Thurston Conservation District - Local Solutions to Local Problems
- Thurston County Solid Waste - Waste prevention tips to become more green