Southeastern (train operating company)

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This article is about the company that commenced operations in April 2006. For the previous operator, see South Eastern Trains.
Southeastern
Southeastern-toc-logo-light.svg
375624 Cuxton 240113.jpg
Overview
Franchise(s): Integrated Kent
1 April 2006 – June 2018 (Originally 31 March 2014)[1][2]
Main region(s): Greater London, Kent
Other region(s): East Sussex
Fleet size: 367
Stations called at: 179
Stations operated: 174
National Rail abbreviation: SE
Parent company: Govia (Go-Ahead Group / Keolis)
Web site: www.southeasternrailway.co.uk
Route map
Route map

London & South Eastern Railway Limited, trading as Southeastern, is a British train operating company in South East England. It provides the majority of commuter/regional routes in South East London and Kent as well as some parts of East Sussex along three main routes: the Southeastern Main Line from London Cannon Street and London Charing Cross to Dover via Sevenoaks and the Chatham Main Line between London Victoria and Dover/Ramsgate via the Medway towns. Southeastern also provides services along High Speed 1 from London St. Pancras. On 1 April 2006 it became the franchisee for the new Integrated Kent franchise (IKF), replacing the publicly owned South Eastern Trains on the former South Eastern franchise.

Overview[edit]

Southeastern serves the main London stations of Charing Cross, Victoria, Blackfriars, Cannon Street, London Bridge, Waterloo East and St Pancras. The Southeastern network has a route mileage of 540, with 179 stations. About 70% of its services run to and from London.[3]

It is owned by Govia, a joint venture between Go-Ahead Group and Keolis, which also operates the neighbouring Southern franchise, which overlaps with Southeastern in some areas. The company's formal name, under which it mounted its bid for the franchise, is London and South Eastern Railway (LSER).

The managing director is Charles Horton, formerly MD of sister company Southern.

History of the franchise[edit]

Since the privatisation of British Rail, the franchise to run trains in this area has been held by three different companies. The first company to win the South Eastern franchise, on 14 October 1996, was Connex, which operated it under the name Connex South Eastern. Connex gained a reputation for unreliable services, but it was for "poor financial management" that its franchise was cut short by the Strategic Rail Authority (SRA) on 9 November 2003.[4] Train services were then taken over by South Eastern Trains, a wholly owned subsidiary of the SRA/Department for Transport created for the purpose, until bidding for a new franchise was due. This would see the existing South Eastern franchise combined with the new high-speed services to be operated on High Speed 1 (formerly known as the Channel Tunnel Rail Link) to form a new Integrated Kent Franchise (IKF).[5]

The opening of the second phase of High Speed 1 in November 2007 made available train paths on the traditional network previously used by Eurostar, allowing Southeastern to increase certain services in December 2007.[6] In December 2008, as part of the franchise agreement, responsibility for the Redhill to Tonbridge Line was handed over to Southern. Southeastern high-speed services began full operations on 14 December 2009.[7]

In March 2009 the bay platforms at London Blackfriars closed for reconstruction as part of the Thameslink Programme. Southeastern services previously terminating at Blackfriars, mostly from Sevenoaks via the Catford loop, were extended to Kentish Town, St Albans, Luton or Bedford.[8] As a result of this change, Southeastern now operates these services jointly with First Capital Connect using 20 dual-voltage Class 319 sets (which remain in FCC livery) as well as newly built Class 377 Electrostars.[9] When the station fully reopened with new bay platforms in May 2012 these services continued to run, but in the evening and at weekend (when the station had been closed) instead of terminating at Victoria services now terminate at Blackfriars.[10]

Following the Department For Transport's review after the cancellation of the InterCity West Coast franchise process, extensions were granted to the franchises due for renewal in the near future. Southeastern franchise's was extended from 31 March 2014 to June 2018.[2][1]

Javelin shuttle[edit]

British Rail Class 395 with 'Javelin' branding

The Olympic Javelin[11] or Javelin[12][13] was a high-speed train shuttle service operated by Southeastern over High Speed 1 during the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics. The service ran for the duration of both games, between St Pancras International station and Ebbsfleet International station, via Stratford International station, which is close to the Olympic Park.[14] During the Summer Olympics a service of eight trains an hour ran between St Pancras and Ebbsfleet, calling at Stratford, replacing the usual East Kent highspeed service. Two of these were extended to Ashford and one to Faversham. Between 11pm and 1am the service between St Pancras and Ebbsfleet was increased to twelve per hour.[15]

Announced as part of the successful London 2012 Olympic bid, it was an integral part of a plan to improve public transport in London in readiness for the Olympics, an area of the bid that was initially regarded as being poor by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).[citation needed] The British Olympic Association applied to register Javelin as a UK trademark on 19 July 2005 and this was granted on 2 June 2006.[16] The service was operated by Southeastern on High Speed 1 using the fleet of Class 395 trains, and because of this the class is sometimes referred to as the Javelin.[17][18]

At St Pancras there is interchange with the Underground and with trains to/from the Midlands, Scotland, and the North of England. For track capacity reasons, Eurostar trains, which have never called at Stratford, did not do so during the games.[14] It was expected that over 80% of Olympic spectators would travel to and from the venues by rail. Services to the Olympic Park were planned to offer a total capacity of 240,000 travellers per hour, some 25,000 of whom were expected to use the Javelin service.

Southeastern Brands[edit]

Southeastern has three distinct sub-brands: Highspeed (grey), Mainline (green) or Metro (pink) and colours its network map accordingly.

Highspeed[edit]

Typical Highspeed Train

Southeastern[19] introduced a full timetable of domestic high-speed services branded Southeastern Highspeed over High Speed 1 between London St Pancras and Ashford International on 13 December 2009; a limited preview service had been running since 29 June 2009. High-speed trains use High Speed 1 calling at Stratford International and Ebbsfleet International. Trains from London to the Medway towns and Faversham leave the high-speed line at Ebbsfleet and continue via the North Kent line and Chatham Main Line. Trains for Dover Priory and Margate leave the high-speed line at Ashford International. A limited peak-hour service now also operates between St Pancras and Maidstone West via Ebbsfleet and Strood.

When bidding for the franchise, Southeastern made a point of advertising part-owner SNCF's experience operating integrated high-speed train services on the French TGV network.[20] A fleet of 29 six-coach Shinkansen-derived high-speed 'A-trains' were built in Japan by Hitachi for this route.[21] Known as Class 395, this was Hitachi's first train sale in Britain. The colour scheme for the high-speed trains is dark blue. The services are marketed as Southeastern Highspeed, and some of the trains are named after British Olympians such as Steve Redgrave and Ben Ainslie.[22][23]

Off-peak journey times from Kent towns to London using classic lines and High Speed 1 in October 2012.

At the same time there was the largest change to the timetable in the area in 40 years. With the fast trains now travelling over High Speed 1, the Charing Cross to Ashford stopping service was extended to Dover, Canterbury and Ramsgate. It was noted by Barry Doe, fares and timetables columnist for RAIL, that some high-speed services were not much faster than the previous main-line services, especially those on the North Kent coast, but that the main-line services had been slowed down in the new timetable, notably by the addition of extra stops, making the high-speed services appear much faster by comparison.[citation needed]

Fares for journeys that include the High Speed 1 section of line (between St Pancras International and Gravesend) generally include a surcharge.

Mainline[edit]

Typical Mainline Train

Southeastern[24] is the key operator for Kent, and also serves East Sussex. 'Mainline' services connect central London with Dover, Folkestone, Hastings, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Ramsgate, Chatham, Maidstone and Canterbury. The backbone fleet on these services is the Class 375 Electrostar, although the Class 465/9 Networker is also used on occasion.

In December 2009 Southeastern saw 'Highspeed' trains stopping at 'Mainline' stations, and some longer timings on 'Mainline' services as trains called at more stations. Services to Tonbridge were maintained at six trains per hour off-peak, two per hour going forward to Ashford and beyond, two per hour to Hastings, and two per hour terminating at Tunbridge Wells. With high-speed services reaching Faversham, the half-hourly Victoria to Faversham stopping service was replaced with an hourly service to Gillingham and additional stops on the "fast" services to London Victoria. On the Maidstone East Line, services from London Cannon Street to Ashford International via Maidstone East and from London Victoria to Maidstone East and to Canterbury West via Ashford were replaced by a half-hourly Victoria to Ashford service. The Strood to Paddock Wood service was extended to Tonbridge. The Sittingbourne to Sheerness on Sea Branch Line also comes under 'Mainline' services,[citation needed] but is mainly operated by Class 466 Networkers.

Metro[edit]

Typical Metro Train

Southeastern[25] serves south-east and south London, its central stations being London Blackfriars, London Bridge, London Charing Cross, London Cannon Street, London Victoria and Waterloo East. 'Metro' trains serve Greenwich, New Cross, Lewisham, Dartford, Gravesend, Woolwich Arsenal, Hayes, Peckham Rye, Bromley South, Bexleyheath, Orpington and Sevenoaks, and also run a joint service with First Capital Connect Thameslink route with a service from Sevenoaks via Catford to Kentish Town or further north. Trains change company operation at London Blackfriars. Southeastern runs Class 376 Electrostar, Class 466 & Class 465 Networkers for 'Metro' services, although a Class 375 Electrostar is used on occasion.

On New Year's Eve, some Metro services operate all through the night.

Current routes[edit]

Current weekday off-peak services. These services are:[26]

High Speed Line
Route Frequency Calling at
London St Pancras International to Faversham via Ebbsfleet and Chatham 2 trains per hour Stratford International, Ebbsfleet International, Gravesend, Strood, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham (Kent), Rainham (Kent) and Sittingbourne
London St Pancras International to Dover Priory via Ebbsfleet and Ashford 1 train per hour Stratford International, Ebbsfleet International, Ashford International, Folkestone West and Folkestone Central
London St Pancras International to Margate via Ebbsfleet, Ashford and Canterbury West 1 train per hour Stratford International, Ebbsfleet International, Ashford International, Canterbury West, Ramsgate and Broadstairs
Ashford Line (Mainline)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Charing Cross to Dover Priory 1 train per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Paddock Wood, Marden, Staplehurst, Headcorn, Pluckley, Ashford International, Westenhanger, Sandling, Folkestone West and Folkestone Central
Service runs with service to Ramsgate via Canterbury West between Charing Cross and Ashford International, where services divide.
London Charing Cross to Ramsgate via Canterbury West 1 train per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Paddock Wood, Marden, Staplehurst, Headcorn, Pluckley, Ashford International, Wye, Canterbury West, Sturry and Minster
Service runs with service to Dover Priory between Charing Cross and Ashford International, where services divide.
London Charing Cross to Canterbury West 1 train per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Paddock Wood, Marden, Staplehurst, Headcorn, Pluckley, Ashford International, Wye, Chilham and Chartham
Service runs with service to Ramsgate via Dover Priory between Charing Cross and Ashford International, where services divide.
London Charing Cross to Ramsgate via Dover Priory 1 train per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Paddock Wood, Marden, Staplehurst, Headcorn, Pluckley, Ashford International, Westenhanger, Sandling, Folkestone West, Folkestone Central, Dover Priory, Martin Mill, Walmer, Deal and Sandwich
Service runs with service to Canterbury West between Charing Cross and Ashford International, where services divide.
Chatham Line (Mainline)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Victoria to Ramsgate (Stopping) via Chatham 1 train per hour Bromley South, Longfield, Meopham, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham (Kent), Rainham (Kent), Sittingbourne, Teynham, Faversham, Whitstable, Chestfield & Swalecliffe, Herne Bay, Birchington-on-Sea, Westgate-on-Sea, Margate, Broadstairs and Dumpton Park
Service runs with service to Dover Priory between London Victoria and Faversham, where services divide.
London Victoria to Ramsgate (Fast) via Chatham 1 train per hour Bromley South, Longfield, Meopham, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham (Kent), Rainham (Kent), Newington, Sittingbourne, Faversham, Whitstable, Herne Bay, Birchington-on-Sea, Margate and Broadstairs
Service runs with service to Dover Priory between London Victoria and Faversham, where services divide.
London Victoria to Dover Priory (Stopping) via Chatham 1 train per hour Bromley South, Longfield, Meopham, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham (Kent), Rainham (Kent), Sittingbourne, Teynham, Faversham, Selling, Canterbury East, Bekesbourne, Adisham, Aylesham, Snowdown, Shepherds Well and Kearsney
Service runs with service to Ramsgate between London Victoria and Faversham, where services divide.
London Victoria to Dover Priory (Fast) via Chatham 1 train per hour Bromley South, Longfield, Meopham, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham (Kent), Rainham (Kent), Newington, Sittingbourne, Faversham and Canterbury East
Service runs with service to Ramsgate between London Victoria and Faversham, where services divide.
London Victoria to Gillingham (Kent) via Bromley South 1 train per hour Bromley South, St Mary Cray, Swanley, Farningham Road, Longfield, Meopham, Sole Street, Rochester and Chatham
Hastings Line (Mainline)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Charing Cross to Hastings via Tunbridge Wells (stopping) 1 train per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Orpington, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, High Brooms, Tunbridge Wells, Frant, Wadhurst, Stonegate, Etchingham, Robertsbridge, Battle, Crowhurst, West St Leonards and St Leonards Warrior Square
London Charing Cross to Hastings via Tunbridge Wells (semi-fast) 1 train per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Orpington, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, High Brooms, Tunbridge Wells, Wadhurst, Battle and St Leonards Warrior Square
London Charing Cross to Tunbridge Wells via Orpington 2 trains per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Orpington, Sevenoaks, Hildenborough, Tonbridge and High Brooms
Maidstone East Line (Mainline)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Victoria to Ashford International via Maidstone East (stopping) 1 train per hour Bromley South, St Mary Cray, Swanley, Otford, Kemsing, Borough Green & Wrotham, West Malling, East Malling, Barming, Maidstone East, Bearsted, Hollingbourne, Harrietsham, Lenham and Charing
London Victoria to Ashford International via Maidstone East (semi-fast) 1 train per hour Bromley South, Swanley, Otford, Borough Green & Wrotham, West Malling, Maidstone East and Bearsted
Medway Valley Line (Mainline)
Route Frequency Calling at
Strood to Maidstone West 1 train per hour Cuxton, Halling, Snodland, New Hythe, Aylesford and Maidstone Barracks
Strood to Tonbridge 1 train per hour Cuxton, Halling, Snodland, New Hythe, Aylesford, Maidstone Barracks, Maidstone West, East Farleigh, Wateringbury, Yalding, Beltring and Paddock Wood
Sheerness Line (Mainline)
Route Frequency Calling at
Sittingbourne to Sheerness-on-Sea 2 trains per hour Kemsley, Swale and Queenborough
Bexleyheath Line (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Victoria to Dartford via Bexleyheath 2 trains per hour Denmark Hill, Peckham Rye, Nunhead, Lewisham, Blackheath, Kidbrooke, Eltham, Falconwood, Welling, Bexleyheath and Barnehurst
London Charing Cross to Dartford via Bexleyheath 2 trains per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Lewisham, Blackheath, Kidbrooke, Eltham, Falconwood, Welling, Bexleyheath and Barnehurst
London Cannon Street loop Service via Bexleyheath and Slade Green 2 trains per hour London Bridge, New Cross, St Johns, Lewisham, Blackheath, Kidbrooke, Eltham, Falconwood, Welling, Bexleyheath and Barnehurst
Service returns to Cannon Street via Woolwich Arsenal and Greenwich.
Bromley South Line (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Victoria to Orpington via Beckenham Junction 4 trains per hour Brixton, Herne Hill, West Dulwich, Sydenham Hill, Penge East, Kent House, Beckenham Junction, Shortlands, Bromley South, Bickley and Petts Wood
Kentish Town to Sevenoaks via Blackfriars and Beckenham Hill 2 trains per hour St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, Elephant and Castle, Denmark Hill, Peckham Rye, Nunhead, Crofton Park, Catford, Bellingham, Beckenham Hill, Ravensbourne, Shortlands, Bromley South, Bickley, St Mary Cray, Swanley, Eynsford, Shoreham, Otford and Bat and Ball
Hayes Line (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Charing Cross to Hayes bypassing Lewisham 2 trains per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Ladywell, Catford Bridge, Lower Sydenham, New Beckenham, Clock House, Elmers End, Eden Park and West Wickham
London Cannon Street to Hayes via Lewisham 2 trains per hour London Bridge, New Cross, St Johns, Lewisham, Ladywell, Catford Bridge, Lower Sydenham, New Beckenham, Clock House, Elmers End, Eden Park and West Wickham
Sevenoaks Line (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Charing Cross to Sevenoaks 2 trains per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Hither Green, Grove Park, Elmstead Woods, Chislehurst, Petts Wood, Orpington, Chelsfield, Knockholt and Dunton Green
London Cannon Street to Orpington 2 trains per hour London Bridge, New Cross, St Johns, Lewisham, Hither Green, Grove Park, Elmstead Woods, Chislehurst and Petts Wood
Sidcup Line (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Charing Cross to Gravesend via Sidcup 2 trains per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Hither Green, Lee, Mottingham, New Eltham, Sidcup, Albany Park, Bexley, Crayford, Dartford, Stone Crossing, Greenhithe, Swanscombe and Northfleet
London Cannon Street loop Service via Sidcup and Slade Green 2 trains per hour London Bridge, New Cross, St Johns, Lewisham, Hither Green, Lee, Mottingham, New Eltham, Sidcup, Albany Park, Bexley and Crayford
Service returns to Cannon Street via Woolwich Arsenal and Greenwich.
Greenwich Line (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
London Cannon Street loop Service via Woolwich Arsenal and Slade Green 4 trains per hour London Bridge, Deptford, Greenwich, Maze Hill, Westcombe Park, Charlton, Woolwich Dockyard, Woolwich Arsenal, Plumstead, Abbey Wood, Belvedere and Erith
2tph return to Cannon Street via Sidcup and 2tph return to Cannon Street via Barnehurst and Bexleyheath.
London Cannon Street to Dartford via Woolwich Arsenal 2 trains per hour London Bridge, Deptford, Greenwich, Maze Hill, Westcombe Park, Charlton, Woolwich Dockyard, Woolwich Arsenal, Plumstead, Abbey Wood, Belvedere, Erith and Slade Green
London Charing Cross to Gillingham (Kent) via Lewisham and Woolwich Arsenal 2 trains per hour Waterloo East, London Bridge, Lewisham, Blackheath, Charlton, Woolwich Arsenal, Abbey Wood, Dartford, Greenhithe, Gravesend, Higham, Strood, Rochester and Chatham
Bromley North Branch (Metro)
Route Frequency Calling at
Bromley North to Grove Park 3 trains per hour Sundridge Park

In addition to the above, there are peak-only services, These are:

  • London St Pancras to Broadstairs via Chatham
  • London St Pancras to Maidstone West via Gravesend
  • London Cannon Street to Broadstairs /Ramsgate via Chatham
  • London Cannon Street to Ore
  • Bedford to Ashford[1]

Notes

  1. Worked north of London Blackfriars by First Capital Connect.

Thameslink Programme[edit]

By the conclusion of the Thameslink Programme in 2018, it is planned that the current off-peak services from Sevenoaks via Bat and Ball will be joined by trains from Orpington together with trains from Maidstone East and Paddock Wood via London Bridge. Thameslink services to Dartford, once mooted, are not now thought feasible because of timetabling constraints. Peak-hour trains are planned from Tunbridge Wells and Ashford International via London Bridge together with trains from Maidstone East, Sevenoaks and Orpington via the Catford Loop.[27]

Ticketing[edit]

Oyster Pay-As-You-Go is now available from all Zone 1–6 stations served by the company, apart from journeys on High Speed 1 between St Pancras International and Stratford International.

Performance[edit]

Figures released by NR (Network Rail) rate punctuality at 92.6% (PPM) over period 7 of 2013/2014, and 91.0% moving annual average (MAA) for the 12 months up to 12 October 2013.[28]

In late 2010 the company faced a barrage of criticism for its performance during extreme weather conditions in the south-east of England.[29] Many commuters have indicated that they would like to see MD Charles Horton removed from his post and that the franchise be taken from Southeastern,[30] and there are also allegations that Southeastern deliberately runs reduced services to skew its official performance figures.[31]

In 2014 a survey of UK rail passenger satisfaction showed Southeastern to be the lowest rated train operating company, with just forty percent of passengers believing that a good service is provided and a rating of only one out of five for value for money. Southeastern claimed that the reason for this is that people dislike going to work and that if the survey were to be retaken on a "sunny summer's day" the outcome would be better for the company.[32]

Rolling stock[edit]

Southeastern operates a fleet of about 367 trains, all of which are electric multiple units.

Southeastern will receive 100 Class 377 units in coming years according to Department for Transport documents published in September 2013, relating to the new combined Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern Franchise.[33]

Current fleet[edit]

Since 22 March 2009 timetable change, Southeastern has been operating Class 319 dual-voltage units shared with First Capital Connect (FCC) to operate most services via London Blackfriars as part of the Thameslink programme. Southeastern operates the service south of Blackfriars, FCC taking over its operation north thereof. This restored some services that initially operated when the Thameslink route was opened in the late 1980s. Southeastern will also share some of the 23 new dual-voltage Class 377 units bound for the Thameslink route.[34]

 Class  Image Type  Top speed   Number  Cars per set  Routes operated   Built 
 mph   km/h 
Class 375 Electrostar Charing Cross station MMB 17 375705.jpg EMU 100 160 112 3/4 Mainline and limited Metro routes. 1999–2005
Class 376 Suburban Electrostar Charing Cross station MMB 25 376019.jpg 75 120 36 5 Metro routes 2004–2005
Class 395 Javelin 395006 at Sevington.jpg 140 225 29 6 High Speed 1 services 2006–2009
Class 465 Networker Southeastern 465002 at Lewisham 22 February 2011.jpg 75 120 147 4 Metro and limited Mainline routes. 1991–1994
Class 466 Networker 466022 new Southeastern livery.jpg 75 120 43 2 Metro and limited mainline routes+ metro/mainline branches 1993–1994

Past fleet[edit]

The arrangement with First Capital Connect for the services via Thameslink, coupled with the transfer of some routes to Southern, has allowed Southeastern to withdraw its small fleet of Class 508 EMUs and replace them with Networker stock cascaded from other services.

 Class   Image  Type  Top speed   Number   Cars per set   Routes operated   Built   Notes 
 mph   km/h 
Class 508/2 Class508-Three Bridges4669.JPG EMU 75 120 12 3 Rural routes (mainly branches) 1979–1980 Withdrawn 2008

Diagrams[edit]

Southeastern Class 375 Diagram.PNG Class 376 Southeastern Diagram.PNG Class 395 Southeastern Diagram.PNG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "South Eastern Franchise Consultation". Department for Transport. June 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (26 March 2013). "British government issues revised franchising schedule". International Rail Journal. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Company information, Southeastern, 2010.
  4. ^ "Train firm loses franchise". BBC News. 27 June 2003. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "Integrated Kent Franchise Stakeholder Briefing Document". Department for Transport. Retrieved 19 December 2008. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Additional services in December 2007 timetable" (Press release). Southeastern. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  7. ^ "High-speed travel for commuters". BBC News. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  8. ^ "Train times 22 March – 16 May 2009 Thameslink route". First Capital Connect. Retrieved 20 March 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ "First photos of FCC 377s released". Today's Railways (84) (Sheffield). p. 67. 
  10. ^ "New Train Timetable". Southeastern. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "£20m bullet trains to serve Olympic Park". Olympic Delivery Authority. 28 October 2004. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  12. ^ "Japanese bullet train on display". BBC News. 2 October 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  13. ^ "Our plans: Getting ready". Olympic Delivery Authority. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  14. ^ a b Transport Plan for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games – first edition. Olympic Delivery Authority. p. 64. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  15. ^ Southeastern. "Olympics timetable High Speed". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  16. ^ "Case details for Trade Mark 2397248". Intellectual Property Office. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  17. ^ Modern Railways (London: Ian Allan). January 2009. p. 1. 
  18. ^ "Countdown to Kent high-speed commuter service begins". Railway Herald (Scunthorpe). 14 December 2008. p. 4. Retrieved 29 December 2008. 
  19. ^ "Highspeed services". Southeastern. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  20. ^ "Vision for Southeastern". Govia. Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  21. ^ "£250 Million Contract Signed for New High Speed Train Fleet for Kent" (Press release). Strategic Rail Authority. 1 June 2005. Archived from the original on 15 July 2008. 
  22. ^ "Jamie Staff Unveils High Speed Train" (Press release). Southeastern. 21 September 2009. 
  23. ^ "First Class 395 'Javelin' named at Ashford International". Railway Herald (195) (Scunthorpe). 28 September 2009. p. 6. 
  24. ^ "Mainline services". Southeastern. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  25. ^ "Metro services". Southeastern. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  26. ^ Southeastern: 13 December 2009 timetables
  27. ^ London and South East Route Utilisation Strategy page 72
  28. ^ "Rail performance results period 7". Network Rail. 
  29. ^ "Southeastern responds to snow criticism". News Shopper (Petts Wood, Kent). 20 December 2010. 
  30. ^ 853 (blog) (2 December 2010). "Could snow failure could end Southeastern's franchise early?". 
  31. ^ Millward, David (31 December 2010). "Rail passenger anger over Southeastern Trains delay compensation". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  32. ^ "Southeastern: Why are we worst train company? Because you hate going to the office". Metro. London. 17 February 2014. 
  33. ^ "Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern Franchise: Invitation to Tender". London: Department for Transport. September 2013. p. 75. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  34. ^ "Franchise changes for FCC and Southeastern". Railway Herald (Scunthorpe). 25 August 2008. p. 3. Retrieved 27 August 2008. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
South Eastern Trains
South Eastern franchise
Operator of Integrated Kent franchise
2006 – present
Incumbent
New creation