Olympiastadion (Munich)

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Olympiastadion
2014 Olympiastadion Munich.jpg
The Munich Olympiastadion
Location Munich, Germany
Coordinates 48°10′23″N 11°32′48″E / 48.17306°N 11.54667°E / 48.17306; 11.54667Coordinates: 48°10′23″N 11°32′48″E / 48.17306°N 11.54667°E / 48.17306; 11.54667
Owner German State Government
Operator Olympiapark Munich GmbH
Capacity 69,250[1]
Surface Asphalt concrete and artificial grass[2]
Construction
Broke ground 1968
Opened 26 May 1972
Architect Frei Otto
Günther Behnisch
Hermann Peltz
Carlo Weber
Tenants
1972 Summer Olympics
FC Bayern Munich (1972–2005)
TSV 1860 Munich (1972–2005)

Olympiastadion (German pronunciation: [oˈlʏmpi̯aˈʃtaːdi̯ɔn]) is a stadium located in Munich, Germany. Situated at the heart of the Olympiapark München in northern Munich, the stadium was built as the main venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics.

With an original capacity of 80,000, the stadium also hosted many major football matches including the 1974 World Cup Final and the Euro '88 Final. It hosted the European Cup Finals of 1979, 1993 and 1997. Its current capacity is 69,250.[1]

Until the construction of the Allianz Arena for the 2006 World Cup, the stadium was home to Bayern Munich and TSV 1860 Munich.

Design[edit]

Designed by the German architect Günther Behnisch and the engineer Frei Otto, the Olympiastadion was considered[by whom?] revolutionary for its time. This included large sweeping canopies of acrylic glass stabilized by steel cables that were used for the first time on a large scale. The idea was to imitate the Alps and to set a counterpart to the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, held during the Nazi regime. The sweeping and transparent canopy was to symbolize the new, democratic and optimistic Germany. This is reflected in the official motto: "The Happy Games" ("Die Heiteren Spiele").[citation needed]

Construction[edit]

The stadium was built by Bilfinger Berger between 1968 to 1972 in a pit made by bombings Munich suffered during World War II. This pit made construction easier.[3][4]

Panorama view of the Münchener Olympiastadion

Post Olympic legacy[edit]

TSV 1860 München football match

Following the Olympics, the stadium became the home of FC Bayern Munich. In 1979 the ground played host to the 1979 European Cup Final in which Nottingham Forest won the first of their consecutive European Cups under Brian Clough.

In the 1990s Bayern Munich's rivals TSV 1860 Munich moved into the stadium. The two teams coexisted in the Olympiastadion until 2005, when both clubs moved to the purpose built Allianz Arena.

Borussia Dortmund won the 1997 UEFA Champions League Final at the Olympiastadion.

Since 2005, it is the host of the yearly air and style snowboard event.

On 31 December 2006, the stadium made history as being the first venue to host the Tour de Ski cross-country skiing competition. The individual sprint events, held at 1100 m, were won by Norway's Marit Bjørgen (women) and Switzerland's Christoph Eigenmann (men). The snow was made in the stadium by combining the hot air with the cold refrigerated water that causes the snow to act like the icy type you would see in the Alps.

It went unused in the 2006 FIFA World Cup due to the Allianz Arena being the host stadium in Munich.

On 23 to 24 June 2007, the stadium played host to the Spar European Cup 2007, a yearly athletics event featuring the top 8 countries from around Europe.

In 2010, it was announced that a round of the DTM touring car series will hold a stadium event in 2011. The Race of Champions-style event will be a non-championship scoring round, but the entire 2011 grid will take part over a two-day period.

On 17 May 2012, the ground played host to the 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final in which Olympique Lyonnais won their second consecutive trophy. The attendance of that game was a record for a UEFA Women's Champions League Final. On 19 May 2012 it hosted the "Public Viewing" of the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final which took place at Allianz Arena in Munich.

1974 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The stadium was one of the venues for the 1974 FIFA World Cup.

The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 1974:

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
15 June 1974 18.00 Italy Italy 3–1  Haiti Group 4 51,100
19 June 1974 19.30  Haiti 0–7  Poland Group 4 23,400
23 June 1974 16.00 Argentina Argentina 4–1  Haiti Group 4 24,000
6 July 1974 16.00 Brazil Brazil 0–1  Poland Third place match 74,100
7 July 1974 16.00 Netherlands Netherlands 1–2  West Germany Final 74,100

UEFA Euro 1988[edit]

The stadium was one of the venues for the UEFA Euro 1988.

The following games were played at the stadium during the Euro 1988:

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
17 June 1988 20.15  West Germany 2–0  Spain Group A 72,308
25 June 1988 15.30  Soviet Union 0–2  Netherlands Final 72,308

German and West German national football team matches held at the stadium[5][edit]

Other uses[edit]

Concerts[edit]

In addition to being a sports venue, the stadium has hosted many open-air concerts.

Michael Jackson performed at the stadium five times, all sold out with maximum capacity of the stadium for musical acts. The first concert was on 8 July 1988 during his Bad concerts, with more than 72,000 fans present. The second sell out concert, on 27 June 1992 kicked off his Dangerous World Tour, to another 72,000 fans. The next two were on 4 & 6 July 1997 during his HIStory World Tour for a total audience of 145,000 people. Those two concerts were filmed & mixed and have since been aired countless times on television all over the world. The fifth and last concert, on 27 June 1999 was for the second MJ & Friends concert, in which the star joined several other artists to raise funds to help needy and underprivileged children around the world.

Diana Ross sold out two nights in 1985 on her Swept Away Tour with more than 142,000 total audience attendees.

Bon Jovi performed at the stadium six times: the first one was on June 30, 2001, during the One Wild Night Tour.[6] The second one was on June 13, 2003, during the Bounce Tour.[7] The third one was on May 28, 2006 during the Have A Nice Day Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 71,467 people.[8] The fourth one was on May 24, 2008 during the Lost Highway Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 70,473 people.[9] The fifth was on June 12, 2011 during the Live 2011 in front of a sold out crowd of 68,025 people.[10] The sixth one was on May 18, 2013 during their Because We Can, in front of a sold out crowd of 64,284 people.[11]

Bruce Springsteen has performed four times at the stadium. The first time was on 18 June 1985 during the Born in the U.S.A. Tour.[12] The second time was 18 years later on 10 June 2003, during the Rising Tour. The third time was on 2 July 2009 during the Working on a Dream Tour.[13] On 26 May 2013, Springsteen and the band perform again at the venue in front of a sold out crowd of over 41,500 people amidst torrential rain and cold as part of the Wrecking Ball Tour.[14][15]

U2 performed at the stadium three times: the first one was on June 4, 1993 during their Zoo TV Tour, in front of a crowd of 56,000 people.[16] The second one was on August 3, 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 77,435 people.[17][18] The third one was on September 15, 2010 during their U2 360° Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 76,150 people.[19]

Depeche Mode performed at the stadium two times: the first one was on June 13, 2009 during their Tour of the Universe, in front of a sold out crowd of 60,293 people.[20] The second one was on June 1, 2013 during their Delta Machine Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 62,976 people.[21] The 2009 show was recorded for the group's live albums project Recording the Universe.

Other artists and bands that have played concerts here include Coldplay,[22] Nickelback,[23][24] Take That,[25] Madonna,[26][27] AC/DC,[28][29] Celine Dion,[30] The Police,[31] Genesis,[32][33][34][35] Phil Collins,[36] Red Hot Chili Peppers,[37] Robbie Williams,[38] ,[39] ,[40] ,[41] ,[42] Metallica,[43] Simon & Garfunkel,[44] Tina Turner,[45][46][47] Elton John,[48][49] Sting[50] and the Dave Matthews Band.[51]

Various[edit]

Parts of the 1975 film Rollerball were shot on the (then) futuristic site surrounding the stadium.

American rock band Guns N' Roses filmed parts of their Estranged video there when they visited Munich in June 1993.

The Olympic Stadium also hosted Motorcycle speedway when it held the 1989 World Final on 2 September 1989. Denmark's Hans Nielsen won his second World Championship with a 15 point maximum from his five rides. The late Simon Wigg of England finished in second place after defeating countryman Jeremy Doncaster in a run-off to decide the final podium places after both had finished with 12 points from their five rides. Three time champion Erik Gundersen of Denmark finished in fourth place with 11 points.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Daten
  2. ^ Olympiastadion: Abschied vom echten Grün http://www.merkur-online.de/lokales/muenchen/stadt-muenchen/olympiastadion-abschied-echten-gruen-2248996.html
  3. ^ Bilfinger Berger Corporate history animation
  4. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 180–2.
  5. ^ Alle spiele der nationalmanshaft im Olympiastadion
  6. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bon-jovi/2001/olympiastadion-munich-germany-3bd6e410.html
  7. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bon-jovi/2003/olympiastadion-munich-germany-1bd76110.html
  8. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bon-jovi/2006/olympiastadion-munich-germany-4bd6e786.html
  9. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bon-jovi/2008/olympiastadion-munich-germany-53d6bf45.html
  10. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bon-jovi/2011/olympiastadion-munich-germany-4bd323d6.html
  11. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bon-jovi/2013/olympiastadion-munich-germany-bd84d62.html
  12. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bruce-springsteen/1985/olympiastadion-munich-germany-3bd7b00c.html
  13. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bruce-springsteen/2009/olympiastadion-munich-germany-3d66963.html
  14. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bruce-springsteen/2013/olympiastadion-munich-germany-5bd9abac.html
  15. ^ "Notes from the road: Munich". www.brucespringsteen.com (Official Site). Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/u2/1993/olympiastadion-berlin-germany-53d6fb69.html
  17. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/u2/2005/olympiastadion-munich-germany-1bd6f564.html
  18. ^ Vertigo Tour
  19. ^ U2 360° Tour
  20. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/depeche-mode/2009/olympiastadion-munich-germany-63d60e43.html
  21. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/depeche-mode/2013/olympiastadion-berlin-germany-23d9e477.html
  22. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/coldplay/2012/olympiastadion-munich-germany-1bdda5f0.html
  23. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/nickelback/2012/olympiastadion-munich-germany-33dde0f9.html
  24. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/nickelback/2006/olympiastadion-munich-germany-7bd38aec.html
  25. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/take-that/2011/olympiastadion-munich-germany-3bd0a020.html
  26. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/madonna/1990/olympiastadion-munich-germany-1bdb4548.html
  27. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/madonna/2009/olympiastadion-munich-germany-6bdf3e16.html
  28. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/acdc/2009/olympiastadion-munich-germany-1bd61d74.html
  29. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/acdc/2001/olympiastadion-munich-germany-33d6bc45.html
  30. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/celine-dion/2008/olympiastadion-munich-germany-53d11371.html
  31. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/the-police/2007/olympiastadion-munich-germany-33d72085.html
  32. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/genesis/2007/olympiastadion-munich-germany-43d6f78f.html
  33. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/genesis/1992/olympiastadion-munich-germany-5bd82b2c.html
  34. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/genesis/1992/olympiastadion-munich-germany-7bd38abc.html
  35. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/genesis/1987/olympiastadion-munich-germany-4bdc6322.html
  36. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/phil-collins/2004/olympiastadion-munich-germany-2bd02c96.html
  37. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/red-hot-chili-peppers/2007/olympiastadion-munich-germany-43d6b7bb.html
  38. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/robbie-williams/2013/olympiastadion-munich-germany-23c6d4c7.html
  39. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/robbie-williams/2006/olympiastadion-munich-germany-2bdfc402.html
  40. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/robbie-williams/2006/olympiastadion-munich-germany-33d72ca9.html
  41. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/robbie-williams/2006/olympiastadion-munich-germany-33dfc40d.html
  42. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/robbie-williams/2003/olympiastadion-munich-germany-1bdf31ac.html
  43. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/metallica/2004/olympiastadion-munich-germany-2bd6f87a.html
  44. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/simon-and-garfunkel/2004/olympiastadion-munich-germany-6bdfc616.html
  45. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/tina-turner/2000/olympiastadion-munich-germany-3d65d3f.html
  46. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/tina-turner/1993/olympiastadion-munich-germany-4bd66fd6.html
  47. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/tina-turner/1990/olympiastadion-munich-germany-bd661d2.html
  48. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/elton-john/1998/olympiastadion-munich-germany-73daead9.html
  49. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/elton-john-and-billy-joel/1998/olympiastadion-munich-germany-63c6865b.html
  50. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/sting/1996/olympiastadion-munich-germany-3d47127.html
  51. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/dave-matthews-band/1996/olympiastadion-munich-germany-bd6e596.html

External links[edit]