Olyokminsky District

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Olyokminsky District
Олёкминский улус (Russian)
Өлүөхүмэ улууhа (Sakha)
Olekminsky ulus location.PNG
Location of Olyokminsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 60°23′N 120°26′E / 60.383°N 120.433°E / 60.383; 120.433Coordinates: 60°23′N 120°26′E / 60.383°N 120.433°E / 60.383; 120.433
Coat of Arms of Olekminsk rayon (Yakutia).png
Flag of Olyokminsky rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center town of Olyokminsk[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns under district jurisdiction 1
Settlements 1
Rural okrugs 21
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 52
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Olyokminsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 22
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 160,800 km2 (62,100 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 26,785 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 35.4%
- Rural 64.6%
Density 0.17 /km2 (0.44 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[7]
Established January 9, 1930[8]

Olyokminsky District (Russian: Олёкминский улу́с; Sakha: Өлүөхүмэ улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders with Verkhnevilyuysky District in the north, Gorny and Khangalassky Districts in the northeast, Aldansky District in the east, Neryungrinsky District in the southeast, Zabaykalsky Krai in the southwest, Irkutsk Oblast and Lensky District in the west, and with Suntarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 160,800 square kilometers (62,100 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the town of Olyokminsk.[2] Population: 26,785 (2010 Census);[5] 27,563 (2002 Census);[9] 30,938 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Olyokminsk accounts for 35.4% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The main rivers of the district include the Lena with its tributaries, the largest of which is the Olyokma.

Climate[edit]

Average January temperature ranges from −30 to −35 °C (−22 to −31 °F) and average July temperature ranges from +12 °C (54 °F) in the mountains to +18 °C (64 °F) in the valleys.[8] Average annual precipitation is 200–300 millimeters (7.9–11.8 in).[8]

History[edit]

The district was established on January 9, 1930.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2002 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is based mostly on agriculture and mining. There are deposits of gold and construction materials in the district. The only deposit of charoite known in the world is located on the district's territory.[citation needed]

Inhabited localities[edit]

Municipal composition
Towns / Cities Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Olyokminsk
(Олекминск)
10,734 5,224 (48.7%) 5,510 (51.3%)
Urban settlements Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Torgo
(Торго)
0 0 (n/a %) 0 (n/a %)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Abaginsky Nasleg
(Абагинский)
1,190 559 (47.0%) 631 (53.0%)
Dabansky Nasleg
(Дабанский)
535 263 (49.2%) 272 (50.8%)
Delgeysky Nasleg
(Дельгейский)
569 272 (47.8%) 297 (52.2%)
Zharkhansky National Nasleg
(Жарханский национальный)
1,373 685 (49.9%) 688 (50.1%)
Kindigirsky National Nasleg
(Киндигирский национальный)
354 163 (46.0%) 191 (54.0%)
Kyllakhsky Nasleg
(Кыллахский)
1,146 583 (50.9%) 563 (48.1%)
Kyachchinsky Nasleg
(Кяччинский)
411 228 (55.5%) 183 (44.5%)
Malzhagarsky Nasleg
(Мальжагарский)
1,089 560 (51.4%) 529 (48.6%)
Machinsky Nasleg
(Мачинский)
407 239 (58.7%) 168 (41.3%)
Neryuktyayinsky 1-y Nasleg
(Нерюктяйинский 1-й)
1,436 703 (49.0%) 733 (51.0%)
Neryuktyayinsky 2-y Nasleg
(Нерюктяйинский 2-й)
956 451 (47.2%) 505 (52.8%)
Olyokminsky Nasleg
(Олекминский)
1,027 486 (47.3%) 541 (%)
Sanyyakhtakhsky Nasleg
(Саныяхтахский)
987 532 (53.9%) 455 (46.1%)
Solyansky Nasleg
(Солянский)
433 224 (51.7%) 209 (48.3%)
Troitsky Nasleg
(Троицкий)
353 187 (53.0%) 166 (47.0%)
Tyantsky National Nasleg
(Тянский национальный)
499 272 (54.5%) 227 (45.5%)
Ulakhan-Mungkunsky Nasleg
(Улахан-Мунгкунский)
394 209 (53.0%) 185 (47.0%)
Uritsky Nasleg
(Урицкий)
313 159 (20.8%) 154 (49.2%)
Khorinsky Nasleg
(Хоринский)
812 410 (50.5%) 402 (49.5%)
Chapayevsky Nasleg
(Чапаевский)
932 513 (55.0%) 419 (45.0%)
Charinsky National Nasleg
(Чаринский национальный)
215 109 (50.7%) 106 (49.3%)
Villages Population Male Female Villages in jurisdiction*
Zarechny Village
(Заречный)
620 327 (52.7%) 293 (47.3%)

Divisional source:[11]
Population source:[5]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  5. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Olyokminsky District (Russian)
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ Olyokminsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).