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NH7 Omalur Tollplaza near Salem
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Krishnan C|
|• Total||8.16 km2 (3.15 sq mi)|
|Elevation||298 m (978 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Omalur is a panchayat town in the Salem District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is situated on the National Highway 7 between 11° 73333" latitude and 78° 06667" longitude. It has a population of about 13,600. Agriculture, leather and handloom textiles are the major business. It is the second largest taluk in the district of Salem. Omalur has 95 census villages.
In 14th century, Omalur Kottai built.
The Madurai Nayaks ruled Kongu Nadu, the Gatti Mudalis were the made in-charge of Omalur, Taramangalam and others. They built the temple at Taramangalam which is an architectural wonder. The Salem district, the most dangerously exposed province of the Madurai Nayaks rule. They ruled from Taramangalam, where they built a costly temple. In Salem district, they held the important strategic fort of Omalur and Attur.
The Gatti Mudalis's rule extended east-west from Thalaivasal to Dharapuram and north-south from Omalur to Karur. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire, the Gatti Mudalis became the Palaiyakkarar of Omalur under Tirumalai Nayak of Madurai in 1623.
In 1660, Chikka Deveraja conquered Sankagiri, Thoppur and Omalur. In 1667, the Gatti Mudalis lost Omalur to Mysore. In 1688-89, Chikka Deva Raya, the king of Mysore, felt strong enough once again to invade Baramahal and the whole district of Salem came under his control before his death in 1704.
In 1815 Omalur taluk was absorbed into Salem taluk, but was recreated in 1819. It was again absorbed by Salem taluk in 1860, and again recreated in 1910. In 1916 Omalur taluk bifurcated into Omalur and Mettur, and in 1941 Mettur Taluk was absorbed into Omalur.
Omalur is located at  It has an average elevation of 298 metres (977 feet)..
As of 2001[update] India census, Omalur had a population of 12,536. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Omalur has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 58%. In Omalur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The climate is generally hot and dry. Summer stretches from February to July with its peak during the months of April and May. Temperatures stay above 30°C and can reach 37°C. During this time it gets occasional spells of rain. During the months of August and September the South-West monsoons start and bring about 100 mm of rain. In October and November it receives the North-East monsoon.
The village has 69 Primary Schools, 19 Upper Primary Schools, 8 Secondary Schools and 6 Higher Secondary Schools, a total of 101 Schools.
- Kalaimagal matriculation higher secondary school,RC Chettipatti,Omalur
- SSRM Higher secondary school,karrupur.
- Vellasami Chettiyar Higher Secondary School, Omalur
- Fatima Girls Higher Secondary School, Omalur
- Mount Shervaroys Matriculation School, Poosarippatti
- South Indian Matriculation & Higher Secondary School, Panchukalipatti
- Swamy Vivekanatha Matriculation School, Kadayampatti
- G. R. Matriculation School, Muthuanickenpatti.
- Wistom Gates Matriculation School, Kottaimariammankoil
- St. Joseph Matriculation School, Pagalpatti
- John Britto Matriculation School, Kamalapuram
- Govt Higher secondary school, Periyapatty, semmandapatty village
- Govt Higher secondary school, Pannapatty
- Govt Higher secondary school, muthu Naikken Patty
- Govt Higher secondary school, Vellalappatti
- Panchayat Union Primary School,Kamalapuram
- Panchayat Union Middle School, Thathaiyengarpatty,(Senkaradu)@(redhills)
- Green Home Matriculation Higher Secondary School, National nagar, Omalur
- A.M Public School, Naduppatti
Omalur town colleges and Universities:
- Government Engineering College, Salem (Autonomous)(Anna University,Chennai)
- Periyar University at Omalur town 3 km. Omalur (TK)
- Dhirajlal gandhi college of technology,Opp. Salem Airport,Sikanampatty,Omalur, Salem.Affiliated to ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI.
- Narusu's Sarathy Institute of Technology, Poosaripatti at Omalur town 6 km. Omalur (TK)Affiliated to ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI.
- Padmavani Arts & Science College (near Periyar University) at Omalur town 3 km. Omalur (TK)
- Balakrishna Polytechnic College at Omalur town 4 km. Omalur (TK)
- DPC Polytechnic College at Omalur town 6 km. Omalur (TK)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2012)|
- Thathaiyengarpatty (It's a very beautiful village sugar cane and rice are the crops)
- Pudhu Nallagoundampatty - Nearby Government Engineering College
- Anaigoundampatty - OPP - Government Engineering College
- Saminakayanpatty -
- Amman Kovil Patty
- M. Chttipatty
- Kottalur pudur
- K. R. Thoppur
- Perumal Kovil
- Koottaimariamman Kovil
- Karuppadk; Patty
- Chinthamanyur(Hand loom and power loom is the major work in this village.This is growing like a city .)
- Mullai Nagar
- Mulli Chettipatti
- Maragoundan Pudur
- Periavadagampatti-Even though it is under the name of Danishpet panchat, all the facilities are available in this Periavadagampatti village only.
- Danishpet- The main occupation is agriculture. It has two lakes. Danishpet Railway Station falls on the Tiruppattur-Salem rail route. It is under the administrative control of the Southern Railways. The nearest major railhead, Salem Junction Railway Station is 24 km away.
- SATTUR <is the most popular village at omalur taluk,sri durkkaliammaman Temple located at sattur,
Government offices In Omalur
- Taluk Office - Omalur to Mettur Via.
- Union Office - Near Taluk Office.
- RTO Office(TN-30Y-UO) - Omalur to Tharamangalam Via.
- Police Station - Omalur to Mettur Via.
- Sub Register Office - Near Omalur GH.
- Sub Treasury Office - Near Taluk Office
- Combained Court - Near Taluk office.
- Salem Air Port - Kamalapuram, Omalur to Banglore Main Road.
- Southern Railway Station, Omalur.
Banks in Omalur
- State Bank of India, Omalur to Mettur Via.
- Axis Bank, Near Omalur Bus Stand.
- Indian Bank, Near Omalur Bus Stand.
- Indian Oversees Bank, Near Omalur Bus Stand.
- South Indian Bank, Omalur to Dharmapuri.
- Tamilnad mercantile bank ltd,omalur to mettur via,
- Indusind Bank, Omalur to Mettur Via.
- Canara Bank, Omalur to Mettur Via.
- Karur Vysya Bank Omalur to Dharmapuri Via
ATM Centers in Omalur
- Near State Bank
- Near Railway Station
- Near Omalur to Salem via Petrol Bunk.
- Near Axis Bank
- Near South Indian Bank
- IOB ATM Near Bus stand
- SBI ATM Near Bus Stand
- Indian ATM Near Police Station
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Omalur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-09.