Omar Ali Saifuddin II
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|Omar Ali Saifuddin II
II عمر علي سيفالدين
|Sultan of Brunei|
|Reign||1829 – 1852|
|Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin
Pengiran Pemancha Sahibul Rae' Wal Mashuarah Pengiran Anak Mohammad Salleh
Pengiran Anak Matalam
Pengiran Anak Metassan
Pengiran Anak Zubaidah
Pengiran Anak Mariam
Pengiran Anak Saleha
Pengiran Anak Siti Munggu
3 February 1799|
Brunei Town, Brunei
|Died||20 November 1852
Brunei Town, Brunei
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II was the 23rd Sultan of Brunei.
His Highness was the son of Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam I and Raja Isteri Nor Alam.
Succession to the Throne
When his father died in 1804, he was still a minor. Therefore, his grandfather, Paduka Seri Begawan Muhammad Tajuddin ascended the throne for the second time. Due to the advanced age of Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin, his younger brother, Pengiran Di-Gadong Pengiran Muda Muhammad Kanzul Alam acted as regent. When Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin died in 1807, the regent became the 21st Sultan of Brunei and was known as Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam. Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam then appointed his own son, Pengiran Anak Muhammad Alam as heir to the throne of Brunei.
In 1825, when Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin had come of age, he asserted his claim to the throne. Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin was supported by most nobles as he was the rightful heir according to Brunei’s royal traditions. The Kris Si Naga in the possession of his mother strengthened his claim. To end the succession crisis, Sultan Muhammad Alam stepped down from the throne and was sentenced to death. In 1828, Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin ascended the throne as the 23rd Sultan of Brunei taking the title Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II.
During Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II’s reign, disturbances occurred in Sarawak. In 1842, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II appointed James Brooke who succeeded in crushing the disturbances as the Sultan Representative (Governor) in Sarawak. In 1846, Brunei Town was attacked and captured by the British and Sultan Saifuddin II was forced to sign a treaty to end the British occupation of Brunei Town. In the same year, His Highness ceded Labuan to the British under the Treaty of Labuan. In 1847, he signed the Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with the British and in 1850, he signed a similar treaty with the United States.
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II died in 1852 and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Sultan Abdul Momin as the 24th Sultan of Brunei. He was buried at the Bukit Penggal Royal Mausoleum, Brunei Town.
|Sultan of Brunei