Omarska

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Omarska
Омарска
Town
Main street
Main street
Omarska is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Omarska
Omarska
Coordinates: 44°53′30″N 16°53′57″E / 44.89167°N 16.89917°E / 44.89167; 16.89917Coordinates: 44°53′30″N 16°53′57″E / 44.89167°N 16.89917°E / 44.89167; 16.89917
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Municipality Prijedor
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Omarska (Cyrillic: Омарска) is a small town near Prijedor in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It includes an old iron mine and ore processing plant. During the Bosnian War it was the site of the Omarska concentration camp.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, a massacre of Bosnian Serb civilians occurred in Omarska.[1]

Bosnian War[edit]

The Omarska camp was a concentration camp run by Bosnian Serb forces in Omarska, set up for Bosniak and Croat men and women during the Prijedor massacre.[2][3] Functioning in the first months of the Bosnian War in 1992, it was one of 677 alleged detention centers and camps set up throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war.[4] While nominally an "investigation center" or "assembly point" for members of the non-Serb population,[2] Human Rights Watch classified Omarska as a concentration camp.[5]

Geography[edit]

Main Features[edit]

Municipal commonwealth of Omarska consists of Omarska town and 10 villages: Petrov Gaj, Kevljani, Lamovita, Bistrica, Verići, Niševići, Gradina, Jelićka, Krivaja and Marićka. Its geographical coordinates are 44°53'22.00"N 16°53'43.23"E. It has area of 246.73 km² and it is located 169m above sea level. Average temperature (over the year) is +12 degrees celsius. Average yearly rain level is 1200mm. Terrain of Omarska is mainly plains, 65% lowlands and 35% highlands.

Hydrography[edit]

River system in Omarska is very rich. Through the middle of Omarska territory runs river Gomjenica, which has great agricultural significance, because it runs through most fertile land in this area. Gomjenica is confluent of Sana. It infuses Sana in Prijedor.

Demographic Features[edit]

Population[edit]

According to the 1971 Yugoslav census, the population of Omarska was 19,044 - of which 16,084 were Serbs, 2,198 were Muslims, 376 were Croats and 433 were others. The average population density of the town was 68 per km².[citation needed]

Education[edit]

There is one elementary school in Omarska, OŠ "Vuk Karadžić", which has about 800 pupils. Children from Omarska usually go to high schools in Prijedor or Banjaluka.

Sports[edit]

Omarska has a football club, FK Omarska, which competes in the 2nd League-West of the Republika Srpska.

Galery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Judah, Tim (2000). The Serbs: History, Myth, and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. Yale University Press. p. 234. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Simons, Marlise (3 November 2001). "New York Times: 5 Bosnian Serbs Guilty of War Crimes at Infamous Camp". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Osborn, Andrew (3 November 2001). "Guardian: Five Serbs guilty of Omarska camp atrocities". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  4. ^ United Nations (1994). Final report of the United Nations Commission of Experts established pursuant to security council resolution 780 (Report). http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/VIII-01.htm. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  5. ^ HRW report

External links[edit]