Omega Piscium

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Omega Piscium[1]
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Pisces constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of ω Piscium(circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Pisces
Right ascension 23h 59m 18.6896s
Declination +6° 51' 47.956"
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.036
Characteristics
Spectral type F4IV
U−B color index +0.07
B−V color index +0.42
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) 1.9 km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 148.49 mas/yr
Dec.: -112.16 mas/yr
Parallax (π) 30.78 ± 0.87 mas
Distance 106 ± 3 ly
(32.5 ± 0.9 pc)
Other designations
ω Piscium, ω Psc, Omega Psc, 28 Piscium, BD+06°5227, FK5 902, GC 33262, HD 224617, HIP 118268, HR 9072, PPM 174637, SAO 128513,

Omega Piscium (Omega Psc, ω Piscium, ω Psc) is a star approximately 106 light years away from Earth, in the constellation Pisces. It has a spectral type of F4IV, meaning it is a subgiant/dwarf star, and it has a temperature of 6,600 kelvins. It may or may not be a close binary star system. Variations in its spectrum were once interpreted as giving it an orbital period of 2.16 days, but this claim was later debunked as false. It is 20 times brighter than our Sun and is 1.8 times greater in mass, if it is a single star.[2]

Counting stars with Flamsteed numbers, Greek letters, and proper names, Omega Piscium is the named star with the highest right ascension (akin to terrestrial longitude). Due to the 26,000-year wobble of the Earth's axis, this will change in 2013, when its right ascension will reset to 0 hours. It is the first star to the east of the Circlet of Pisces,[2] which represents the head of the western fish in the constellation.[3]

Naming[edit]

  • In the catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Al Achsasi al Mouakket, this star was designated Dzaneb al Samkat, which was translated into Latin as Cauda Piscis, meaning the tail of fish.[4]
  • In Chinese, 霹靂 (Pī Lì), meaning Thunderbolt, refers to an asterism consisting of refers to an asterism consisting of ω Piscium, β Piscium, γ Piscium, θ Piscium and ι Piscium. Consequently, ω Piscium itself is known as 霹靂五 (Pī Lì wu, English: the Fifth Star of Thunderbolt.)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Simbad Query Result". Simbad. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b ""Omega Psc"". Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  3. ^ ""Western Pisces"". Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  4. ^ Knobel, E. B. (June 1895). "Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, on a catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 55: 430. Bibcode:1895MNRAS..55..429K. 
  5. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 8 日